A method for scheduling the prevention and the treatment of caries in the preschool and the primary school-aged children varying in the state of the health comprises vitaminotherapy, the use of plant-derived adaptogens, the remineralization of the hard dental tissues, the use of calcium glycerophosphate, the deep fluorine treatment of the enamel after Knappvost, and the sealing of the fissures. When the development of caries is predicted and the preventive measures are planned, the state of the gastrointestinal tract, the locomotor system, and the respiratory organs is taken into account. The strategy of the examination is elaborated with the pediatrician for finding out the possible causes of caries. The immune status of the child is assessed. The immunity is corrected with the individually selected immunotropic drug. The vaccination with Immudon is performed.