Civil or Un-Civil Society? Islamist Identity, Democracy and Civil Society in Contemporary Surakarta




This article attempts to analyze the development of an ideology of Islamism that rejects the political system of democracy through the reasoning of civil society. As a study of civil society and democracy, this article has significance in understanding the complexities of democratic practice in the scope of the identity of Islamist groups post-democratization in Indonesia. The proliferation of Islamist movements in grassroots communities in Indonesia is a unique phenomenon that has a dualistic meaning. On the one hand, Islamist opposition to the democratic system can be a threat to the continuance of evolving democratic theory. On the other hand, the actions they do have a good tendency in running the logic of democracy by realizing positive law as the reference in conveying their aspirations. This article was held on several examples of cases of Islamist groups in Surakarta namely Laskar Umat Islam Surakarta. Based on intensive field studies and in-depth interviews with the movement figures, this study reveals that the existence of Islamists in Surakarta is still in line with the big narrative of civil society ideas, i.e., good society, social life and free public sphere. In case of expressing aspiration, Islamism activists try to make a mass rallies, lobbying with stakeholders, involving the security apparatus, political bargaining, and setting up legal communities, which these all are some reasonable endeavors as part of civil society in a democratic country. Therefore, remind them of the idea of democracy as well as follow the democratic practice that can be a trigger for legal awareness for a democratic society in Indonesia.
机译:本文试图分析伊斯兰主义意识形态的发展,通过“民间社会”拒绝民主政治制度。作为民间社会和民主的研究,本文对伊斯兰集团在印度尼西亚民主化后的伊斯兰主义群体的身份范围内了解民主实践的复杂性。印度尼西亚基层社区的伊斯兰运动的扩散是具有二元意义的独特现象。一方面,伊斯兰主义反对民主制度可能对发展民主理论的持续存在威胁。另一方面,他们所做的行动通过实现积极的法律作为传达愿望的参考来运行民主逻辑的良好倾向。本文举行了Surakarta伊斯兰教团体案件的几例,即Laskar Umat Islam Surakarta。基于密集的现场研究和对运动数据的深入访谈,本研究表明,赛卡拉塔的伊斯兰主义者的存在仍然符合民间社会思想的大叙述,即良好的社会,社会生活和自由公共领域。在表达愿望的情况下,伊斯兰教活动家试图弥补群众,与利益攸关方一起游说,涉及安全装置,政治谈判和建立法律社区,这些都是民主国家民间社会的一部分的合理努力。因此,提醒他们民主的想法,并遵循民主惯例,这可能是印度尼西亚民主社会的法律意识的触发。



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