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Double-letter processing in developmental and skilled handwriting production: Evidence from kinematics

机译:发展和熟练的手写生产中的双信处理:来自运动学的证据

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In this study, we investigated the effects of double-letter processing on handwriting production in beginning and skilled writers of German. One hundred and thirty-seven children from Grades 2 and 3 and 31 adult participants were asked to copy words with double consonants (e.g., "Kanne") and matched words without double consonants (e.g., "Kante") from a computer screen onto a pen tablet, while their handwriting was recorded with high spatio-temporal resolution. Handwriting productions were analysed in terms of Reading Duration, Writing Onset Duration, and Letter Duration at the letter positions preceding or forming the onset of the corresponding consonant clusters. Our results showed that second graders take less time to initiate writing words with double consonants than words without double consonants, while both second and third graders take less time to read words with double consonants than words without double consonants. Critically, although second and third graders write down a letter faster when it corresponds to the first letter of a double-letter unit than a consonant cluster, it is the other way around for adults. We interpret these findings within extant theories of handwriting production and offer an explanation for the different nature of the effects observed in beginning and skilled writers.
机译:在这项研究中,我们调查了双字母处理对德语开头和熟练作家手写制作的影响。从2级和3级和31级和31名成人参与者的儿童被要求复制用双辅音(例如,“kanne”)和没有双辅音的单词(例如,“kante”)与计算机屏幕上的匹配词笔平板电脑,而他们的手写被记录为高时空分辨率。在阅读持续时间,写入开始持续时间和前面的字母位置的字母持续时间内分析手写制作,或形成相应的辅音簇的发作。我们的研究结果表明,二年级学生比没有双辅音的单一辅音,秒年级学生比单一辅音的写作更少,而第二个和第三年级学生的时间比没有双辅音的单一辅音,而不是无双辅音。批判性地,虽然第二和第三年级学生对应于与辅音群体相对应的第一个字母时,虽然速度更快地写下了一个字母,但它是成人的另一种方式。我们在手写生产的现存理论中解释这些调查结果,并为开始和熟练作家中观察到的效果的不同性质提供了解释。

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