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Gender differences in computer attitudes and the choice of technology-related occupations in a sample of secondary students in Spain

机译:西班牙中学生样本中计算机态度和技术相关职业选择的性别差异

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The dearth of women in technology and ICT-related fields continues to be a topic of interest for both the scientific community and decision-makers. Research on attitudes towards computers proves that women display more negative computer attitudes than men and also make less intense use of technology and computers than their male counterparts. For this reason, the main aims of this study are threefold. Firstly, to analyze the existence of gender differences in three dimensions of computer attitudes in a group of 550 secondary students in Spain (mean of age = 15 years old; SD = 1.73). Secondly, to study the moderating influence of a group of contextual variables on those gender differences in computer attitudes. And thirdly, to examine the predictive role of computer attitudes on the intention to pursue technology-related occupations. Some of the analyses of variance carried out show more positive computer attitudes in boys than in girls. These differences are more salient among students coming from rural areas and the upper social class, who are also enrolled in the domain of technology in secondary education, and whose mothers have no occupation outside the home. Finally, simple logistic regressions were carried out in order to prove that all dimensions of computer attitudes predict the enrollment intentions to pursue technology-related occupations. Nonetheless, gender only moderates the relationship between the cognitive dimension of computer attitudes and the enrollment intentions to pursue technology-related occupations.
机译:妇女在技术和与ICT相关领域的匮乏仍然是科学界和决策者关注的话题。对计算机态度的研究证明,与男性相比,女性对计算机的态度较消极,对技术和计算机的使用也较少。因此,本研究的主要目的是三方面的。首先,分析西班牙550名中学生(平均年龄= 15岁; SD = 1.73)在计算机态度的三个维度上性别差异的存在。其次,研究一组上下文变量对计算机态度中的性别差异的调节作用。第三,研究计算机态度对从事技术相关职业的意图的预测作用。进行的一些方差分析显示,男孩比女孩更积极的计算机态度。这些差异在来自农村地区和上层社会阶层的学生中更为明显,他们也被中学技术领域所录取,并且母亲没有外出工作。最后,进行了简单的逻辑回归,以证明计算机态度的所有维度都可以预测从事技术相关职业的入学意愿。但是,性别只会缓和计算机态度的认知维度与从事技术相关职业的入学意愿之间的关系。

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