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Value capture in protected areas from the perspective of common-pool resource governance: A case study of Jiuzhai Valley National Park, China

机译:公共池资源治理视角下保护区的价值捕获 - 以九寨谷国家公园为例

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Central government budgets are generally accepted as being a crucial source of financial support for most protected areas because the entire population is deemed to be the beneficiary of heritage protection. In value capture theory, however, the benefit redistribution (including value capture and compensation) inside protected areas also merits attention. In this paper, we first structure the value capture mechanism inside protected areas and compare four resource governance models (Leviathan, privatization, self-organized governance and self organized governance in which local government intervenes) based on the capture approach, transaction cost and application condition. Theoretically, as a new resource governance model, self-organized governance in which local government intervenes is more suitable for the value capture of protected areas in developing authoritarian countries. We use Jiuzhai Valley National Park in China as an empirical case study. After reviewing the institutional changes and value capture mechanism, we evaluate the equity and benefit of value capture in Jiuzhai Valley National Park and argue that self-organized governance in which local government intervenes achieves the goals of social justice and heritage protection.
机译:中央政府预算普遍认为是对大多数保护区的财政支持至关重要的资金,因为整个人口被视为成为遗产保护的受益者。然而,在价值捕获理论中,保护区内的利益再分配(包括价值捕获和补偿)也值得关注。在本文中,我们首先构建了保护区内的价值捕获机制,并比较了四种资源治理模型(利维坦,私有化,自组织治理和自组织治理,其中当地政府介入)基于捕获方法,交易成本和应用条件。从理论上讲,作为一种新的资源治理模式,自组织治理,其中当地政府干预更适合发展专制国家的保护区的价值捕获。我们在中国使用九寨谷国家公园作为实证案例研究。在审查机构变迁和价值捕获机制后,我们评估了九寨谷国家公园价值捕获的股权和利益,并认为当地政府干预的自我组织治理实现了社会正义和遗产保护的目标。

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