摘要：目的：促进民办养老机构的发展,推动我国社会福利社会化进程。方法：对安徽省合肥市33家民办养老机构以及入住的165位老人进行问卷调查,以了解机构情况和入住老人的需求。结果：自2001年以来,合肥的民办养老机构数、床位数和入住人数逐年增加；94%的养老机构收费处于每月500~1000元的中档水平；27．27%的养老机构属于自建房屋,69．70%是租用房屋,3．03%属于改建房屋；21．21%的养老机构投资规模超过1000万。结论：合肥市民办养老机构供需结构失衡,资金短缺严重以及人力资源匮乏。建议：合理调整机构档次和功能,加大资金扶持力度,培养专业人才队伍。%Objective:To promote the development of private pension institutions and social welfare in China. Methods:33 private pension institutions and 165 elderly people are followed with questionnaire. Results:The number of institutions, beds and occupancy in Hefei has increased annually since 2001. 94% of pension institutions are in the mid-range level of 500~1000 yuan;27. 27% of pension institutions belong to self-constructed housing, 69. 7%rented housing, 3. 03% modificated housing. 21. 21% of pension institutions’ investments scale is more than 10 million yuan. Conclusion:Private pension institutions face some problems, such as structural imbalance in terms of supply and demand, shortage of funds, and lack of human resources. Suggestion:We should reasonably adjust the level and function of institutions, increase the support for funds, and cultivate professional teams.