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Modality analysis: a semantic grammar for imputations of intentionality in texts

机译:情态分析:文本中意向性归因的语义语法

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摘要

Modality analysis is a text analysis methodology that affords comparisons of how people from distinct cultural contexts differ in their accounts of why one or more of their numbers find specific activities possible, impossible, inevitable, or contingent. The technique is built around a two-part semantic grammar, the application of which involves the identification of modal clauses in texts, the classification of these clauses according to their modal forms, and the identification of rationales associated with the clauses' modalities. We show that with sufficient training the method affords high interrater agreement. After providing a few tips on data-collection strategies, results are presented from a modality analysis of editorials sampled from the Arab newspaper, Al Riyadh, and the Hindi newspaper, Hindustan. The analysis illustrates how modal expressions can be used in locating well-known (e.g., Islamic and Hindu) cultural characteristics from among the vast quantities of discourse that societies continuously generate.
机译:情态分析是一种文本分析方法,可以比较来自不同文化背景的人们如何解释他们的一个或多个数字为何发现特定活动可能,不可能,不可避免或偶然的情况。该技术基于两部分的语义语法而建立,其应用包括识别文本中的情态从句,根据其情态形式对这些从句进行分类以及识别与这些从句的情态相关的基本原理。我们表明,经过足够的培训,该方法可提供较高的间质一致性。在提供了有关数据收集策略的一些技巧后,我们对从阿拉伯报纸Al Riyadh和印度斯坦Hindi报纸上抽取的社论进行了模态分析,得出了结果。该分析说明了如何使用情态表达从社会不断产生的大量话语中找到著名的(例如伊斯兰和印度教)文化特征。

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