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Kongzi, Rawls, and the sense of justice in the 'Analects'.

机译:孔子,罗尔斯和《论语》中的正义感。

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摘要

This dissertation is a comparative study of the philosophy of John Rawls and the Confucian Analects regarding the idea of a sense of justice. The first aim of this work is to correct a view that has been advanced by several scholars of Chinese and comparative philosophy, namely, that the absence of terms such as "justice" in classical Chinese indicates that classical Chinese texts are not concerned with questions of justice, and that classical Confucian philosophers were not interested in the ideas that are the focus of modern Western political philosophy. Against these claims, I argue that there are deep and important areas of agreement between the understanding of a sense of justice in the Analects and John Rawls's account of a sense of justice. I show that on both views, a sense of justice is cultivated first within the context of parent-child relationships and then within communities, finally emerging as a fully developed moral sense that informs the capacity to feel and act in certain ways toward other members of society. The second aim of this study is to show how comparative work can help us to understand more fully and accurately the features of two or more views. I argue that studying the idea of a sense of justice in the Analects alongside a Rawlsian sense of justice highlights some important dimensions of Rawls's work that have been neglected, including the role he assigns to the family and the community in his account of how citizens cultivate a sense of justice. I also argue that Rawls's discussions of moral psychology and the development of a sense of justice provide readers with a model for understanding the role that moral capacities can play in political philosophy. Rawls's account helps readers to see how an appreciation for justice can be expressed in a text like theAnalects, even though there is not a fully developed theory of justice or a single term that consistently designates "justice."
机译:本文是对约翰·罗尔斯(John Rawls)和《论语》的正义感思想的比较研究。这项工作的首要目的是纠正一些中国学者和比较哲学学者提出的观点,即,在古典汉语中缺少诸如“ justice”之类的术语表示古典汉语文本与语言问题无关。正义,而古典儒家哲学家对现代西方政治哲学关注的思想不感兴趣。反对这些主张,我认为在《论语》中对正义感的理解与约翰·罗尔斯对正义感的阐述之间存在着深刻而重要的共识。我表明,在这两种观点上,首先在亲子关系的环境中培养了正义感,然后在社区中培养了正义感,最后形成了一种完全发展的道德意识,这种道德意识使人们有能力以某种方式对其他成员感到并采取行动。社会。这项研究的第二个目的是说明比较工作如何帮助我们更全面和准确地理解两个或多个视图的特征。我认为,对《论语》中的正义感与罗尔斯的正义感进行研究,可以发现罗尔斯作品中一些被忽视的重要方面,包括他在公民如何耕种方面赋予家庭和社区的作用。正义感。我还认为,罗尔斯对道德心理学的讨论和正义感的发展为读者提供了一个理解道德能力在政治哲学中可以发挥的作用的模型。罗尔斯的论述可以帮助读者了解如何在《论语》等文本中表达对正义的欣赏,尽管目前还没有一个完善的正义理论或一个始终称“正义”的术语。

著录项

  • 作者

    Cline, Erin M.;

  • 作者单位

    Baylor University.;

  • 授予单位 Baylor University.;
  • 学科 Philosophy.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2006
  • 页码 350 p.
  • 总页数 350
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 B0;
  • 关键词

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