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Cooperation Is Not Enough—Exploring Social-Ecological Micro-Foundations for Sustainable Common-Pool Resource Use

机译:合作还远远不够—探索可持续利用公共池资源的社会生态微观基础

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摘要

Cooperation amongst resource users holds the key to overcoming the social dilemma that characterizes community-based common-pool resource management. But is cooperation alone enough to achieve sustainable resource use? The short answer is no. Developing management strategies in a complex social-ecological environment also requires ecological knowledge and approaches to deal with perceived environmental uncertainty. Recent behavioral experimental research indicates variation in the degree to which a group of users can identify a sustainable exploitation level. In this paper, we identify social-ecological micro-foundations that facilitate cooperative sustainable common-pool resource use. We do so by using an agent-based model (ABM) that is informed by behavioral common-pool resource experiments. In these experiments, groups that cooperate do not necessarily manage the resource sustainably, but also over- or underexploit. By reproducing the patterns of the behavioral experiments in a qualitative way, the ABM represents a social-ecological explanation for the experimental observations. We find that the ecological knowledge of each group member cannot sufficiently explain the relationship between cooperation and sustainable resource use. Instead, the development of a sustainable exploitation level depends on the distribution of ecological knowledge among the group members, their influence on each other’s knowledge, and the environmental uncertainty the individuals perceive. The study provides insights about critical social-ecological micro-foundations underpinning collective action and sustainable resource management. These insights may inform policy-making, but also point to future research needs regarding the mechanisms of social learning, the development of shared management strategies and the interplay of social and ecological uncertainty.
机译:资源用户之间的合作是克服以社区为基础的公共池资源管理所特有的社会困境的关键。但是,仅合作一项就足以实现可持续的资源利用吗?最简洁的答案是不。在复杂的社会生态环境中制定管理策略还需要生态知识和方法来应对感知到的环境不确定性。最近的行为实验研究表明,一组用户确定可持续利用水平的程度有所不同。在本文中,我们确定了促进合作可持续公共池资源使用的社会生态微观基础。通过使用基于行为公共池资源实验的基于代理的模型(ABM),我们可以做到这一点。在这些实验中,合作的团队并不一定能可持续地管理资源,但也可能过度利用或利用不足。通过定性地再现行为实验的模式,ABM代表了对实验观察的社会生态学解释。我们发现,每个小组成员的生态知识都不能充分解释合作与可持续资源利用之间的关系。相反,可持续开发水平的提高取决于小组成员之间生态知识的分布,他们对彼此知识的影响以及个人所感知的环境不确定性。该研究提供了有关关键的社会生态微观基础的见解,这些基础是集体行动和可持续资源管理的基础。这些见解可以为决策提供依据,但也指出了关于社会学习机制,共享管理策略的发展以及社会与生态不确定性之间相互作用的未来研究需求。

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