首页> 外文期刊>Journal of medical Internet research >Discrepancies in Demand of Internet of Things Services Among Older People and People With Disabilities, Their Caregivers, and Health Care Providers: Face-to-Face Survey Study
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Discrepancies in Demand of Internet of Things Services Among Older People and People With Disabilities, Their Caregivers, and Health Care Providers: Face-to-Face Survey Study

机译:老年人和残疾人,护理人员和医疗保健提供者的事物互联网服务需求差异:面对面调查研究

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Background Home Internet of Things (IoT) services and devices have the potential to aid older adults and people with disabilities in their living environments. IoT services and devices can also aid caregivers and health care providers in conveniently providing care to those in need. However, real-world data on the IoT needs of vulnerable people are lacking. Objective The objective of this study is to conduct a face-to-face survey on the demand for IoT services among older people and people with disabilities, their caregivers, and health care providers in a real-world setting and to see if there are any differences in the aspects of need. Methods We conducted a face-to-face survey with 500 participants between January 2019 and March 2019. A total of 300 vulnerable people (200 older adults aged ≥65 years and 100 physically disabled people aged 30-64 years) were randomly sampled from either a population-based, prospective cohort study of aging—the Aging Study of Pyeongchang Rural Area (ASPRA)—or from the outpatient clinics at the Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea. Simultaneously, their caregivers (n=150) and health care providers (n=50) participated in the survey. Detailed socioeconomic status, digital literacy, health and physical function, and home IoT service needs were determined. Among all commercially available IoT services, 27 services were classified into five categories: emergency and security, safety, health care, convenience (information), and convenience (operation). The weighted-ranking method was used to rank the IoT needs in different groups. Results There were discrepancies in the demand of IoT services among the vulnerable groups, their caregivers, and health care providers. The home IoT service category that was required the most by the vulnerable groups and their caregivers was emergency and security. However, health care providers indicated that the safety category was most needed by the older adults and disabled people. Home IoT service requirements differed according to the different types of disabilities among the vulnerable groups. Participants with fewer disabilities were more willing to use IoT services than those with more disabilities. Conclusions Our survey study shows that there were discrepancies in the demand of IoT services among the vulnerable groups, their caregivers, and health care providers. IoT service requirements differed according to the various types of disabilities. Home IoT technology should be established by combining patients’ priorities and individualized functional assessments among vulnerable people. Trial Registration Clinical Research Information Service (CRIS; KCT0004157); https://tinyurl.com/r83eyva
机译:背景家庭物联网(物联网)服务和设备有可能在生活环境中援助老年人和残疾人。物联网服务和设备还可以帮助护理人员和医疗保健提供者方便地为需要的人提供护理。然而,缺乏关于弱势群体的物联网需求的现实数据。目的本研究的目的是对老年人和残疾人,监护者和医疗保健提供者在真实世界的环境中对某些人的需求进行面对面的调查,并查看是否有任何需要的差异。方法我们在2019年1月至2019年3月之间进行了500名参与者的面对面调查。共有300名弱势群体(年龄≥65岁的年龄≥65岁,30-64岁的人数达到100名年龄较大的人)。一种基于人口,前瞻性队列老龄化研究 - 来自韩国首尔的Asan Medical Center的门诊诊所(ASPRA) - Or。同时,他们的护理人员(n = 150)和医疗保健提供者(n = 50)参加了调查。确定了详细的社会经济地位,数字识字,健康和物理功能以及主机服务需求。在所有商业上可获得的物联网服务中,27个服务分为五类:紧急和安全,安全,医疗保健,方便(信息)和便利性(操作)。加权排名方法用于在不同组中对IOT需求进行排名。结果脆弱群体,护理人员和医疗保健提供者的物联网服务需求存在差异。由弱势群体及其照顾者所需的家庭物联网服务类别是紧急和安全性。然而,医疗保健提供者表示,老年人和残疾人最需要的安全类别。主页IAT服务要求根据弱势群体中的不同类型的残疾不同。较少残疾的参与者更愿意利用物联网服务而不是拥有更多残疾的机构服务。结论我们的调查研究表明,弱势群体,护理人员和医疗保健提供者的IOT服务需求存在差异。 IOT服务要求根据各种类型的残疾不同。应通过将患者的优先事项和弱势群体中的个性化功能评估结合起来建立主机技术。试验登记临床研究信息服务(CRIS; KCT0004157); https://tinyurl.com/r83eyva.

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