首页> 外文会议>System Sciences (HICSS-43), 2010 >Explaining the Global Digital Divide: The Impact of Public Policy Initiatives on Digital Opportunity and ICT Development
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Explaining the Global Digital Divide: The Impact of Public Policy Initiatives on Digital Opportunity and ICT Development

机译:解释全球数字鸿沟:公共政策举措对数字机会和ICT发展的影响

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The development of affordable information and communication technologies (ICTs) over the past 25 years has created an environment for people across the globe to have greater access to telecommunication and Internet services. Much of the previous research suggests that these technological advances have mostly exacerbated existing inequalities between developed and developing nations and created new inequalities within societies between the information rich and poor. There seems to be very little research, however, that provides comprehensive explanations for the global digital divide and, in particular, the impact of national public policy initiatives that seek to expand access to ICTs. Most of these studies have tended to be either largely descriptive, qualitative case studies, or quantitative analyses that have had a very narrow concept of ICTs. Our research examines the digital divide by analyzing the impact of national policies in the form of strategic planning, regulation and investment on the International Telecommunications Union's Digital Opportunity Index and ICT access and use indicators in approximately 150 countries. Our multivariate regression analysis shows that when controlling for measures of economic, political, social and educational development, there is greater digital opportunity and greater overall technology adoption and use in countries that have competition to provide basic telecommunication services and make a higher financial investment in ICT development.
机译:在过去25年中,在过去25年中的经济适用信息和通信技术(ICT)为全球人员创造了一个环境,以便更加接近电信和互联网服务。以前的大部分研究表明,这些技术进步大部分地加剧了发达国家和发展中国家之间的现有不平等,并在富裕和穷人的信息之间创造了社会之间的新不等式。然而,似乎很少研究,为全球数字鸿沟提供了全面的解释,特别是国家公共政策倡议的影响,寻求扩大对信息通信技术的进球。这些研究中的大多数往往是在很大程度上是描述性的,定性的案例研究,或者具有非常狭隘的ICT概念的定量分析。我们的研究通过分析了国家政策的影响,以战略规划,监管和投资的形式分析了国际电信联盟的数字机会指数和ICT访问,并在大约150个国家使用指标的影响,分析了国家政策的影响。我们的多元回归分析表明,当控制经济,政治,社会和教育发展措施时,在有竞争提供基本电信服务的国家和更高的国家的各国具有更大的数字机会和更大的整体技术采用,以及对ICT进行更高的金融投资发展。

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