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In defence of thought stopping

机译:捍卫思想停滞

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摘要

Thought stopping (TS) has a long and established history as an effective mental control technique among the cognitive behavioural therapies (CBT). Recent claims have arisen, particularly from acceptance and mindfulness-based authors, that thought suppression - and therefore TS - is counterproductive. These claims take the syllogistic form: TS is a form of thought suppression. All thought suppression is counterproductive. Therefore TS is counterproductive. This paper examines the evidence for and against each of these propositions, covering the literature related to anxiety, depression, exposure therapy, and the special case of obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is concluded that TS is a very particular form of thought suppression. Undifferentiated thought suppression has mixed and mild effects on psychopathological mental states, but TS can be highly effective if it is applied judiciously within a CBT model. It can enhance a person's coping repertoire. And this effect appears to be stronger than any possible concurrent dilution of habituation effects in exposure therapy.
机译:作为认知行为疗法(CBT)中有效的心理控制技术,思维停止(TS)具有悠久的历史。最近提出的主张,特别是来自接受和正念的作者的主张,即思想抑制-因此TS-适得其反。这些声明采用三段论形式:TS是思想抑制的一种形式。所有的思想抑制都是适得其反的。因此,TS适得其反。本文研究了支持和反对这些命题的证据,涵盖了与焦虑,抑郁,暴露疗法以及强迫症特殊情况有关的文献。结论是,TS是一种非常特殊的思想抑制形式。未分化的思想抑制对心理病理性精神状态产生不同程度的混合影响,但如果在CBT模型中明智地应用TS,TS可以非常有效。它可以增强一个人的应对能力。而且这种作用似乎比暴露疗法中任何可能同时出现的习惯作用稀释作用都强。

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