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'I Went to a Fight the Other Night and a Hockey Game Broke Out': is Professional Hockey Fighting Calculated or Impulsive?

机译:“我前一天去打架,曲棍球比赛爆发了”:职业曲棍球打架是经过计算还是冲动的?

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Background: The current study explored the relationship between fighting behavior and passage of time, across games and seasons, in an attempt to assess if violent behavior in hockey is impulsive or intentional.Hypothesis: Before engaging in fighting behavior, players assess the utility of their actions and thus will fight less when the game is on the line (third period) and when champions are crowned (postseason).Methods: An archival exploration utilizing open access databases from multiple Internet sources.Results: During the 2010-2011 National Hockey League (NHL) season, players were significantly less likely to be involved in a fight as the game was coming to a close than in its early stages. In addition, data from the past 10 NHL seasons showed that players were significantly more violent in preseason games than during the regular season. They were also least likely to be involved in a fight during the postseason.Conclusion: The converging evidence suggests that players take into account the penalties associated with fighting and are less likely to engage in violence when the stakes are high, such as at the end of a game or a season. This implies, in turn, that major acts of aggression in the league are more likely to be calculated rather than impulsive. The findings suggest that a more punitive system should diminish fighting behavior markedly.
机译:背景:当前的研究探讨了跨游戏和跨季节战斗行为与时间流逝之间的关系,旨在评估曲棍球的暴力行为是冲动的还是故意的。假设:在进行战斗行为之前,玩家需要评估他们的效用行动,因此在比赛进行中(第三阶段)和冠军加冕(季后赛)时战斗较少。方法:利用来自多个互联网来源的开放访问数据库进行档案探索。结果:2010-2011年全国曲棍球联赛(NHL)赛季,由于比赛即将结束,因此与比赛初期相比,参与比赛的可能性大大降低。此外,过去10个NHL赛季的数据显示,与常规赛相比,球员在季前赛中的暴力程度明显更高。结论:越来越多的证据表明,玩家考虑到了与战斗有关的处罚,并且在赌注很高的时候(例如在最后),他们不太可能参与暴力活动。一个游戏或一个赛季。反过来,这意味着联盟中的主要侵略行为更有可能是经过计算的,而不是冲动的。研究结果表明,更具惩罚性的系统应明显减少战斗行为。

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