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Technology, nature, humanity: The meaning of being-human in the thoughts of later Dewey and later Heidegger (John Dewey, Martin Heidegger).

机译:技术,自然,人性:在后来的杜威和后来的海德格尔(约翰·杜威,马丁·海德格尔)的思想中,人性化的含义。

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摘要

During the 20th century technology and nature (environment) have come to the fore as two of the most salient issues facing humanity. As such, there has been an ongoing discourse in the fields of philosophy of technology and of environment. Nevertheless, existing discussions seem to fall short, insofar as they mostly treat the two issues separately, and with a bias toward the dominantly anti-anthropocentric, post-modernistic, post-technological perspective.; This dissertation therefore aims to more radically and comprehensively examine the triangular relationship of technology-nature-humanity, with a special focus on the meaning of being-human. To this end, this dissertation deals with the later thought of John Dewey and Martin Heidegger, two of the most prominent philosophers of the 20th century, whose extensive dealings with the issue of technology-nature-humanity represent distinct notions of being-human.; In executing the proposed task, this dissertation starts with an exposition and examination of Dewey's and Heidegger's respective conceptions of the nature, meaning, and significance of the technology-nature-humanity relationship, and proceeds with a comparison and critique of the distinct conceptions of the two thinkers.; Concerning the technology-humanity relationship, this dissertation finds problems with both Dewey's instrumental-anthropological conception and Heidegger's anti-instrumental, anti-anthropological conception, insofar as the former romanticizes the democratic aspect of technological civilization and the latter propounds the subjection of human will.; Likewise, concerning the nature-humanity relationship, this dissertation finds problems with both Dewey's anthropomorphic viewpoint and Heidegger's anti-anthropocentric viewpoint, insofar as both attack the confrontational stance of humanity against nature.; Finally, concerning the meaning of being-human, this dissertation finds problems with both Dewey's humanistic conception and Heidegger's anti-humanistic conception, both of which tend to degrade the meaning of human dignity.; This dissertation concludes with a proposal for a genuinely anthropocentric, yet anti-humanitarian, outlook for the future of technology-nature-humanity relationship. It is suggested that humanity posit the goal of technological self-reconstruction, and that it strive to progressively conquer the natural constraints. It is further suggested that total mobilization of humanity toward the envisioned future demands an intellectual aristocracy, with its faith in a yet-to-come humanity.; Therefore, this dissertation hopes to make a contribution toward a 21 st-century truly human culture triumphant.
机译:在20世纪,技术和自然(环境)作为人类面临的两个最突出的问题而脱颖而出。因此,在技术和环境哲学领域中一直在进行论述。然而,现有的讨论似乎没有达到,因为它们大多将两个问题分开对待,并且偏向于以反人类为中心的,后现代主义的,后技术的观点。因此,本论文旨在更彻底,更全面地研究技术-自然-人类的三角关系,特别关注人类的意义。为此,本文论述了20世纪最杰出的两个哲学家约翰·杜威和马丁·海德格尔的后期思想,他们对技术,自然,人性问题的广泛论述代表了关于人性化的不同概念。在执行拟议的任务时,本文首先对杜威和海德格尔分别对技术,自然与人文关系的性质,含义和重要性的概念进行阐述和考察,然后对这种技术的不同概念进行比较和批判。两个思想家。关于技术与人类的关系,本文发现杜威的工具人类学概念和海德格尔的反工具,人类学概念都存在问题,只要前者浪漫化了技术文明的民主方面,而后者则提出了人类意志的提出。 ;同样,关于自然与人的关系,本文发现杜威的拟人观点和海德格尔的反拟人观点都存在问题,只要它们都攻击了人类对自然的对抗立场。最后,关于人性的涵义,本论文发现了杜威的人本主义观念和海德格尔的反人本主义观念的问题,这两者都倾向于降低人的尊严。本论文最后提出了关于真正的以人为本但又反人道主义的技术-自然-人文关系前景的建议。有人建议人类提出技术自我重建的目标,并努力逐步克服自然的限制。进一步建议,为实现设想的未来而全面动员人类,需要知识上的贵族,并坚信尚未出现的人类。因此,本论文希望为21世纪人类文化的胜利做出贡献。

著录项

  • 作者

    Jeon, Sanghwa.;

  • 作者单位

    Temple University.;

  • 授予单位 Temple University.;
  • 学科 Philosophy.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2005
  • 页码 217 p.
  • 总页数 217
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 B0;
  • 关键词

  • 入库时间 2022-08-17 11:41:55

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