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Liberal Education and General Education in American Universities

机译:美国大学的通识教育和通识教育

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摘要

Starting from the two levels of educational concept and content, this paper studies the generation, change, basic characteristics and development trend of American university liberal education and general education in recent years. Since the 17th century, the development of liberal education and general education has roughly presented four different stages of development. Since the 1990s, although there are still differences between liberal education and general education in terms of concept and curriculum, there are more and more commonalities between them than before World War II, and the integration with professional education is gradually strengthened. Absorbing practical and practical content, laying more emphasis on imparting basic knowledge and basic abilities, serving professional education, constitutes an important part of undergraduate education in the United States. This paper discusses the timeline of general education and liberal education in the United States, mainly including its emergence, development and improvement, and explores the similarities and differences between liberal education and general education. Finally, it summarizes and puts forward enlightenment.
机译:从教育理念和内容两个层面出发,研究了近年来美国大学通识教育和通识教育的产生,变化,基本特征和发展趋势。自17世纪以来,通识教育和通识教育的发展大致呈现出四个不同的发展阶段。自1990年代以来,尽管在概念和课程方面通识教育与通识教育之间仍然存在差异,但它们之间的共通性比第二次世界大战前要高得多,并且与职业教育的融合正在逐步加强。吸收实践和实践内容,更加注重传授基础知识和基本能力,为专业教育服务,是美国本科教育的重要组成部分。本文探讨了美国通识教育和通识教育的时间表,主要包括其产生,发展和改进,并探讨了通识教育和通识教育之间的异同。最后,总结并提出启示。

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