摘要：In this work, the difference in number of dominant species in a community on global scale and successional trajectories was analyzed based on the published data. We explained the reasons of these differences using a resource availability hypothesis, proposed in this work, that the distribution of available resource determined the pattern of community dominance. The results showed that on global scale the number of dominant species of community varied across latitudinal forest zone,namely from single-species dominance in boreal and temperate forest to multi-species codominance, even no dominant species in tropical forest.This was consistent with the pattern of resource distribution on global scale. Similarly, in successional trajectories, the number of dominant species gradually radiated from single-species dominance to multi-species codominance, even no dominant species in tropical forest.The changing available resources in trajectories were responsible for this difference. By contrary, a community was often dominated by single species in temperate or boreal forest. This was determined by the low available resource, especially low available water and temperature. In boreal forest, low temperature greatly reduced availability of water and nutrient, which were responsible for the single-species dominance. In addition, the conclusion that high available resources sustained low dominance of community might be deduced, based on the fact that the dominance of community declined with the increasing of species diversity. To sum up, the richer the available resources were, the lower the dominance of community was, and vice versa. The hypothesis that the resource availability controlled the dominance of community could well elucidate the difference of community dominance on global and community scale.