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Stepping outside the box: Traditional knowledge, folklore, indigenous textiles and cultural appropriation---Is there room for folklore protection under intellectual property law?

机译:跳出框框:传统知识,民间文学艺术,本土纺织品和文化专有权-知识产权法是否有保护民间文学艺术的空间?

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摘要

The protection of folklore is contentious. This stems from differing perceptions of the meaning and value of folklore to different countries and ethnic groups. Folklore is unique because it is viewed not only as part of a community's culture but also as a commodity. By focusing on traditional textiles as a branch of folklore, this dissertation examines the importance of traditional textiles, the practice of culture appropriation and the right legal mechanism for the protection of traditional textiles.;In conclusion, this thesis recommends a consideration of sui generis options for traditional textiles protection. It also proposes that there should be international cooperation to strengthen folklore protection. Last, it recommends that it is time for the perception of traditional designs as part of the public domain to be corrected.;Specifically, this dissertation argues that not all works of folklore are a part of the public domain and that adopting a contrary view may contribute to the appropriation of traditional designs. Further, it might erode the value of the respective culture and may even result in the complete loss of culture. It argues further that the West should not be too ready to dismiss the importance of folklore to indigenous communities. Rather, cultural diversity should be acknowledged and respected. This thesis also argues that the philosophies justifying intellectual property protection do not necessarily exclude the protection of traditional textile designs. Rather, the tension in 'fitting' traditional textiles protection under the intellectual property umbrella arises from the manner in which intellectual property has been traditionally drafted under international law and national legislation. It challenges the view that protecting folklore will obstruct progress in the arts and stifle creativity.
机译:保护民间文学艺术是有争议的。这源于对民间文学艺术对不同国家和民族的意义和价值的不同理解。民俗学是独特的,因为它不仅被视为社区文化的一部分,而且被视为一种商品。通过将传统纺织品作为民间文学艺术的一个分支,本文考察了传统纺织品的重要性,文化专有权的实践以及保护传统纺织品的正确法律机制。最后,本文建议对特殊选择进行考虑。用于传统纺织品的保护。它还建议应该进行国际合作,以加强对民间文学艺术的保护。最后,它建议现在是时候纠正对传统设计作为公共领域一部分的看法。;特别是,本文认为并非所有民俗作品都是公共领域的一部分,采用相反的观点可能会有助于挪用传统设计。此外,它可能侵蚀相应文化的价值,甚至可能导致文化的完全丧失。它进一步论证说,西方国家不应该太乐于放弃民间文学艺术对土著社区的重要性。相反,应该承认和尊重文化多样性。本文还认为,证明知识产权保护合理的哲学并不一定排除对传统纺织品设计的保护。相反,在知识产权保护下“适应”传统纺织品保护的张力源自传统上根据国际法和国家立法起草知识产权的方式。它质疑保护民间文学艺术将阻碍艺术进步并扼杀创造力的观点。

著录项

  • 作者

    Asmah, Josephine.;

  • 作者单位

    University of Ottawa (Canada).;

  • 授予单位 University of Ottawa (Canada).;
  • 学科 Law.
  • 学位 LL.D.
  • 年度 2010
  • 页码 338 p.
  • 总页数 338
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

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