【2h】

Do surrounding figures emotions affect judgment of the target figures emotion? Comparing the eye-movement patterns of European Canadians Asian Canadians Asian international students and Japanese

机译:周围人物的情绪会影响目标人物情绪的判断吗?比较欧洲加拿大人亚裔加拿大人亚裔国际学生和日本人的眼动模式

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摘要

Although the effect of context on cognition is observable across cultures, preliminary findings suggest that when asked to judge the emotion of a target model's facial expression, East Asians are more likely than their North American counterparts to be influenced by the facial expressions of surrounding others (Masuda et al., ). Cultural psychologists discuss this cultural variation in affective emotional context under the rubric of holistic vs. analytic thought, independent vs. interdependent self-construals, and socially disengaged vs. socially engaged emotion (e.g., Mesquita and Markus, ). We demonstrate that this effect is generalizable even when (1) photos of real facial emotions are used, (2) the saliency of the target model's emotion is attenuated, and (3) a specific amount of observation time is allocated. We further demonstrate that the experience plays an important role in producing cultural variations in the affective context effect on cognition.
机译:尽管在不同文化中均可观察到语境对认知的影响,但初步发现表明,当被要求判断目标模型面部表情的情感时,东亚人比北美同行更容易受到周围其他人面部表情的影响( Masuda等,)。文化心理学家在整体性与分析性思维,独立性与相互依存的自我建构,以及社交性与社交性相交的情感(例如梅斯基塔和马库斯)的专栏下讨论了情感情感环境中的这种文化差异。我们证明了即使在(1)使用真实面部表情的照片,(2)目标模型的情感的显着性减弱以及(3)分配了特定数量的观察时间的情况下,这种效果也可以推广。我们进一步证明,经验在情感背景对认知的影响中产生文化变异方面起着重要作用。

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