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Vowel-pitch matching in Wagner's operas:Implications for intelligibility and ease of singing

机译:瓦格纳(Wagner)歌剧中的元音音高匹配:对清晰度和易于演唱的影响

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摘要

European vowels are mainly distinguished by the two lowest resonance frequencies (R1 and R2) of the vocal tract. Once the pitch frequency fo exceeds the value of R1 in normal speech, sopranos can deliberately "tune" R1 to match f_0. This increases loudness, uniformity of tone, and ease of singing, at some cost to intelligibility. Resonance tuning would be assisted if the pitch of the note written for a vowel corresponded with its usual range of R 1. Analysis of several soprano roles indicates that Wagner aided the acoustics of the soprano voice at high pitch when setting text to music.
机译:欧洲元音的主要区别在于声道的两个最低共振频率(R1和R2)。一旦基音频率fo超过正常语音中R1的值,女高音就可以故意“调谐” R1以匹配f_0。这会增加响度,音调的均匀性和易于歌唱,但会降低清晰度。如果为元音写的音符的音高与其通常的R 1范围相对应,则将有助于共振调音。对多个女高音角色的分析表明,在将文本设置为音乐时,Wagner以高音高帮助女高音的声学。

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