首页> 外文学位 >文献详情
【24h】

BANDWAGONS IN SCIENCE: DOABLE PROBLEMS AND TRANSPORTABLE PACKAGES AS FACTORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MOLECULAR GENETIC BANDWAGON IN CANCER RESEARCH.

机译:科学中的班格沃夫:在癌症研究中分子遗传班格沃夫的发展中,存在问题和可运输包装的因素。

获取原文
获取原文并翻译 | 示例

摘要

This dissertation examines the work organization of contemporary basic cancer research. Analytic focus is on the concept of bandwagons and on the effects of this phenomenon on the production of knowledge in science.; An increasing number of problems pursued in biological research on cancer are being framed in terms of hypothesized molecular structures and functions involved in the origins of cancer; for example, the recent surge in research on hypothesized cellular proto-oncogenes. This phenomenon is identified as a developing bandwagon in basic cancer research. Scientists and institutions are rapidly committing and recommitting efforts and resources to oncogene research and other molecular genetic approaches to cancer. This dissertation analyzes the actual processes and mechanisms of scientists' commitments as they occur in order to gain insight into scientific approaches exhibiting rapid growth.; I develop several concepts in this dissertation for elucidating the processes by which bandwagons in science are generated and sustained. Doability is the alignment of tasks at three levels of work organization. Articulation is the discretionary work done to align these levels. Articulation work is reduced when transportable packages are implemented. Transportable packages are constructed "black boxes" of technologies and knowledge which scientists have streamlined, standardized, and routinized. Transportable packages serve transmutation efforts. Transmutation strategies are the means by which scientists adjust and transform their work organizations in order to address new problems and jump on bandwagons, when they face insurmountable contingencies or new, attractive opportunities in the conduct of the ongoing work. Hooks are the opportunities which scientists use to transmute their work organizations and the means by which other researchers enroll allies for their theories. Finally, problem paths is an organizational and analytic research tool for social scientists studying the processes by which scientists construct and solve problems in the open systems of basic research.; These analytic concepts are significant for the sociology of science, the sociology of work, and the sociology of knowledge. Scientific bandwagons are the collective commitments of many actors cumulatively entrenched in work organizations. It is these entrenched commitments which constitute entrenched theories and representations of nature. If we are to understand the processes by which theories gain and lose privilege, for example, Kuhn's concept of paradigm shifts, we must understand the processes by which these commitments become embedded in, and sustained by, work organizations.
机译:本文考察了当代基础癌症研究的工作组织。分析重点放在了潮流概念上,以及这种现象对科学知识产生的影响。从关于癌症起源的假设的分子结构和功能的角度出发,越来越多的癌症生物学研究问题得以解决。例如,最近关于假想细胞原癌基因的研究激增。在基础癌症研究中,这一现象被确定为发展中的潮流。科学家和机构正在迅速投入和重新投入精力和资源进行癌基因研究和其他癌症分子遗传学方法。本文分析了科学家承诺的实际过程和机制,以期洞察呈现出快速增长的科学方法。在本文中,我提出了几个概念,以阐明科学中潮流的产生和维持过程。责任感是工作组织的三个层次上任务的统一。清晰度是为了使这些级别一致而进行的酌处工作。当实施可运输包装时,减少了铰接工作。可运输包装是科学家精简,标准化和常规化的技术和知识的“黑匣子”。可运输包装服务于trans变工作。当科学家在进行中的工作中遇到不可克服的偶然事件或新的,有吸引力的机会时,变策略是科学家调整和转变其工作组织以解决新问题并赶上潮流的手段。挂钩是科学家用来改变其工作组织的机会,也是其他研究人员为其理论招募盟友的手段。最后,问题路径是社会科学家研究组织在开放式基础研究系统中解决和解决问题的过程的一种组织和分析研究工具。这些分析概念对于科学社会学,工作社会学和知识社会学都具有重要意义。科学潮流是许多组织中根深蒂固的参与者的集体承诺。这些根深蒂固的承诺构成了根深蒂固的理论和自然的表征。如果我们要了解理论获得和失去特权的过程,例如库恩的范式转变,我们就必须理解这些承诺在工作组织中的嵌入和维持的过程。

著录项

  • 作者

    FUJIMURA, JOAN HIDEKO.;

  • 作者单位

    University of California, Berkeley.;

  • 授予单位 University of California, Berkeley.;
  • 学科 Chemistry Biochemistry.; Sociology General.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 1986
  • 页码 354 p.
  • 总页数 354
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 Q5;C91;
  • 关键词

  • 入库时间 2022-08-17 11:50:59
获取原文

客服邮箱:kefu@zhangqiaokeyan.com

京公网安备:11010802029741号 ICP备案号:京ICP备15016152号-6 六维联合信息科技 (北京) 有限公司©版权所有
  • 客服微信

  • 服务号