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Community Governance in Decontamination Policy after the Fukushima Nuclear Accident: Two Case Studies from the Naka-dori Region, Fukushima, Japan

机译:福岛核事故后的净化政策中的社区治理:日本福岛福岛地区的两种案例研究

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The aim of this study is to explore the influence of community governance on the determination and implementation of decontamination policies in local communities, focusing on Miharu Town and Koriyama City in the Naka-dori region of Fukushima Prefecture. This study is based on fieldwork undertaken in Miharu Town and Koriyama City. Data were gathered from local documents and interviews. Interviews were conducted with the municipal administrations and neighbourhood associations in charge of post-accident decontamination policies. The results showed that the procedures and contents of the resulting decontamination policies were formulated on the basis of organizational cooperation among municipal administrations and neighbourhood associations in both municipalities. Immediately after the accident, neighbourhood associations participated in the process of determining the decontamination policies of these two municipalities. Networks comprising several neighbourhood associations tackled decontamination in educational facilities and along school routes. In some districts, neighbourhood associations participated in decisions on location and management of temporary storage yards for waste generated by decontamination work. In addition to these institutional factors, land-use-related factors in the spaces used in daily life influenced the procedures and contents of the decontamination policies. These defined the differences between methods of establishing temporary storage yards in Miharu Town and Koriyama City. Our findings suggest that the relationship between community governance and land use deserves more attention in this case, as in the case of other environment problems.
机译:本研究的目的是探讨社区治理对当地社区中净化政策的决定和实施的影响,重点关注福岛县纳卡多尔里地区的Miharu镇和Koriyama City。本研究基于Miharu镇和韩山城的实地考察。数据从本地文件和访谈收集。采访是与市政主管部门和邻里协会进行的,负责事故后净化政策。结果表明,由市政管理部门和邻里协会的组织合作的基础上制定了所得净化政策的程序和内容。事故发生后立即,邻里协会参加了确定这两个城市的净化政策的过程。包括多个邻里联想的网络,在教育设施和校区路线中解决了净化。在某些地区,邻里协会参加了临时储存码的地点和管理的决定,用于废除污染工作。除了这些制度因素外,日常生活中使用的空间中的土地利用相关因素影响了净化政策的程序和内容。这些定义了在Miharu镇建立临时储存码的方法差异。我们的研究结果表明,在这种情况下,社区治理和土地利用之间的关系应该更加关注,就像其他环境问题一样。

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