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The modals of possibility and permission in Standard English varieties of England, Scotland, and the United States: A study in dialectal variation.

机译:英国,苏格兰和美国的标准英语变体中的可能性和许可方式:方言变异研究。

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摘要

Variation in modal usage among Standard English varieties has been found in corpus studies of British English (BrE), American English (AmE), and Australian English (AusE) (Coates & Leech, 1980; Ljung, 1996; Collins, 2007, 2009). In addition, elicitation and case studies of Standard Scottish English (St ScE) (Brown & Miller, 1975; Brown & Millar, 1980; Miller & Brown, 1982) have documented divergence between St ScE and the Standard English of England (St EngE), including the near absence of may from St ScE. The current study investigated variation in the use and connotations of the modals of permission and possibility ( may, might, can, and could ) in St EngE, St AmE, and St ScE through interviews and written questionnaires administered to 14 American, 11 English, and 15 Scottish students at universities in Washington, DC, Leeds, and Edinburgh. The study found dialectal differences in the use of may and non-modal expressions, and will emerged as an additional modal of possibility for some Scottish and English respondents. In all dialects, the modals of possibility were not found to differ by degree of likelihood, while the modals of permission were strongly marked for style.
机译:在英式英语(BrE),美式英语(AmE)和澳大利亚英语(AusE)的语料库研究中,发现标准英语品种中模态用法的差异(Coates&Leech,1980; Ljung,1996; Collins,2007,2009)。 。此外,标准苏格兰英语(St ScE)的启发和案例研究(Brown&Miller,1975; Brown&Millar,1980; Miller&Brown,1982)证明了St ScE与英格兰标准英语(St EngE)之间的差异。 ,包括St ScE可能几乎没有的情况。当前的研究通过对14位美国人,11位英语,英语,英语,英语和英语的受访者进行访谈和书面问卷调查,调查了St EngE,St AmE和St ScE中许可和可能性(可能,可能,可以和可能)模式的使用和内涵的差异。以及15位来自华盛顿特区,利兹和爱丁堡的苏格兰学生。这项研究发现了在使用may和非模态表达方面的方言差异,并将成为一些苏格兰和英语受访者的另一种可能模态。在所有方言中,均未发现可能性的方式在可能性上有所不同,而允许的方式则被强烈标记为风格。

著录项

  • 作者

    Beiler, Ingrid Rodrick.;

  • 作者单位

    The American University.;

  • 授予单位 The American University.;
  • 学科 Language Linguistics.;Education Foreign Language.;Education English as a Second Language.
  • 学位 M.A.
  • 年度 2010
  • 页码 110 p.
  • 总页数 110
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

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