【2h】

Components of aesthetic experience: aesthetic fascination aesthetic appraisal and aesthetic emotion

机译:审美体验的组成部分:审美迷恋审美评估和审美情感

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摘要

In this paper aesthetic experience is defined as an experience qualitatively different from everyday experience and similar to other exceptional states of mind. Three crucial characteristics of aesthetic experience are discussed: fascination with an aesthetic object (high arousal and attention), appraisal of the symbolic reality of an object (high cognitive engagement), and a strong feeling of unity with the object of aesthetic fascination and aesthetic appraisal. In a proposed model, two parallel levels of aesthetic information processing are proposed. On the first level two sub-levels of narrative are processed, story (theme) and symbolism (deeper meanings). The second level includes two sub-levels, perceptual associations (implicit meanings of object's physical features) and detection of compositional regularities. Two sub-levels are defined as crucial for aesthetic experience, appraisal of symbolism and compositional regularities. These sub-levels require some specific cognitive and personality dispositions, such as expertise, creative thinking, and openness to experience. Finally, feedback of emotional processing is included in our model: appraisals of everyday emotions are specified as a matter of narrative content (eg, empathy with characters), whereas the aesthetic emotion is defined as an affective evaluation in the process of symbolism appraisal or the detection of compositional regularities.
机译:在本文中,审美体验被定义为一种与日常体验本质上不同且与其他特殊心境相似的体验。讨论了审美体验的三个关键特征:对审美对象的迷恋(高度唤醒和关注),对对象的象征性现实的评价(高度认知参与)以及与审美迷恋和审美评估的对象的强烈团结感。在提出的模型中,提出了两个并行级别的审美信息处理。在第一层,叙事的两个子层被处理,即故事(主题)和象征主义(更深层的含义)。第二级包括两个子级,感知关联(对象的物理特征的隐式含义)和成分规律性的检测。定义了两个子级别,这些子级别对于审美体验,象征主义的评价和构图规律性至关重要。这些子级别需要一些特定的认知和性格倾向,例如专业知识,创造性思维和开放的经验。最后,情感处理的反馈包括在我们的模型中:日常情感的评估被指定为叙述内容(例如,对人物的同情),而审美情感则被定义为在象征主义评估或情感评估过程中的情感评估。检测组成规律。

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