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The history of a historian: Perspectives on the authorial roles of Sima Qian.

机译:历史学家的历史:司马迁著作角色的视角。

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摘要

In the first century BCE, Sima Qian compiled the Shiji, a history of China from mythological beginnings to his own day. Soon after, readers of the Shiji began producing both continuations and extensive comments. This dissertation examines the changing ways in which pre-modern Chinese readers understood authorship through an analysis of their perspectives on Sima Qian. I argue that we cannot know the "real" Sima Qian: the tragic authorial figure of Sima Qian is a construction by later readers. I trace the development of this authorial construction from the Han through Song dynasties, examining readers' comments within their historical contexts. The dissertation has three parts. The first outlines Sima Qian's fortunes in the textual world of traditional China, exploring how his authorial role was seen in relation to the Classics and to historical texts (in chapter 1), as well as to literary theory and composition (in chapter 2). Chapter 3 discusses formal aspects of the Shiji and how they were considered an aspect of Sima Qian's creative authorship.;The second part juxtaposes two competing interpretations of the Shiji. Chapters 4 and 5 analyze how Sima Qian's personal tragedy was thought to relate to his work on the Shiji. Initially such motivations were viewed in a primarily negative light. It was not until the Song that the autobiographical connection came to be valorized. In chapter 6, I consider an alternative position, that the Shiji was a "true record" and how the meaning of that term changed over time. I show how this aspect of Shiji interpretation reflected and influenced traditional Chinese attitudes toward history.;The third part explores textual issues. In chapter 7, I consider three problems related to Shiji authorship that go beyond Sima Qian: the question of Sima Tan, the work of Chu Shaosun, and the idea of a damaged Shiji text. In chapter 8, I discuss issues related to the authenticity of the "Letter in Reply to Ren An," which is often read as Sima Qian's finest autobiographical statement and a crucial interpretive key to the Shiji.
机译:在公元前一世纪,司马迁(Sima Qian)编写了《史记》(Shiji),这是一部从神话起源到他的时代的中国历史。不久之后,《时事通讯》的读者开始产生延续和广泛的评论。本文通过对司马迁的观点分析,考察了前现代中国读者对作者身份的理解方式的变化。我认为我们不能知道“真实的”司马迁:司马迁的悲剧性创作人物是后来读者的作品。我追溯了汉代到宋代这种文学作品的发展历程,在其历史背景下审视了读者的评论。论文分为三个部分。第一章概述了司马迁在传统中国文本世界中的命运,探讨了他的著作角色如何与经典和历史文本(在第一章中)以及文学理论和写作(在第二章中)相关。第三章讨论《时事记》的形式方面,以及如何将其视为司马迁创造性著作的一个方面。第二部分将对《时事论》的两种相互解释并列。第4章和第5章分析了司马迁的个人悲剧如何被认为与他在《史记》上的工作有关。最初,这种动机主要是从消极的角度来看的。直到宋代,自传关系才被重视。在第6章中,我考虑了一个替代立场,即《 Shiji》是“真实记录”,以及该术语的含义随着时间的变化而变化。我将展示《诗记》解释的这一方面是如何反映和影响中国传统对历史的态度的。第三部分探讨文本问题。在第7章中,我考虑了与司马迁有关的三个问题,这些问题超出了司马迁的范围:司马谭问题,楚绍舜的著作以及损坏的《史记》文本的思想。在第8章中,我讨论了与“仁爱回信”的真实性有关的问题,该信通常被视为司马迁最出色的自传体陈述,也是对《诗集》的关键解释。

著录项

  • 作者

    Klein, Esther Sunkyung.;

  • 作者单位

    Princeton University.;

  • 授予单位 Princeton University.;
  • 学科 Literature Asian.;History Medieval.;History Asia Australia and Oceania.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2010
  • 页码 521 p.
  • 总页数 521
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

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