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首页> 外文期刊>Open Journal of Preventive Medicine >The Provision of Active After-School Clubs for Children in English Primary Schools: Implications for Increasing Children’s Physical Activity
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The Provision of Active After-School Clubs for Children in English Primary Schools: Implications for Increasing Children’s Physical Activity

机译:在英语小学为儿童提供活跃的课后俱乐部:对增加儿童体育锻炼的影响

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Introduction: The transition from primary to secondary school is a period when physical activity (PA) declines. Interventions delivered during curriculum time have had limited impact on PA. The after-school period may offer a valuable opportunity to increase children’s PA. In order to identify how best to implement after-school PA interventions for older primary school children, more information regarding the provision of after-school clubs is required. This paper examined the current after-school club provision of English primary schools. Methods: All state-funded primary schools in England (n = 15,307) were sent an online questionnaire in two phases during 2013. Schools were asked about the active and non-active after-school clubs on offer to year 5 and year 6 pupils and the days on which they run, the number of children attending each after-school club, who funds the club and who leads the club. Results: Responding schools (501) were reasonably representative of the national profile. Of the 2413 clubs reported, more non-active than active clubs (5.3 vs. 4.8 per school) were described. Football was the most frequently reported activity (offered by 79.5% of schools), with netball and dance being offered by 45.3% and 44.1% of schools, respectively. A high proportion of clubs was funded by schools or parents (88.6%) and more than 40% were led by external parties. Conclusions: A number of PA programmes are provided after-school but current provision is dominated by team sports and thus, there is a need for non-sport specific PA clubs. Furthermore, there is a need to find cost-effective methods of delivering after-school PA programmes.
机译:简介:从小学到中学的过渡是体育活动(PA)下降的时期。在课程期间进行的干预对PA的影响有限。课余时间可能为增加儿童的PA提供了宝贵的机会。为了确定如何最好地对年龄较大的小学生实施课后PA干预,需要提供有关课后俱乐部的更多信息。本文研究了当前英语小学课后俱乐部的规定。方法:2013年期间,分两个阶段向英格兰的所有国立资助小学(n = 15307)进行了在线问卷调查。向学校询问了向5年级和6年级学生提供的活跃和非活跃课余俱乐部。他们经营的日子,参加每个课后俱乐部的孩子人数,为俱乐部提供资金以及领导俱乐部的人数。结果:响应学校(501)可以合理地代表国家概况。在报告的2413个俱乐部中,非活跃俱乐部比活跃俱乐部更多(每所学校分别为5.3和4.8)。足球是最常报告的活动(占学校的79.5%),无板篮球和舞蹈分别占学校的45.3%和44.1%。俱乐部的很大一部分是由学校或家长资助的(占88.6%),而超过40%的则由外部团体领导。结论:放学后提供了许多PA计划,但目前的安排主要是团队运动,因此,需要非运动专用的PA俱乐部。此外,有必要找到一种经济有效的方法来实施课余的PA课程。

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