The Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering (Bimonthly, started in 1982) is the official journal of the Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China and published by the Chemical Industry Press. The aim of the journal is to develop the international exchange of scientific and technical information in the field of chemical engineering. It publishes original research papers that cover the major advancements and achievements in chemical engineering in China as well as some articles from overseas contributors. The topics of journal include chemical engineering, chemical technology, biochemical engineering, energy and environmental engineering and other relevant fields. Papers are published on the basis of their relevance to theoretical research, practical application or potential uses in the industry as Research Papers, Research Notes, Chemical Engineering Data and Reviews. Prominent domestic and overseas chemical experts and scholars have been invited to form an International Advisory Board and the Editorial Committee. It enjoys recognition among Chinese academia and industry as a reliable source of information of what is going on in chemical engineering research, both domestic and abroad.
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摘要：The electrolyte version of SRK plus association equation of state(e SRK-CPA Eo S) was employed to correlate CO2 solubility in MDEA aqueous solutions. The applied model comprises the classic form of CPA Eo S including SRK Eo S plus Wertheim association term in addition to MSA theory and Born terms so that the two last terms are responsible for the long-range interactions. A reaction-containing bubble pressure computation technique comprising two nested loops was utilized to model the systems. The internal loop, calculates the liquid phase concentrations via reaction, mass and charge balance equation solving, whereas, the vapor phase concentrations will be obtained in the external one. 470 experimental data were used to correlate binary subsystems and the H2O + MDEA + CO2 ternary system. Since, there not exist any binary VLE data for MDEA + CO2 subsystem, two fitting scenarios were applied. At the first scenario, the binary interaction parameter was assumed equal to zero, while, in second approach the parameter was obtained through ternary system correlation. Both scenarios show very good accuracy in that the Absolute Average Deviation percentages(AAD) obtained were 19.12% and 18.85%, respectively. Also, to show the efficiency of the used model, a comparison between our results and those of the best-known models was made.Finally, having model parameters for H2S solubility from our previous work [A. Afsharpour, Petroleum Science and Technology 35(3)(2017) 292-298], simultaneous solubility of CO2+ H2S mixtures in MDEA solutions was predicted using the e SRK-CPA Eo S with no new optimizable parameters. As the results show,the applied model has a good performance for correlation and prediction of acid gas solubility in a wide range of pressures, temperatures, acid gas loadings, and MDEA concentrations.
摘要：Drag reduction phenomenon in pipelines has received lots of attention during the past decades due to its potential engineering applications, especially in fluid transporting industries. Various methods to enhance drag reduction have been developed throughout the years and divided into two categories;non-additives method and additives method. Both categories have different types of methods, with different formulations and applications which will generally be discussed in this review. Among all the methods discussed, drag reduction using polymer additive is as one of the most enticing and desirable methods. It has been the subject of research in this field and has been studied extensively for quite some time. It is due to its ability to reduce drag up to 80% when added in minute concentrations. Reducing drag in the pipe will require less pumping power thus offering economic relieves to the industries. So, this paper will be focusing more on the use of polymer additives as drag reducing agent, the general formulations of the additives, major issues involving the use of drag reducing polymers, and the potential applications of it. However, despite the extensive works of drag reduction polymer, there are still no models that accurately explain the mechanism of drag reduction. More studies needed to be done to have a better understanding of the phenomenon. Therefore, future research areas and potential approaches are proposed for future work.
摘要：A new method for regulating the synthesis of Ni Mg Fe hydrotalcites(NMF LDHs) with the addition of hydroxyl compounds was proposed. A series of NMF LDHs were prepared by the above method, and then were calcined to obtain the Ni Mg FeOx(NMFOx) samples. The NMFOxsamples were characterized by XRD,SEM, TG-DTG, XPS and CO2-TPD, respectively. The catalytic performance of NMFOxfor depolymerizing calcium lignosulfonate(CLS) was evaluated by hydrothermal reaction. The results showed that the addition of hydroxyl compounds favored reducing the particle sizes of NMF LDHs. For the depolymerization of CSL, the yield of liquid product increased from 45% to 75.8% with the addition of NMFOx-ethanol(NMFOxET). The liquid products were mainly phenolics, aromatics, ketones and esters. The total selectivity of oxy-containing compounds was over 90.6%, among them, the phenolics were approximately 35.2%. The valence of Ni and Fe, crystalline phase and basicity almost remained unchanged. The NMFOx-ET samples were recycled for the depolymerization of CLS, moreover, the NMFOx-ET samples had high activity and stability after 4 cycles.
摘要：A new approach,named production of aryl oxygen-containing compounds from the catalytic pyrolysis of bagasse lignin(BL) over perovskite oxide,was proposed,A series of LaTixFe1-xO3(LTF-x) samples were prepared by the solid state reaction method.The crystal phase and morphology of LTF-x were characterized by XRD and SEM respectively.Catalytic pyrolysis performance of LTF-x was performed by TG-DTG and the distribution patterns of gaseous,liquid and solid products from BL was investigated using a fixed-bed micro-reactor.The optimal reaction conditions were determined:the pyrolysis temperature was 600℃,the mass ratio of mBL:mLTF-0.2 was 3:1,the veloeity of earrier gas was 100 ml·min-1.The gaseous produets were mainly eomposed of CO2,CO,CH4 and CnHm(n=2-4,m=2 n+2 or m=2 n),The main aryl oxygen-containing compounds in liquid products were phenolics,guaiacols,syringols and phenylates,the rest were benzenes,furans,esters and carboxylic acid.The total contents of aryl oxygencontaining compounds were from 62% up to more than 72% under the action of the perovskite.Moreover,the LTF-0.2 sample had nice regenerability.
摘要：Lignocellulosic materials can be used as biosorbent for refinement of the wastewaters when they are available in large quantities. Many studies were conducted to uptake Cu(Ⅱ) ion from aqueous solutions.In this paper, the biosorption efficiency of Cu(Ⅱ) ions from a synthetic aqueous solution was investigated using Gundelia tournefortii(GT), without any pre-treatment. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,scanning electron microscopy and determining the point of zero charge were employed to characterise the biosorbent. Batch experiments were performed to study the influence of p H, biosorbent dosage, contact time, temperature and initial Cu(Ⅱ) concentration on Cu(Ⅱ) removal. The biosorption isotherms were investigated using the Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and D-R isotherm models. The findings show that the biosorption isotherm was better fitted by the Langmuir equation and the maximum adsorption capacity of GT was found to be 38.7597 mg·g^-1. The kinetics data were analysed by pseudo-first order,pseudo-second order, and intra-particle diffusion equations. The results indicate that the pseudosecond-order model was found to explain the adsorption kinetics most effectively. The values of thermodynamic parameters including Gibbs free energy(△G°), enthalpy(△H°), and entropy(△S°) demonstrate that the biosorption process was exothermic and spontaneous. The multiple nonlinear regression(MnLR)and artificial neural network(ANN) analyses were applied for the prediction of biosorption capacity. A relationship between the predicted and observed data was obtained and the results show that the Mn LR and ANN models provided successful predictions.
摘要：Aiming at the high temperature corrosion in a coal-fired boiler,the effect of H2S and SO2 on the corrosion of 12 CrlMoV under the water wall condition has been investigated by experiments.The results indicate that H2 S can promote the corrosion significantly,and the coarse porous oxide film formed cannot stop the progress of corrosion.While SO2 presents little effect on the corrosion.The main composition of the surface of 12 CrlMoV corrosion products is Fe2 O3.With H2S in the atmosphere,the corrosion gradually develops into deeper layers by forming FeS,FeO and Fe2 O3 alternately.The corrosion rate is doubled for every 50℃ inerease in temperature at 400-500℃.
摘要：The relationship between the silicon saturation coefficient of hydrogarnets and Bayer reaction parameters was studied. The peak position, crystal plane spacing, and cell edge length of typical hydrogarnet patterns were calculated to find the key factors influencing the relationship. The results showed that the crystal face(420) is the optimal garnet growth direction during hydration and crystal growth along the faces(521) and(611) were not affected significantly by the varying experimental conditions. The reaction temperature significantly influenced the silicon saturation coefficient of hydrogarnets. The silicon saturation coefficient of hydrogarnets increased from 0.2 to about 1.0 in the temperature range of 30–270 °C and a rapid expansion process was observed in the temperature range of 120–150 °C. Moreover, the reaction time, alumina concentration, and C/S were shown to be less important factors. Averaging the results obtained by the 3 methods was shown suitable for calculating the SiO2 saturation coefficient of hydrogarnets. The calculated results of the Al2O3 and SiO2 contents matched the actual ones. However, the actual SiO2 content was about10 % less than the calculated one for SiO2 saturation coefficients higher than 1.
摘要：Novel composite magnetic microspheres containing chitosan and quaternary ammonium chitosan derivative(CHMMs) were prepared by inverse suspension method,and used for the methyl orange(MO) removal from aqueous solutions.The CHMMs were characterized by a scanning electron microscope,a transmission electron microscope,and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,respectively.Compared with the chitosan beads,the incorporation of quaternary ammonium chitosan derivative significantly reduced the particle size.The MO adsorption by CHMMs was investigated by batch adsorption experiments.The adsorption kinetics was conformed to the pseudo second-order kinetics equation.The adsorption isotherm followed the Langmuir model better than the Freundlich model and the calculated maximum MO adsorption capacity was 266.6 mg·g^-1 at 293 K.Thermodynamic studies indicated that the MO adsorption was endothermic in nature with the enthalpy change(△H°) of 99.44 kJ·mol^-1.The CHMMs had a stable performance for MO adsorption in the pH range of 4-10,but high ionic strength deteriorated the MO removal due to the shielding of the ion exchange interaction.A 1 mol·L^-1 NaCl solution could be used to regenerate the exhausted CHMMs.The proposed CHMMs can be used as an effective adsorbent for dye removal or recovery from the dye wastewater.
摘要：The modification of pillared MFI zeolites was performed by nitridation of silica pillared MFI zeolite nanosheets under NH3 atmosphere with different time. The resultant zeolites were characterized by a complementary combination of X-ray power diffraction(XRD), scanning electron microscopy(SEM),transmission electron microscopy(TEM), pyridine-IR spectroscopy and N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms. The analyses showed that the nitridation didn’t destroy the crystallinity and specific surface area of zeolites, and the acidity of zeolites can be tailored by tuning the time of nitridation, resulting in the different concentration ratios of Br?nsted-to-Lewis(B/L) acid sites. Moreover, the nitrided zeolites exhibited high selectivity to 2-benzyl-1,3,5-trimethylbenzene than parent silica pillared MFI zeolite nanosheets in benzylation of mesitylene with benzyl alcohol. A balance between Br?nsted acid sites and Lewis acid sites can inhibit the self-etherification of benzyl alcohol and enhance the selectivity of alkylated product. These experimental data implied that nitridation was an effective method to modulate the acidity of zeolites and the synergy between Br?nsted acid sites and Lewis acid sites was a decisive factor to determine the selectivity.
摘要：Design and preparation of novel advanced carbon materials with unique architecture and functional groups is of great significance.Herein,a spongy acetylenic carbon material(SACM) was prepared through mechanochemical reaction of CaC2 and chlorinated rubber in a planetary ball mill at ambient temperature.Its composition and structure were characterized,and its electrochemical properties and adsorption performance for Hg^2+ were studied.The SACM is composed of submicron spongy aggregates with high carbon content(81.8%) and specific area(503.9 m^2·g^-1),rich porosity and acetylenic groups.The SACM exhibits excellent adsorption for Hg2+with saturated adsorption amount being 157.1 mg·g^-1,which is superior to conventional carbon materials.Further,it exhibits good electrochemical performance with low equivalent series resistance(0.50 Ω),excellent cycling stability and ideal double layer capacitive behavior.This paper provides a novel and universal synthesis method of spongy carbon materials,and better results can be expected through tuning the pore structure,graphitization degree,and heteroatoms of the target carbon materials.