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Hermeneutic Neurophenomenology in the Science-Religion Dialogue: Analysis of States of Consciousness in the Zohar

机译:科学与宗教对话中的诠释学神经现象学:Zohar意识状态的分析

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Many mystical texts convey insights into the nature of mind that have the potential to assist in the framing of scientific models in psychology and neuroscience. In many cases, however, the insights are concealed within complex, codified symbolic systems, meaning that the reader must engage with the hermeneutic employed by the texts’ authors in order to access the insights. Combining such a hermeneutic approach with that of neurophenomenology can enrich the input from mysticism to science. I exemplify this hermeneutic neurophenomenology through an analysis of states of mystical consciousness as portrayed in the classic of Jewish mysticism, the Zohar. Three distinct mystical states are identified, each of which is understood as being dominated by a specific dimension of consciousness. The normal state of consciousness is dominated by the narrative construction of self. The first mystical state arises as this narrative is attenuated, allowing the intentionality of perception and emotion to become the dominating dimension. The second mystical state comes to the fore as the mystic increasingly identifies with an associational propensity at the core of memory processing. The final mystical state conveys the essential feature of consciousness—phenomenality—with little, if any, intentional content. I explore how the Zohar’s insights into these states can combine with neurocognitive data and thereby enrich our understanding of consciousness.
机译:许多神秘的著作传达了对心灵本质的见识,这些见识有可能有助于构筑心理学和神经科学的科学模型。然而,在许多情况下,洞察力隐藏在复杂的,经过编纂的符号系统中,这意味着读者必须与文本作者所采用的解释学联系,才能获得洞察力。将这种解释学方法与神经现象学方法相结合,可以丰富从神秘主义到科学的投入。我通过对犹太神秘主义经典作品《 Zohar》中所描述的神秘意识状态的分析来举例说明这种解释性神经现象学。确定了三个不同的神秘状态,每个状态都被理解为意识的特定维度。意识的正常状态由自我的叙事结构决定。随着这种叙事的淡化,第一个神秘状态就出现了,使感知和情感的有意性成为主导维度。随着神秘主义者越来越多地认同以存储器处理为核心的联想倾向,第二个神秘主义状态开始崭露头角。最终的神秘状态传达了意识的本质特征,即现象性,几乎没有故意的内容。我探索Zohar对这些状态的见识如何与神经认知数据结合起来,从而丰富我们对意识的理解。

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