【摘要】We isolated cDNAs encoding low-molecular-weight (L-) and high-molecular-weight (H-) prekininogens from a mouse liver cDNA library using rat T-kininogen cDNA and rat H-kininogen cDNA respectively, as probes. The signal peptide, the heavy chain, and the bradykinin moiety, which are common between the two prekininogens, consist of 20, 359, and 9 amino acids, respectively, while the light chains of the L- and H-prekininogens are composed of 44 and 273 amino acids, respectively. All 19 cysteine residues present in both mouse prekininogens are located at the same positions relative to those of human origin. The light chain of H-prekininogen contains a characteristic 15-repeated His-Gly sequence and a conserved sequence for binding prekallikrein or factor XI. Northern blotting or reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction followed by Southern blotting using mouse L- and H-kininogen cDNAs demonstrated that both L- and H-kininogens are predominantly expressed in the liver and kidney. L-Kininogen mRNA was also expressed in other tissues, such as the adrenal gland, brain, spinal cord, testis, lung, heart, and skin, while levels of H-kininogen mRNA in these tissues were too low to detect, suggesting that L-kininogen is synthesized in various tissues of mouse, while H-kininogen is exclusively synthesized in the liver and kidney. A genomic Southern blot using H-prekininogen cDNA revealed that the L- and H-prekininogen mRNAs in mouse are probably encoded by a single gene, as is the case in both human and bovine.