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INTENTION AND MORAL ENHANCEMENT

机译:意图和道德修养

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Recently philosophers have proposed a wide variety of interventions referred to as 'moral enhancements'. Some of these interventions are concerned with helping individuals make more informed decisions; others, however, are designed to compel people to act as the intervener sees fit. Somewhere between these two extremes lie interventions designed to direct an agent's attention either towards morally relevant issues-hat-hanging-or away from temptations to do wrong-hat-hiding. Iargue that these interventions fail to constitute genuine moral enhancement because, although they may result in more desirable outcomes - more altruism, more law-following, and/or less self-destructive behavior, they ignore a person's intentions, and often what makes an action right or wrong is the intent behind it.
机译:最近,哲学家提出了各种各样的干预措施,称为“道德增强”。其中一些干预措施与帮助个人做出更明智的决定有关;然而,其他的则旨在迫使人们按照干预者的意愿行事。在这两个极端之间的某个地方存在干预措施,旨在使代理人的注意力转向与道德相关的问题-挂上帽子-或远离诱惑去做错误的帽子。冒昧地认为,这些干预措施无法构成真正的道德增强,因为尽管它们可能会产生更理想的结果-利他主义,更多遵循法律和/或更少的自我毁灭行为,但它们忽略了一个人的意图,并且往往是采取行动的原因对或错是其背后的意图。

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