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Visuo-Kinetic Signs Are Inherently Metonymic: How Embodied Metonymy Motivates Forms, Functions, and Schematic Patterns in Gesture

机译:维索运动学符号天生就具有调子学意义:具体化的转喻如何激发手势的形式,功能和示意图式

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摘要

This paper aims to evidence the inherently metonymic nature of co-speech gestures. Arguing that motivation in gesture involves iconicity (similarity), indexicality (contiguity), and habit (conventionality) to varying degrees, it demonstrates how a set of metonymic principles may lend a certain systematicity to experientially grounded processes of gestural abstraction and enaction. Introducing visuo-kinetic signs as an umbrella term for co-speech gestures and signed languages, the paper shows how a frame-based approach to gesture may integrate different cognitive/functional linguistic and semiotic accounts of metonymy (e.g., experiential domains, frame metonymy, contiguity, and pragmatic inferencing). The guiding assumption is that gestures metonymically profile deeply embodied, routinized aspects of familiar scenes, that is, the motivating context of frames. The discussion shows how gestures may evoke frame structures exhibiting varying degrees of groundedness, complexity, and schematicity: basic physical action and object frames; more complex frames; and highly abstract, complex frame structures. It thereby provides gestural evidence for the idea that metonymy is more basic and more directly experientially grounded than metaphor and thus often feeds into correlated metaphoric processes. Furthermore, the paper offers some initial insights into how metonymy also seems to induce the emergence of schematic patterns in gesture which may result from action-based and discourse-driven processes of habituation and conventionalization. It exemplifies how these forces may engender grammaticalization of a basic physical action into a gestural marker that shows strong metonymic form reduction, decreased transitivity, and interacting pragmatic functions. Finally, addressing basic metonymic operations in signed lexemes elucidates certain similarities regarding sign constitution in gesture and sign. English and German multimodal discourse data as well as German Sign Language (DGS) are drawn upon to illustrate the theoretical points of the paper. Overall, this paper presents a unified account of metonymy’s role in underpinning forms, functions, and patterns in visuo-kinetic signs.
机译:本文旨在证明共语音手势的固有转喻性质。争论手势的动机在不同程度上涉及标志性(相似性),索引性(连续性)和习惯(常规性),它说明了一组转喻原理如何为基于手势的抽象和行动的经验基础提供一定的系统性。引入视觉动力学符号作为共语音手势和手语的总称,该论文展示了基于框架的手势方法如何整合转喻的不同认知/功能语言和符号学说明(例如,体验域,框架转喻,连续性和实用推理)。指导性假设是,转喻手势对熟悉场景的深层体现,常规化方面(即框架的激励上下文)进行轮廓描述。讨论显示了手势如何唤起显示出不同程度的接地性,复杂性和示意性的框架结构:基本的物理动作和对象框架;更复杂的框架;以及高度抽象的复杂框架结构。因此,它为比喻比隐喻更基本,更直接地基于经验的观念提供了手势证据,因此,它经常被引入相关的隐喻过程中。此外,本文提供了一些初步的见解,以了解转喻似乎还可以诱导手势中示意性图案的出现,这可能是由于基于动作和话语驱动的习惯化和传统化过程所致。它举例说明了这些力如何使基本物理动作的语法化成为手势标记,该手势标记显示出强烈的转喻形式减少,传递性降低以及实用功能相互作用。最后,解决有符号词素中的基本转喻操作可阐明有关手势和符号中符号构成的某些相似性。利用英语和德语多模式话语数据以及德语手语(DGS)来说明本文的理论要点。总体而言,本文对转喻在视觉动能标志的形式,功能和模式中的作用进行了统一描述。

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