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Metaphysical insideoutness: An interpretation of overcoming metaphysics in the history of Western philosophy, with special emphasis on Jacques Derrida, and its application to the thought of Friedrich Schleiermacher.

机译:形而上学的内在:对西方哲学史上克服形而上学的一种解释,特别着重于雅克·德里达(Jacques Derrida)及其在弗里德里希·施莱尔马赫(Friedrich Schleiermacher)思想中的应用。

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摘要

I approach the issue of overcoming metaphysics from the double perspective called “metaphysical insideoutness.” On the one hand, acknowledging the impossibility of complete overcoming of metaphysics, it opts for constant overcoming of one metaphysics with another. On the other hand, it acknowledges some ways of stepping outside metaphysics from inside. I start with the development of metaphysics from Aristotle until the 18th century and, then, interpret modern instances of overcoming metaphysics from the viewpoint of my perspective. I consider Descartes, British empiricism, Kant, Husserl, Heidegger, and others, but give special emphasis to Jacques Derrida, who exemplifies this position paradigmatically by means of his grammatological metaphysics, which, yet, is so fashioned that also reaches outside metaphysics. The overcoming occurs when metaphysical contrasts create quasi-concepts (différance , trace, khora, et al.), which do not belong either to inside, or outside of metaphysics, but inhabit some oscillating non-space in-between. The remaining and largest part of the dissertation applies my interpretative scheme to the thought of Friedrich Schleiermacher, who also addressed metaphysical questions in the lectures on dialectics and worked to overcome metaphysics in theology. Schleiermacher completes metaphysics in several ways: overcoming rationalist speculation with his theory of empirical speculation; overcoming Kant's metaphysics and its “gap” between theoretical and practical realms; overcoming traditional metaphysics of the opposites with his metaphysics of complementary contrasts, reaching an oscillating identity in difference in self-consciousness. Schleiermacher also overcomes metaphysics in the sense of leaving it behind, e.g., understanding dialectics as heuristic, non-metaphysical logic. But from Schleiermacher's metaphysics of contrasts, much like to Derrida, emerge elements (Gefühl, the Übergang, oscillation, the point zero) which reach outside metaphysics. I also deal with Schleiermacher's ambiguous overcoming of metaphysics in the Glaubenslehre, where he wants to eliminate metaphysics from dogmatics—an experiential, discipline based on the datum of religious consciousness of the concrete historical community. Yet, he acknowledges the impossibility to leave metaphysics behind and allows a formal, instrumental, dialectical role to it. Schleiermacher's suspension of contrasts also applies to philosophy and dogmatics, in-between whom the other of metaphysics may emerge.
机译:我从被称为“形而上的内在外在”的双重视角探讨了克服形而上学的问题。一方面,它认识到不可能完全克服形而上学,因此选择不断地克服一种形而上学与另一种形而上学。另一方面,它承认了从内部走出形而上学的一些方式。我从亚里士多德开始的形而上学发展到18世纪,然后从我的角度解释克服形而上学的现代实例。我考虑了笛卡尔,英国经验主义,康德,胡塞尔,海德格尔等人,但特别强调了雅克·德里达(Jacques Derrida),他通过他的语法形而上学来范式地举例说明这一立场,然而,这种形而上学的方式也是如此,以至于超出了形而上学的范围。当形而上学的对比创造出不属于形而上学内部或外部的准概念(différance,迹线, khora 等)时,就会发生克服。在它们之间居住一些振荡的非空间。论文的其余部分是弗里德里希·施莱尔马赫(Friedrich Schleiermacher)的思想,它也是我的解释方案。弗里德里希·施莱尔马赫(Friedrich Schleiermacher)在辩证法讲座中也谈到了形而上学的问题,并致力于克服神学中的形而上学。施莱尔马赫通过多种方式完成形而上学:用他的经验性投机理论克服理性主义的投机;克服康德的形而上学及其在理论和实践领域之间的“鸿沟”;通过互补的形而上学克服了对立的传统形而上学,在自我意识的差异中达到了一种摇摆不定的身份。 Schleiermacher在抛弃形而上学的意义上也克服了形而上学的不足,例如将辩证法理解为启发式的非形而上学逻辑。但是从施莱尔马赫的对比形而上学(就像德里达一样),出现了到达形而上学之外的元素(GefühlÜbergang,振动,零点)。我还谈到了Schleiermacher在 Glaubenslehre 中克服形而上学的模棱两可之处,他想从教义学中消除形而上学,这是一种经验性的学科,其基础是具体历史社区的宗教意识。然而,他承认不可能抛弃形而上学,并允许对其采取正式的,工具性的,辩证的作用。施莱尔马赫对对比的中止也适用于哲学和教条学,在两者之间可能会出现形而上学。

著录项

  • 作者

    Titans, Normunds.;

  • 作者单位

    Lutheran School of Theology.;

  • 授予单位 Lutheran School of Theology.;
  • 学科 Philosophy.; Religion Philosophy of.; Theology.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2003
  • 页码 385 p.
  • 总页数 385
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 B0;B920;B9;
  • 关键词

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