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Free Market Romanticism in an Era of Deregulation

机译:放松管制时代的自由市场浪漫主义

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摘要

Romanticism has four types of attribute: imaginative vision, extravagant wild-ness, fictitiousness and remoteness from experience. It is argued that conceptions of "the market" used by certain economic historians and in much of development policy discourse are romantic. The former underplay the coercion and compulsion historically required for a market economy to emerge. The latter fails to recognize the theoretical limitations to the neo-classical notion of the market or the practical incapacity ofactual existing markets decently to structure social life. Detailed case material is presented to show how real agrarian markets in South Asia are embedded in non-market relations of locality, ethnicity and religion, gender and age, in class relations, relations with the state (also analysed "unromantically") and in the physical environment. Where market exchange is accompanied by criminal and/or corrupt activities which deplete state resources and force the state into defensive accommodation, then deregulation may merely shift the distribution of rent seeking between "state" and "market" and not reduce it.
机译:浪漫主义具有四种属性:想象力的视野,奢侈的野性,虚构和远离经验。有人认为,某些经济历史学家和许多发展政策话语中使用的“市场”概念是浪漫的。前者低估了市场经济出现的历史上的强制和强迫。后者未能认识到市场对新古典概念的理论局限性或实际存在的市场实际上无能为力地构成社会生活的能力。介绍了详细的案例材料,以显示南亚的真正农业市场如何嵌入到地方,种族和宗教,性别和年龄的非市场关系,阶级关系,与国家的关系(也“毫不留情地”进行分析)以及物理环境。如果市场交换伴随着犯罪活动和/或腐败活动,这些活动消耗了国家资源并迫使国家进入防御性住所,那么放松管制可能只会在“国家”和“市场”之间转移寻租的分配,而不会减少这种分配。

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