摘要：通过对十多年来《中国日报》和《纽约时报》关于中关两国高考报道的比较研究发现，这两份报纸对高考的公平性都非常关注，发表相关报道近90篇。但两国对高考公平的关注点具有明显差异。美国的关注点集中在考试内容、残疾人、少数族裔、男女性别和不同家庭背景等几方面，重点是高考与教育过程和结果的公平；中国的关注点集中在进城务工人员随迁子女考试资格、地区差异、高考录取名额分配和考试作弊等几方面，重点是高考与教育机会的公平。在对高考改革的期待上，两国却有着高度的一致，都倾向于降低高考分数在录取中的权重。研究结果既显示了由于两国不同背景、不同发展水平对教育公平关注重点的不同，也显示了对高考改革的国际共同关注。%Through discussing differences in points of concern related to the equity of college admission examinations between China and United States of America by comparing reports in China Daily and The New York Times, it is showed that both of these major newspapers evinced concern by carrying about 90 relevant reports in the past decade. However, there appeared to be significant differences in points of concern between the two countries. The focus in the United States was on aspects of the contents of the examination (SAT) , the disabled, ethnic minorities, gender, and differences in family backgrounds, with an emphasis on the college entrance examination and equity of educational process and outcomes. In China, attention was concentrated on the examination qualifications of migrant workers' children, regional differences, the allocation of college admission quotas, and cheating on examinations, with an emphasis on the national college entrance examination and equal educational opportunities. However, in terms of the expectations of entrance examination reform, the two countries have a high degree of agreement, and both are tending to reduce the importance of the examination scores in the admission process. The findings not only highlight different concerns regarding educational equality because of their different backgrounds and different levels of development, but also reveal a shared concern about entrance examination reform in the two countries.