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The truth of love and the love of truth: The philosophical relevance of eros and philia in Plato's 'Lysis' and 'Phaedrus'.

机译:爱的真相与真理的真相:柏拉图的《 Lysis》和《 Phaedrus》中爱与爱的哲学意义。

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摘要

In this dissertation, I trace the relations that Plato portrays among eros, philia, and philosophy. I address three questions. The first concerns the relationship between eros and philia : how are they related to one another? Plato himself suggests this approach through constantly interweaving them, but modern scholarship has largely missed this. Chapter 2 explores this modern scholarship. In chapters 3 and 4, I examine Plato's representation of eros and philia in Lysis and Phaedrus, where we find eros to be repeatedly framed in terms of its relation to philia, and vice versa, so that to define these terms and their relationship to one another in a fixed way would be to miss precisely what Plato finds most interesting about them.; My second question concerns the role of eros and philia: what can we learn about them by noticing not only what is said about them in the dialogues, but also how they function within the dynamics of the philosophical endeavor? Socrates' peculiar understanding and practice of eros and philia direct him to his interlocutors and determine the ways in which he conducts himself toward them. Eros and philia, for Plato, draw people into philosophizing together in a profoundly unsettled and unsettling experience of the dynamic, transcendent character of desire.; My third question concerns the consequences of eros and philia for what philosophy achieves: what imprint do they leave on people's conceptual structures and practical orientations? Socrates frequently reveals that his interlocutors' fixed, static self-understanding is rooted in a set of metaphysical assumptions that interpret reality itself in a rigid, polarized way. Socrates ruthlessly points out the metaphysical puzzles that result from such rigid categorizations, and suggests dynamically conceived alternatives, repeatedly returning to a vision of reality in which those bound together by eros and philia experience this (if they understand and practice correctly) as belonging together in shared striving---striving for what is ultimately akin to all who strive in this way.
机译:在这篇论文中,我追溯了柏拉图描绘的色情,哲学和哲学之间的关系。我要解决三个问题。第一个问题涉及爱罗斯和爱丽丝之间的关系:它们之间如何相互联系?柏拉图本人建议通过不断地将它们交织在一起来提出这种方法,但是现代学者在很大程度上没有做到这一点。第2章探讨了这种现代学术。在第3章和第4章中,我研究了柏拉图在Lysis和Phaedrus中对eros和philia的表示,从中我们发现eros在其与philia的关系上反复被构架,反之亦然,以便定义这些术语及其与一个人的关系。另一个固定的方法就是精确地错过柏拉图对他们最感兴趣的东西。我的第二个问题是爱与爱的角色:我们不仅可以在对话中注意到他们的话,还可以在哲学努力的过程中发挥作用,从而从中学到什么?苏格拉底对色情和爱丽丝的独特理解和实践将他引向了对话者,并决定了他如何对待对话者。对于柏拉图来说,爱神和爱乐思将人们带入一种哲学中,他们对欲望的动感,超然特征产生了深刻的,动荡不安的体验。我的第三个问题是关于爱罗斯和菲利亚对什么哲学成就的后果:它们在人们的概念结构和实践取向上留下什么烙印?苏格拉底经常揭示出,他的对话者的固定的,静态的自我理解源于一系列形而上学的假设,这些假设以僵化,两极化的方式解释了现实本身。苏格拉底无情地指出了这种僵化的分类所产生的形而上学难题,并提出了动态构想的替代方案,反复回到现实的视野中,其中被爱若斯和爱丽丝束缚在一起的人(如果他们正确理解并实践)经历了这种共处,共同的奋斗-追求最终类似于所有以这种方式奋斗的人们。

著录项

  • 作者

    Reppmann, Aron Dov.;

  • 作者单位

    Loyola University Chicago.;

  • 授予单位 Loyola University Chicago.;
  • 学科 Literature Classical.; Philosophy.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2006
  • 页码 237 p.
  • 总页数 237
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 I1;B0;
  • 关键词

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