Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy (MPCE) is a peer-reviewed, open accessed and bimonthly published journal in English. It has been indexed in Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), Ei, Scopus, INSPEC, DOAJ, EBSCO, ProQuest, SCImago, Google Scholar, OCLC, CSA, CSAD, etc. It is the first international power engineering journal originated in mainland China. MPCE publishes original papers, short letters and review articles in the field of modern power systems with focus on smart grid technology and renewable energy integration, etc. ISSN: 2196-5625 (Print)；ISSN: 2196-5420 (Online)；CODEN: JMPSGE。
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摘要：This paper proposes a novel frequency aware robust economic dispatch (FARED) approach to exploit the synergistic capability of accommodating uncertain loads and renewable generation by accounting for both the frequency regulation effect and optimal participation mechanism of secondary regulation reserves for conventional units in response to uncertainties in the robust optimization counterpart of security constrained economic dispatch.The FARED is formulated as a robust optimization problem.In this formulation the allowable frequency deviation and the possible load or renewable generation curtailments are expressed in terms of variable uncertainty sets.The variables in the formulation are described as interval variables and treated in affine form.In order to improve the computational tractability,the dominant constraints which canbe the candidates of tight transmission constraints are determined by complementarity constraints.Then the robust optimization problem is simplified to a bilinear programming problem based on duality theory.Finally,the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method are illustrated based on several study cases.
摘要：Aspects of terrestrial microgrids and ship power systems are examined.The work exposes a variety of technical synergies from these two power systems to effectively advance their technologies.Understanding their overlap allows congruent efforts to target both systems;understanding their differences hinders conflict and redundancy in early-stage design.The paper concludes by highlighting how an understanding of both systems can reduce the investment in research resources.
摘要：With the rapid development of its national economy,China has become a major producer and consumer of energy.To guarantee the sustainable development of power industry and national economy,China should exploit fossil and renewable energy efficiently according to the development situation of generation resources.Firstly,this paper analyzes the utilization status of main generation resources in China,such as coal,hydropower and wind energy.Secondly,this paper illustrates the STEP model,which analyzes some issues for China’s generation resource utilization from political,economic,social and technological aspects.For example,the resource distribution is inconsistent with electricity demand,the renewable energy power output is intermittent,and there is some disruption in coal mining.Finally,combined with the utilization status and issues,this paper presents some improvement approaches from the perspectives of cost,efficiency and external influence.
摘要：www.mpce.info www.springer.com/40565 Aims Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy(MPCE) is dedicated to presenting top-level academic achievements in the fields of modern power systems and clean energy by international researches and engineers, and endeavors to serve as a bridge between Chinese and global researchers in the power industry.
摘要：Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy(MPCE)sponsored by State Grid Electric Power Research Institute(SGEPRI)is a SCI-indexed,open accessed,peer-reviewed and quarterly published journal in English.It is the first international power engineering journal originated in mainland China,MPCE publishes original papers,short letters and review articles in the field of modern power systems with focus on smart grid technology and renewable energy integration,etc.MPCE is dedicated to presenting top-level academic achievements in the fields of modern power systems and clean energy by international researchers and engineers,and endeavors to serve as a bridge between Chinese and global researchers in the power industry.It is published by SGEPRI Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg commencing from June,2013.
摘要：12-pulse rectifier is extensively used in high power rectification, and the delta-connected autotransformer and wye-connected autotransformer are its two most popular phase-shift transformers. This paper compares the 12-pulse rectifiers using the two transformers via calculating the input line current, load voltage, kVA ratings of the two autotransformer, kVA ratings of the auxiliary magnetic devices. From the viewpoint of power quality of AC mains and DC side, the two 12-pulse rectifiers are the same. The kVA rating of the IPR in the two 12-pulse rectifiers are equal, and the kVA rating of the ZSBT in the two 12-pulse rectifier are also equal to each other, under the same load power. However, the kVA of the deltaconnected autotransformer is less than that of the wyeconnected autotransformer under the same load power.Some experimental results are shown to validate the correctness of the theoretical analysis.
摘要：To achieve economical compensation for the huge-capacity negative sequence currents generated by high-speed railway load, an electromagnetic hybrid compensation system(EHCS) and control strategy is proposed.The EHCS is made up of a small-capacity railway static power conditioner(RPC) and a large-capacity magnetic static var compensator(MSVC). Compared with traditional compensation methods, the EHCS makes full use of the SVC’s advantages of economy and reliability and of RPC’s advantages of technical capability and flexibility. Based on the idea of injecting a negative sequence, the compensation principle of the EHCS is analyzed in detail. Then the minimum installation capacity of an EHCS is theoretically deduced. Furthermore, a constraint optimization compensation strategy that meets national standards, which reduces compensation capacity further, is proposed. An experimental platform based on a digital signal processor(DSP) and a programmable logic controller(PLC) is built to verify the analysis. Simulated and experimental results are given to demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed method.
摘要：Unified power quality conditioner(UPQC)holds the capability of solving power quality problems,especially shows good performance in the voltage sag compensation. In this paper, a compensation strategy based on simultaneous reactive power injection for UPQC(namely UPQC-SRI) is proposed to address the issue of voltage sag. The proposed UPQC-SRI determines the injection angle of compensation voltage with consideration of optimal configuration of UPQC current-carrying.Moreover, the compensation strategy also considers the current-carrying limit of UPQC, and then the zero active power injection region of UPQC-SRI(also called UPQCSRI region) is obtained. Under the conditions which exceed the UPQC-SRI region, the limit value of shunt current is determined by this proposed strategy. Finally, the proposed strategy and the corresponding algorithm are verified under the PSCAD/EMTDC platform. The result indicates the proposed UPQC-SRI strategy in this paper can provide more persistent voltage sag compensation than the previous strategies for the sensitive load.
摘要：When multiple distributed converters are integrated, the high frequency harmonics will randomly accumulate at the point of common coupling(PCC). This paper proposes a new fast global synchronous discontinuous pulse width modulation(GSDPWM) method of threephase inverters to effectively attenuate the high frequency current harmonics at PCC. Firstly, the basic principle and the realization method of GSDPWM for three-phase inverters are explained, which can be employed for different modulation types. Then a fast calculation method,which can equally derive the minimized total harmonic distortion(THD) of total current, is proposed to release the calculation burden. Finally, MATLAB simulations and experimental results are presented to verify the performance of GSDPWM.
摘要：Microgrid(MG) is generally developed at utility terminal which contains lots of unbalanced loads and distributed generations(DGs). The interaction between MG and the unbalance loads or DGs will degrades the control performance of interfaced inverter in MG and dramatically leads to MG voltage unbalance. In this paper, a negative-sequence compensation based three-phase voltage unified correction strategy is proposed. While MG operates in islanded mode, a positive virtual impedance control is used to eliminate the negative voltage resulted from the negative-sequence current,and then a positive-sequence voltage control loop and negative-sequence control loop are used to improve the inverter control performance. While MG operates in grid-tied mode,the inverter operates as a negative-sequence current source to compensate the negative-sequence currents of loads to guarantee the point of common coupling(PCC) voltage balance.By using the proposed strategy, the voltage control performance of inverter can be improved;the MG power quality can be enhanced significantly. Simulation and experimental results verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.
摘要：Current quality is one of the most important issues for operating three-phase grid-connected inverter in distributed generation systems. In practice, the grid current quality is degraded in case of non-ideal utility voltage. A new control strategy is proposed for the three-phase gridconnected inverter. Different from the traditional method,our proposal utilizes the unique abc-frame complex-coefficient filter and controller to achieve the balanced, sinusoidal grid current. The main feature of the proposed method is simple and easy to implement without any frame transformation. The theoretical analysis and experimental test are presented. The experimental results verify the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy.
摘要：When the line impedance is considered in the microgrid, the accuracy of load sharing will decrease. In this paper, the impact of line impedance on the accuracy of load sharing is analyzed. A robust droop control for a highvoltage microgrid is proposed based on the signal detection on the high-voltage side of the coupling transformer. For a high-voltage microgrid, the equivalent impedance of coupling transformer connecting distributed generator with the grid is usually the dominate factor. Compared with the conventional droop control strategy, the proposed control method in this paper detects the feedback signal from the high-voltage side of the coupling transformer. The impact of line impedance on the load sharing accuracy can be mitigated significantly. The proposed droop control only changes the detection point of the feedback signal, thus it is easy to be implemented. The PSCAD/EMTDC simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed robust droop control concept in load sharing and voltage regulation with highly accuracy.
摘要：This paper firstly presents an equivalent coupling circuit modeling of multi-parallel inverters in microgrid operating in grid-connected mode. By using the model, the coupling resonance phenomena are explicitly investigated through the mathematical approach, and the intrinsic and extrinsic resonances exist widely in microgrid.Considering the inverter own reference current, other inverters reference current, and grid harmonic voltage, the distributions of resonance peaks with the growth in the number of inverters are obtained. Then, an active damping control parameter design method is proposed to attenuate coupling resonance, and the most salient feature is that the optimal range of the damping parameter can be easily located through an initiatively graphic method. Finally,simulations and experiments verify the validity of the proposed modeling and method.
摘要：The signal spectral leakage and fence effect are prone to take place during the power harmonic analysis by fast fourier transform(FFT) under asynchronous sampling.The inhibiting ability of classical window functions is restricted by side-lobe behaviors. A new type window function called time domain mutual-multiplication window, is obtained by multiplication operation of several window functions. A novel approach of harmonic analysis is developed through analyzing performances of main-lobe and side-lobe of the new window. Simulation results show that the time domain mutual-multiplication window can significantly suppress frequency spectral leakage and improve the accuracy of harmonic parameter estimation.
摘要：When a microgrid is mainly supplied by renewable energy sources(RESs), the frequency deviations may deteriorate significantly the power quality delivered to the loads. This paper proposes a frequency-based control strategy, ensuring the frequency among the strict limits imposed by the Standard EN 50160. The frequency of the microgrid common AC bus is determined by the energy storage converter, implementing a proposed droop curve among the state of charge(SoC) of the battery and the frequency. Therefore, the information of the SoC becomes known to every distributed energy resource(DER) of the microgrid and determines the active power injection of the converter-interfaced DERs. The active power injection of the rotating generators remains unaffected, while any mismatch among the power generation and consumption is absorbed by the energy storage system. Finally, in case of a solid short-circuit within the microgrid, the energy storage system detects the severe voltage decrease and injects a large current in order to clear the fault by activating the protection device closer to the fault. The proposed control methodology is applied in a microgrid with PVs, wind generators and a battery, while its effectiveness is evaluated by detailed simulation tests.
摘要：The increasing deployment of Distributed Generation(DG) technologies introduces power quality challenges to the grid, in particular steady state voltage rise at the connection point for DG units. In most distribution networks,control and monitoring of grid parameters is missing, as well as system security is at risk. Smart grid technologies have the capability to realize the real-time measurements and on-load voltage controls. With the steady implementation of smart grid technologies throughout the existing distribution networks, the online voltage control can be achieved ensuring the power quality and voltage levels within the statutory limits. This study presents a methodology for the estimation of voltage profile in a smart distribution network with DG for the online voltage control, taking into account different line X/R ratios and laterals. This method is based on maximum and minimum voltage estimation by remote terminal units(RTUs) placed only at DG connected bus and at capacitor connected bus. Voltage regulation is carried out based on RTUs estimated values. This work is tested on two radial distribution networks with/without DGs and laterals. Comparative results for voltage magnitudes estimated with different methodology are presented. The reported simulation results show that the method presented is capable of estimating the voltage profile along the distribution network with DGs for the online voltage control, considering different line X/R ratios and laterals.
摘要：Asymmetrical voltage swells during recovery of a short-circuit fault lead to fluctuations in the dc-link voltage of a renewable energy conversion system(RECS),and may induce reversed power flow and even trip the RECS. This paper studies characteristics of both typical causes resulting in the practical asymmetrical voltage swell and the voltage at the point of common coupling(PCC)during the fault recovery. As analyzed, the fault recovery process can be divided into two continuous periods in which different control strategies have to be applied. Also protective measures are necessary in the transient period of the process. Additionally, the asymmetrical high-voltage ride-through capability and the controllability criteria of the RECS are analyzed based on eliminating the fluctuations. Furthermore, an asymmetrical control scheme is proposed to maintain the controllability of the RECS and ride through the entire recovery process. As verified by the simulation, the scheme can promise the RECS to deal with the practical fault recovery period and mitigate the dc-link voltage fluctuations, which improves the reliability of the RECS and the power system.
摘要：With the significant improvement of microgrid technology, microgrid has gained large-scale application.However, the existence of intermittent distributed generations, nonlinear loads and various electrical and electronic devices causes power quality problem in microgrid, especially in islanding mode. An accurate and fast disturbance detection method which is the premise of power quality control is necessary. Aiming at the end effect and the mode mixing of original Hilbert-Huang transform(HHT), an improved HHT with adaptive waveform matching extension is proposed in this paper. The innovative waveform matching extension method considers not only the depth of waveform, but also the rise time and fall time. Both simulations and field experiments have verified the correctness and validity of the improved HHT for power quality disturbance detection in microgrid.
摘要：The unified power flow controller(UPFC)based on modular multilevel converter(MMC) is the most creative flexible ac transmission system(FACTS) device. In theory, the output voltage of the series MMC in MMCUPFC can be regulated from 0 to the rated value. However,there would be relatively large harmonics in the output voltage if the voltage modulation ratio is small. In order to analyze the influence of MMC-UPFC on the harmonics of the power grid, the theoretical calculation method and spectra of the output voltage harmonics of MMC are presented. Subsequently, the calculation formulas of the harmonics in the power grid with UPFC are proposed. Based on it, the influence of UPFC on the grid voltage harmonics is evaluated, when MMC-UPFC is operated with different submodular numbers and voltage modular ratios. Eventually, the proposed analysis method is validated using digital simulation. The study results would provide guideline for the design and operation of MMC-UPFC project.
摘要：With the wide application of non-linear loads and the large-scale access of distributed energy generations based on power electronics equipments, power quality problems in the distribution network are increasingly serious with new characteristics. Further in-depth research is of great significance in theory and practice. This paper provides an overview of power quality analysis, compensators, and control technologies under the new situation of smart grid. It focuses on the topologies and control methods for power quality conditioners, especially new characteristics of power quality and applicable control technologies in microgrids and distributed power plants.Finally, trends and prospects of power quality control technology are introduced, which is important to achieve security and efficient operation of smart grid.
摘要：More and more distributed generations (DGs)such as solar,wind,and energy storage,etc,inject into the power grid mainly through the power electronics equipments.Large-scale power electronic equipments connected to the grid bring new challenges for traditional power quality.Power quality analysis theory and control technology for smart grid will provide the comprehensive and systematic solutions and approaches in the application
摘要：www.mpce.info www.springer.com/40565 Aims Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy(MPCE)is dedicated to presenting top-level academic achievements in the fields of modern power systems and clean energy by international researches and engineers,and endeavors to serve as a bridge between Chinese and global researchers in the power industry.
摘要：The creation of a suitable wide area monitoring system(WAMS) is widely recognized as an essential aspect of delivering a power system that will be secure,efficient and sustainable for the foreseeable future. In Great Britain(GB), the deployment of the first WAMS to monitor the entire power system in real time was the responsibility of the visualization of real time system dynamics using enhanced monitoring(VISOR) project. The core scope of the VISOR project is to deploy this WAMS and demonstrate how WAMS applications can in the near term provide system operators and planners with clear, actionable information. This paper presents the wider scope of the VISOR project and the GB wide WAMS that has been deployed. Furthermore, the paper describes some of the WAMS applications that have been deployed and provides examples of the measurement device performance issues that have been encountered during the project.
摘要：Static security assessment(SSA) is an important procedure to ensure the static security of the power system.Researches recently show that cyber-attacks might be a critical hazard to the secure and economic operations of the power system. In this paper, the influences of false data injection attack(FDIA) on the power system SSA are studied. FDIA is a major kind of cyber-attacks that can inject malicious data into meters, cause false state estimation results, and evade being detected by bad data detection. It is firstly shown that the SSA results could be manipulated by launching a successful FDIA, which can lead to incorrect or unnecessary corrective actions. Then,two kinds of targeted scenarios are proposed, i.e., fake secure signal attack and fake insecure signal attack. The former attack will deceive the system operator to believe that the system operates in a secure condition when it is actually not. The latter attack will deceive the system operator to make corrective actions, such as generator rescheduling, load shedding, etc. when it is unnecessary and costly. The implementation of the proposed analysis is validated with the IEEE-39 benchmark system.
摘要：Dynamic operation and control of power system is being increasingly done with the help of phasor measurement unit(PMU) based wide area monitoring and control system. The data communication requirements for the PMU based applications are well addressed by IEEE C37.118.2 standard. However, IEC 61850 is now becoming a leading standard for power utility automation needs. A new part of IEC 61850, IEC 61850-90-5, specifying the IEEE C37.118.1 based synchrophasors data transfer according to IEC 61850, will lead to IEC 61850-90-5 based PMU communication networks. A novel IEC 61850-90-5 compliant communication model of PMU is proposed in this paper. We also present a comparative performance analysis of the PMU communication networks supporting the new synchrophasor standard for data transfer, i.e. IEC61850-90-5, and the existing standard, i.e. IEEE C37.118.2, for end to end(ETE) delay requirements for a modified IEEE 30 bus test system.
摘要：As the increasing number of Phasor Measurement Units(PMUs) are deployed, wide area protection in power systems has been gaining interest. In particular, fault detection, fault classification and fault area estimation are essential to reduce the damage of faults, and even prevent catastrophic cascades of failures. In this paper, we present a scheme for fault area estimation using PMUs and traveling wave theory. The purpose of this paper is to formulate a scheme for fault area estimation by calculating the approximate fault location based on traveling wave theory.This research has targeted at reliable operation of wide transmission system through the estimation of fault area.To verify the suggested scheme, the various simulations are performed in practical Korean power transmission system.The simulation results show that the proposed scheme has a good performance with high accuracy for estimating fault area.
摘要：The controlled islanding for the power system is an effective method to deal with the emergent situations caused by large disturbances. The size of the solution space would increase exponentially as the scale of the power grid increases. The goal of our controlled islanding strategy is to divide the system into several islands quickly. Meanwhile, the generator coherency and the power-flow disruption have to be taken into consideration carefully. This paper proposed a two-stage fast islanding strategy for large power networks, which is on the basis of large power grid graph theories. In the first stage, the Stoer-Wagner algorithm is employed to obtain the grouping cluster of coherent generators in the dynamic undirected liaison graph. In the second stage, the improved Dinic max-flow method is proposed to search the optimal splitting boundary so as to acquire the minimum power flow impact. Our two-stage islanding strategy does not need to reduce the whole power network. Simulations on IEEE 118-bus and162-bus power systems showed that the proposed strategy can acquire high quality solutions effectively and efficiently.
摘要：A reasonable islanding strategy of a power system is the final resort for preventing a cascading failure and/or a large-area blackout from occurrence. In recent years, the applications of wide area measurement systems(WAMS) in emergency control of power systems are increasing. Therefore, a new WAMS-based controlled islanding scheme for interconnected power systems is proposed. First, four similarity indexes associated with the trajectories of generators are defined, and the weights of these four indexes are determined by using the well-developed entropy theory. Then, a coherency identification algorithm based on hierarchical clustering is presented to determine the coherent groups of generators.Secondly, an optimization model for determining controlled islanding schemes based on the coherent groups of generators is developed to seek the optimal cutset. Finally, a 16-generator68-bus power system and a reduced WECC 29-unit 179-bus power system are employed to demonstrate the proposed WAMS-based controlled islanding schemes, and comparisons with existing slow coherency based controlled islanding strategies are also carried out.
摘要：Integration of primary and secondary devices are impelled by the development of smart grid. Based on the ideology of primary and secondary device integration, an all-in-one device and its concept, configuration and function are proposed. Then, an all-in-one device framework of distributed substation area protection is proposed. Point-topoint model and virtual local area network(VLAN) based network-to-network model are adopted in this framework.The dual redundancy on hardware and software level is realized by modularization and protection information mirroring storage/overwriting. Considering the fact that the sampling, logic judgment and information sharing processes of protection may fail in atrocious conditions, a distributed cooperative all-in-one device cluster based substation area joint defensive protection strategy is proposed. The adaptability of sectional component failure in secondary system is strengthened by reusing module function, setting value mirroring storage and dynamic load balancing computing ability to constitute strong intelligent outdoor secondary device integrated network. Finally, the simulation examples based on EPOCHS which consider various system failure conditions are presented to verify the validity and rationality of the proposed architecture and strategy.
摘要：This paper proposes a novel continuous wavelet transform(CWT) based approach to holistically estimate the dominant oscillation using measurement data from multiple channels. CWT has been demonstrated to be effective in estimating power system oscillation modes.Using singular value decomposition(SVD) technique, the original huge phasor measurement unit(PMU) datasets are compressed to finite useful measurement data which contain critical dominant oscillation information. Further,CWT is performed on the constructed measurement signals to form wavelet coefficient matrix(WCM) at the same dilation. Then, SVD is employed to decompose the WCMs to obtain the maximum singular value and its right eigenvector. A singular value vector with the entire dilation is constructed through the maximum singular values. The right eigenvector corresponding to the maximum singular value in the singular-value vector is adopted as the input of CWT to estimate the dominant modes. Finally, the proposed approach is evaluated using the simulation data from China Southern Power Grid(CSG) as well as the actual field-measurement data retrieved from the PMUs of CSG.The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed approach performs well to holistically estimate the dominant oscillation modes in bulk power systems.
热门主题：State Grid Electric Power Research Institute, China