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首页> 外文期刊>Journal of Science Education and Technology >Inquiry-Events as a Tool for Changing Science Teaching Efficacy Belief of Kindergarten and Elementary School Teachers
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Inquiry-Events as a Tool for Changing Science Teaching Efficacy Belief of Kindergarten and Elementary School Teachers

机译:探究活动是改变幼儿园和小学教师科学教学效能信念的工具

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Researchers agree that science education should begin at childhood, due to its contribution to later cognitive skill development. However, in most cases only a small portion of kindergarten and elementary school activities is related to science. Given the tremendous impact teachers have on children and on the success or failure of their curriculum, teachers' efficacy belief toward science teaching (TEBTST) should be of significant concern. It is suggested herein that in order to improve TEBTST, the science curriculum should be developed not only from the perspective of the child's needs, but will explicitly consider the teachers' needs as well. Such an approach is described in this study, and is labeled as the "Inquiry Events" (IE) teaching method. This method involves relating to an open―ended problem situated in real life, that encourages investigation of a variety of issues―ethical, economic, scientific, etc.―which both kindergarten and elementary school teachers are accustomed to considering. The method encourages teachers to relate to these daily situations by introducing scientific questions, which they would ordinarily ignore or omit. Using the STEBI (Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument) questionnaire before and after a 4-day workshop introducing the IE method, it was found that IE improved TEBTST and increased their confidence in teaching science.
机译:研究人员一致认为,科学教育应从儿童时期开始,因为它对以后认知技能的发展做出了贡献。但是,在大多数情况下,幼儿园和小学活动中只有一小部分与科学有关。鉴于教师对孩子及其课程的成败有巨大影响,因此教师对科学教学的效能信念(TEBTST)应该引起极大关注。在此建议,为了提高TEBTST,不仅应从儿童需求的角度发展科学课程,而且还应明确考虑教师的需求。在本研究中描述了这种方法,并将其标记为“查询事件”(IE)教学方法。这种方法涉及到现实生活中的一个开放性问题,它鼓励调查各种问题,包括道德,经济,科学等。幼儿园和小学教师都习惯于考虑这些问题。该方法通过引入科学问题来鼓励教师与这些日常情况相关联,而科学问题通常是他们会忽略或忽略的。在为期4天的介绍IE方法的研讨会之前和之后,使用STEBI(科学教学效能信念仪器)问卷,发现IE改善了TEBTST并增加了他们对科学教学的信心。

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