摘要：为提高高炮武器系统拦截巡航导弹的能力,提出了自适应射击窗的思想.自适应射击窗是指火控系统根据目标运动参数估计结果,识别目标的运动模式并估计出其机动幅度,实时在线评估毁歼概率,并求解出具有最大毁歼概率的空域窗技术参数(形状和大小),据此计算出射击诸元提供给高炮武器系统实现对空中目标的射击.对实现该技术要解决的几个专项技术问题作了简要分析.最后,通过设置不同的目标航路,采用蒙特卡罗法分别对自适应射击窗技术和传统火控技术进行了效能对比分析.仿真结果表明,当巡航导弹不机动时,前者有与后者相当的射击效果;当巡航导弹蛇行机动时,依据参数设置,前者的毁伤效能较之后者提高约17.7％～102.4％,且增加了有效射击时间.%A new method of adaptive shooting window is presented to improve the capacity of antiaircraft for intercepting cruise missile. The proposed method first estimates the maneuvering altitude of the target using the estimated state, then calculates the technical parameters (shape and size) of the shooting window that has the largest kill probability, and at last sends firing data to the anti-aircraft to fire at the target. Some key techniques concerning the proposed method are analyzed. The kill probability of the adaptive shooting window technique and the traditional fire control technique are compared by Monte-Carlo method, using some typical target trajectories. Simulation results show that the two methods have equivalent effect for non-maneuvering cruise missile; but for cruise missile undergoing zigzag maneuver, the proposed method has higher kill probability (17.7%～102. 4%) than the conventional method for scenarios considered in this paper. Besides, the available firing time is increased significantly.