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A Wait-List Randomized Controlled Trial of Loving-Kindness Meditation Programme for Self-Criticism

机译:自我批评的爱心冥想程序的等待列表随机对照试验

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Self-criticism is a vulnerability risk factor for a number of psychological disorders, and it predicts poor response to psychological and pharmacological treatments. In the current study, we evaluated the efficacy of a loving-kindness meditation (LKM) programme designed to increase self-compassion in a sample of self-critical individuals. Thirty-eight individuals with high scores on the self-critical perfectionism subscale of the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale were randomized to an LKM condition (n=19) or a wait-list (WL) condition (n=19). Measures of self-criticism, self-compassion and psychological distress were administered before and immediately following the intervention (LKM or WL). WL participants received the intervention immediately after the waiting period. Both groups were assessed 3months post-intervention. Intent-to-treat (n=38) and per-protocol analyses (n=32) showed significant reductions in self-criticism and depressive symptoms as well as significant increases in self-compassion and positive emotions in the LKM condition compared with the WL condition. A follow-up per-protocol analysis in both groups together (n=20) showed that these gains were maintained 3months after the intervention. These preliminary results suggest that LKM may be efficacious in alleviating self-criticism, increasing self-compassion and improving depressive symptoms among self-critical individuals. Copyright (c) 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
机译:自我批评是许多心理疾病的脆弱性风险因素,它预测对心理和药物治疗的反应较差。在当前的研究中,我们评估了一种爱心冥想(LKM)程序的功效,该程序旨在增加自我批评者样本中的自我同情心。 38名在功能障碍态度量表的自我批评完美主义子量表上获得高分的个体被随机分配到LKM条件(n = 19)或候补名单(WL)条件(n = 19)。在干预之前和之后(LKM或WL)进行自我批评,自我同情和心理困扰的测量。 WL参与者在等待期过后立即接受了干预。干预后3个月对两组进行评估。与WL相比,LKM条件下的意向性治疗(n = 38)和按方案分析(n = 32)显示自我批评和抑郁症状的显着减少,以及自我同情和积极情绪的显着增加健康)状况。两组均按方案进行随访(n = 20),表明干预后3个月这些获益得以维持。这些初步结果表明,LKM可能在缓解自我批评,提高自我同情心和改善自我批评者的抑郁症状方面有效。版权所有(c)2014 John Wiley&Sons,Ltd.

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