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The Yueshi Culture, the Dong Yi, and the archaeology of ethnicity in Early Bronze Age China.

机译:越石文化,东夷文化和中国早期青铜时代的种族考古学。

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摘要

This first work on the Yueshi Culture (which was centered in Shandong ca. 1800–1450 BC) in a Western language provides a discussion of previous research, basic characteristics, and the process of defining this culture. Primary data (ceramics) from the Panmiao and Shantaisi site excavations in Shangqiu, Henan, provide evidence for the local development of the Yueshi Culture and for its continuation into the Upper Erligang period: this runs counter to common replacement models.; The Yueshi Culture was contemporaneous with the Erlitou and the so-called “Proto-Shang” Cultures of the Central Plains. In the Chinese culture-historical approach, these archaeological cultures are taken as representative of well-bounded social groups and are seen as equivalent to the historically-known Dong Yi, Xia, and predynastic Shang. Such equivalencies are highly problematic. Ethnicity theory shows us that the relationship between social identity and culture is much more complex and ambiguous: social boundaries do not enclose discontinuous units of culture, and alternative approaches to the archaeological culture are necessary to derive identity.; It is also argued here that when the historical evidence for the Dong Yi are considered in the light of social identity theory, the salience of a “Dong Yi” identity during the Shang period cannot be supported. A Dong Yi identity might have emerged as a reaction to the Western Zhou dynasty's new conception of the central place in the socio-political order of a culturally integrated Zhou “Us” whose identity was maintained through opposition to an outside “Them,” who in the east were the Dong Yi.; Based on the equivalence drawn between the Yueshi Culture and the Dong Yi, a common argument maintains that the Shang cannot be found where the Dong Yi were located and thus excludes the origins of the Shang dynasty from the eastern Henan region. Since the archaeological culture is not a direct reflection of identity and because a “Doug Yi” identity did not exist in the Shang period, the possibility of Shang origins in the east remains open.
机译:这是关于岳氏文化(以约公元前1800-1450年的山东为中心)的第一部西方语言著作,它讨论了以前的研究,基本特征以及界定这种文化的过程。来源:河南商丘盘庙和山台寺遗址发掘的原始数据(陶瓷)为岳氏文化在当地的发展及其延续到二里岗上段提供了证据:这与常见的替代模型背道而驰。越氏文化与二里头和中原所谓的“原始尚”文化同时存在。在中国文化-历史学方法中,这些考古文化被视为界限广泛的社会群体的代表,并被视为等同于历史上著名的东夷,夏和王朝商代。这样的等效性非常成问题。种族理论向我们表明,社会认同与文化之间的关系更为复杂和am昧:社会边界并没有包含不连续的文化单位,而考古学文化的替代方法对于获得认同是必要的。也有人认为,如果根据社会认同理论考虑东夷的历史证据,就不能支持商代“东夷”身份的显着性。东夷身份的出现可能是对西周王朝对文化融合的周“我们”的社会政治秩序中的中心位置的新观念的反应,后者通过与外部“他们”的反对而得以维持。东边是东夷。根据岳氏文化与Dong族之间的对等关系,一个普遍的论点坚持认为,Shang族在the族所处的位置找不到商,因此将Shang族的起源排除在豫东地区之外。由于考古文化不是身份的直接反映,并且由于商代时期不存在“道义”身份,因此商代起源于东方的可能性仍然存在。

著录项

  • 作者

    Cohen, David Joel.;

  • 作者单位

    Harvard University.;

  • 授予单位 Harvard University.;
  • 学科 Anthropology Archaeology.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2001
  • 页码 394 p.
  • 总页数 394
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 Q981;
  • 关键词

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