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Drill baby drill: An analysis of how energy development displaced ranching's dominance over the BLM's subgovernment policymaking environment.

机译:演习婴儿钻探:分析能源开发如何取代牧场在BLM的次政府决策环境中的主导地位。

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摘要

Academic literature analyzing the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) land-use subgovernment stops at the Taylor Grazing Act and concludes that the historical development of administering grazing on public lands led to the capture of the BLM by ranching interests. Using a two-pronged methodological approach of process tracing and elite interviews this dissertation seeks to advance our collective knowledge of subgovernment theory by (a) clarifying the impact executive decision-making has on subgovernments and (b) identifying the conditions under which strategically competitive behavior between two competing subgovernment actors occurs. The dissertation seeks to update the literature by explaining what has caused the BLM to shift from a rancher-dominated agency to an energy dominated agency by identifying conditions under which subgovernment actors strategically respond to a political conflict.The research poses two questions: (1) how have executive actions disrupted an existing balance of power in a so-called "strong corner" of an entrenched subgovernment system and (2) what happens when conflict and competition break out between allied members of the system? Analysis indicates that as the BLM responded to Executive actions emphasizing domestic energy production, a conflict emerged between traditional allies: ranching and energy.Triggered by the unintended consequence of awakening long-dormant legislation, split-estate energy development---where property rights are severed between private surface and federal mineral estates---expanded across the West. In turn, this expansion helped establish the conditions for conflict and in doing so disrupted the balance of power between large public resource use interests in the relatively stable land-use subgovernment of the BLM.Indicative of energy's emerging dominance of the BLM's subgovernment, split-estate energy development led ranching interests to seek the protection of their Western state legislatures. This shift in domination led to a series of fiercely competitive political responses between the formerly allied interest groups.I argue that as political conflict intensified it is clear that the BLM's land-use policies are no longer dominated by ranching interests, but are now dominated by energy development interests. The analysis concludes that this shift in domination disproves the long accepted conclusion that the BLM is forever an agency captured by ranching interests.
机译:分析土地管理局(BLM)土地使用局的学术文献始于《泰勒放牧法》,并得出结论,对公共土地实行放牧管理的历史发展导致通过利益分配来占领土地管理局。本论文采用过程跟踪和精英访谈两种方法,试图通过(a)阐明行政决策对子政府的影响,以及(b)确定战略竞争行为的条件,来提高我们对子政府理论的集体知识。在两个竞争的子政府角色之间发生。本论文旨在通过解释导致次要管理者从牧场主主导机构转变为能源主导机构的原因来更新文献,方法是确定次政府行为者对政治冲突做出战略性反应的条件。该研究提出了两个问题:(1)行政行动如何在根深蒂固的子政府系统的所谓“强角”中破坏现有的权力平衡?(2)当系统的盟国之间爆发冲突和竞争时会发生什么?分析表明,当BLM对强调国内能源生产的行政行动做出回应时,传统盟友之间出现了冲突:牧场和能源之间的冲突因唤醒长期休眠立法的意料之外的后果而分裂了能源发展-那里的产权在私人地表和联邦矿产之间被切断-遍布整个西方。反过来,这种扩张为冲突创造了条件,并破坏了BLM相对稳定的土地利用子政府中大型公共资源使用利益之间的力量平衡。表明BLM子政府的能源正在逐渐占据主导地位,房地产能源开发导致牧场主利益集团寻求对西方国家立法机构的保护。统治的这种转变导致了先前盟军利益集团之间的一系列激烈的竞争性政治反应。我认为,随着政治冲突的加剧,BLM的土地使用政策不再由牧场利益主导,而现在由土地利益主导。能源发展利益。分析得出的结论是,这种支配地位的变化证明了BLM永远是被利益驱逐所俘获的代理机构这一长期公认的结论。

著录项

  • 作者

    Forbis, Robert Earl, Jr.;

  • 作者单位

    The University of Utah.;

  • 授予单位 The University of Utah.;
  • 学科 Political Science General.Political Science Public Administration.Energy.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2010
  • 页码 279 p.
  • 总页数 279
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

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