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Disembodying emerging infectious disease.

机译:体现新出现的传染病。

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摘要

Electronic event-based surveillance for emerging infectious disease is a new tool for the early detection of potential infectious disease outbreaks. Today, a web of electronic information encircles the earth; it propagates from countless little points around the globe, making possible a completely new paradigm in emerging infectious disease surveillance.;In a very abstract sense, these new electronic event-based surveillance systems look for perturbations in the vast web of data, much as a spider would sense any changes in the tension of its web. A perturbation in the flow of data around the globe is like a tug on a line of silk. It alerts us to the entry of some change in infection dynamics.;Most new diseases, like HIV and SARS, are zoonotic, passing from animals into humans. An understanding of how ecosystems and human systems interact is key to understanding the early part of this process.;Unstructured information, such as that trolled by computers at GPHIN or Argus, is useful not only because it searches for an early signal, but also because the raw information has not yet been bureaucratically packaged in narrow administrative ways. Administrative rigor can introduce certain types of information blindness, which can cause us to miss an early infectious disease signal.;The health of the "sea if microbes" is a commons, similar to the health of the atmosphere. It is in everyone's interest to maintain a strong public health infrastructure and to avoid the generation of strong infectious disease gradients that can carry infectious disease into broad human populations. Risk is generated collectively and is held statistically in ecosystems and human systems. Degradation of the commons causes loss of systemic resiliency, and changes can ripple through various layers of an ecosystem.;Infectious disease in one area can quickly spread via global air travel to large urban populations throughout the world. Aviation has more tightly coupled all parts of the microbial commons, including both human-natural systems, and developed-developing human systems.;In biopolitical terms, the view that infectious disease enters broad human populations through the "at-risk" body of the Other is flawed.
机译:基于电子事件的新兴传染病监测是一种早期发现潜在传染病暴发的新工具。今天,电子信息网络环绕着整个地球;它从全球无数的小点传播,使新兴的传染病监视成为一种全新的范例。从非常抽象的意义上讲,这些基于事件的新型电子监视系统会在庞大的数据网络中寻找扰动,就像蜘蛛会感觉到其网状张力的任何变化。全球数据流的扰动就像一条丝绸上的拖船一样。它使我们警觉到感染动力学发生了一些变化。;大多数新疾病,如HIV和SARS,都是人畜共患病,从动物传播到人类。了解生态系统和人类系统之间的相互作用是了解该过程早期的关键。非结构化信息(例如,由GPHIN或Argus的计算机所拖曳的信息)非常有用,不仅因为它可以搜索早期信号,而且还因为原始信息尚未以狭义的行政方式官僚化地打包。严格的行政管理可能会引入某些类型的信息盲目性,这可能会导致我们错过早期的传染病信号。;“如果有微生物,则海洋是健康的”,这与大气的健康类似。维护强大的公共卫生基础设施并避免产生会导致广泛的人群传染病的强烈传染病梯度,符合每个人的利益。风险是集体产生的,并以统计方式保存在生态系统和人类系统中。公地的退化会导致系统弹性的丧失,并且变化会在整个生态系统的各个层面上引起连锁反应。某一地区的传染病可以通过全球航空旅行迅速传播到世界各地的大城市人口。航空将微生物共有的所有部分,包括人与自然系统以及发达的人类系统,都紧密地结合在一起;从生物政治的角度来看,传染病是通过人类的“高危”人群进入广大人群的观点。其他有缺陷。

著录项

  • 作者

    Hansen, Christine M.;

  • 作者单位

    University of Hawai'i at Manoa.;

  • 授予单位 University of Hawai'i at Manoa.;
  • 学科 Biology Microbiology.;Political Science General.;Health Sciences Epidemiology.;Environmental Sciences.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2010
  • 页码 244 p.
  • 总页数 244
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

  • 入库时间 2022-08-17 11:36:54

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