摘要：Humanities have discipline characteristics,compared with natural science.They are based upon national cultural tradition,with striking individualism and spiritual creation surpassing ideals.The development of their academic approa-ches can be divided into three phases:age of traditional humanistic approaches,natural scientific approaches and modern self-awareness.There are four subsequent and interdependent elements:explaining classics,understanding implication, experience life,and interpret significance.%人文学科具有不同于自然科学的学科特性，它是立足于民族文化传统基础之上，具有鲜明个体性和理想超越性的精神创造活动；人文学科学术方法的发展演变可分为三个阶段，即传统人文学方法时代、自然科学方法时代和人文学方法的现代自觉时代；而解读经典，理解意蕴，体验生命，阐释意义，则是人文研究方法前后相续、密切相联的四个学术环节。
摘要：In Logic ,Hegel links the subject's problem to choose with logical categories such as measure,contradiction, ground,disjunctive judgment.The ordinary ways dealing with decidophobia (e.g.,listing advantages and disadvantages, choosing randomly,avoiding comparison)do not ease the symptoms in an effective way.Hegelian philosophy reveals the impossibility to choose,addressing the arbitrariness and externality in every choosing act;what is more,the whole Logic bears a decidophobian atmosphere.However,Logic does contribute some principles to deal with the difficulty to choose, such as evaluating one's own choice seriously,resorting to an advanced issue.%在《逻辑学》中，黑格尔通过尺度、交错线、矛盾、根据、选言判断等范畴分析了主体的选择难题。解决选择困难问题的日常方法，如明确列出选项的优点和缺点、随机选择、避免对选择结果进行比较等，都无法有效缓解选择恐惧。黑格尔则揭示了选择的不可能性，强调选择无论如何都包含任意性和外在性。然而，《逻辑学》也为人们提供了应对选择困难的原则，如认真评价过去的选择、诉诸更高级别的范畴和问题等。
摘要：Zhao Zhen and Zhao Shidan is the relationship between grandparents and grandchildren,but many literatures wrongly recorded as uncle and nephew.Zhao's family originated from Chengwu,Danzhou (Chengwu,Shangdong now), which was mistakenly recorded in literature as Wucheng,Hebei or Shanfu,Shangdong.Zhao Zhen migrated to Xuancheng (Xuancheng,Anhui now)and Zhao Shidan family migrated to Shanyang,Chuzhou (Huanan,Jiangsu now).Zhao family's affinity reflected status and ability were valued in the literati family.Zhao Shidan died for the country,set up for loyalty model,bestowed and included in the ceremony many times.The imperial court strengthened indoctrination and Zhao fam-ily kept prosperous for years.%文献记载中多误以赵稹、赵师旦为叔侄，二人实乃叔祖-侄孙关系。赵稹、赵师旦家族原籍单州成武县(今山东成武县)，文献中或误作武城(今河北武城县)或概言单父(治今山东单县)，均不确。赵稹徙居宣城(今安徽宣城)，赵师旦一系徙居楚州山阳(今属江苏淮安)。赵氏家族的姻亲关系反映出宋代士大夫家族婚姻重门第与才识的特点。赵师旦壮烈殉国，被王朝树为忠义典范，屡被封赐，列入祀典。王朝通过祠神封赐推进教化，赵氏家族则积极借王朝对赵师旦忠义殉国的褒扬维持家族长盛不衰。
摘要：从中国诗学批评史来看，金代诗学的几种批评形式出现了一些重要新变。诗话相对冷落，却体现出远离宋人诗话、独立发展的倾向；论诗诗逐渐兴盛，以七绝为主流形式，元好问、王若虚的论诗绝句是论诗诗史上的第一次高峰，影响深远；《中州集》等选本及其相关的诗人传记，完善了选本这一批评方式，发展了评传这一新型方式。金代诗学批评形式的这些新变推动了中国古代诗学批评史的发展。%Considering Chinese history of poetic criticism,there are some new important changes in the forms of criticism in the Jin Dynasty.Relatively deserted,the criticism tended to be independent.Poetic Criticism began to boom,mainly four-line poems with seven characters and Yuan Haowen and Wang Ruoxu's poetic criticism was the first summit in critic history with far-reaching influence.Some anthologies,such as Zhongzhou Collections and relative poets'biographies per-fected and developed the form.These new changes in the Jin Dynasty triggered the development of ancient Chinese critic history.
摘要：The purpose is to reveal the reasons for misunderstanding of Moral Classics in history,which is a book of life noumenon with inseparable thinking indescribable in western dichotomy of subject and object.The pauses and chapter di-vision of Moral Classics are closely associated with thinking.With dichotomy,the book wound be confusing.Zhuang Zi is a real interpreter of Moral Classics .Life has “noumenon”and “utility”.Moral Classics is an example of “noumenon”while Zhuang Zi is an example of “utility”.The integrity of “noumenon and utility”,and Lao Tzu and Zhuang Zi can prevent misunderstanding of Moral Classics.%旨在揭示历代读老、解老者误读和错解《道德经》的原因。《道德经》是讲生命本体的书，思维方式的特点是整体、不可分割的，不能用西方的主客二分法来解释。《道德经》的断句和分章与思维方式紧密相连，若用主客二分法进行断句和分章，结果只能是乱上加乱。庄子才是《道德经》的真正的解释者，生命有“体”有“用”，《道德经》是描绘“体”的典范，《庄子》是描绘“用”的楷模；“体用一如”，《老》《庄》一体，方可避免许多对《道德经》的误读和错解。
摘要：The population growth during the early Qing Dynasty made it possible to extensively launch agricultural,indus-trial and commercial activities,which formed a interactive mechanism between population production and material goods production.The population growth and extensive exploitation of resources became the main driving force for the develop-ment of agricultural economy.On the other hand,every effort to improve grain production boosted population growth, exacerbating the serious relationship between population,resources and environment.After the middle Qing Dynasty, grain production amounted to its summit and population growth was not under control,which caused people's life to de-cline,“Multhus Crisis”in economy.This process left a profound lesson for the later generations in the aspect of popula-tion control and resource utilization.%清前期人口持续增长，为生计所需广泛展开了农业、工商业等生产经营活动，形成了人口生产与物质资料生产相互促进的机制，人口增长及资源的粗放式开发、利用成为农业经济发展的主要动力。另一方面，为保障民生而发展粮食生产的种种努力，愈发促进了人口增长，加剧了人口与资源、环境之间的紧张关系。清中叶以降，粮食生产能力近于极限而人口增长少有节制之下，民众生活水平趋于下降，社会经济在相当程度上陷入了“马尔萨斯危机”。这一盛衰演替的过程在人口规模调控、资源利用方式等方面为后世留下了深刻的历史教训。
摘要：The landscape exists for century,which affects four seasons,and shapes the various discourses on the interac-tion between nature and human beings.In politics,they have protocol for four seasons.In agriculture,they have lunar calendar for instruction.In philosophy,they have various discourses on the interaction between nature and human beings. In literature,they have lyrical tradition which is related to the literate’s perception for spring and fall.Combine time se-quence with landscape,which focus on the relation between nature and living beings started by Du Fu’s poetry “Jiang shan ru you dai,hua liu geng wu si”(hou you)and “Ji Ji chun jiang wan,xin xin wu zi si”(Jiang ting).First,examine phrases relevant to “mount-river”and landscape,which represents the characteristics of time sequence and the southern from“mount-river”.Secondly,concentrate on real landscape and the representation of landscape in Du Fu’s poetry,which shapes the paragon of Du Fu in landscape poetry.Finally,analyze the interaction between time sequence and landscape through close reading of poetry and comments in the past dynasties.The ultimate goal is to construct the accessible path to the poetic discourses on phenology.%江山的亘古存在，与四时的变动不居，形构成极其繁复的天、人论述，有政治上四时郊祭的礼仪，有农业上耕种收藏的作息，有思想上天人感应的各家论述，有文学上春思秋悲的抒情传统。结合时序与山水，藉由杜甫“江山如有待，花柳更无私”与“寂寂春将晚，欣欣物自私”所开启的问题意识，爬梳“江山”与“山水”相关词群，探讨“江山”的南方属性与时序特质；聚焦讨论杜甫的图画山水与实体山水，尝试提出杜甫所形塑的“山水”新典范；从“江山有待”论述时序与山水的交响，藉由细读诗歌文本与历代诗评、诗话，寻绎建构物候诗学的可能路径。
摘要：With the adjustment of the social stratum structure entering a new stage,whether the opportunities of mobility,especially upward mobility,is fair and reasonable has become a universal sensitive topic. The current hot topic of “rich second generation”,“official second generation”,“poor second generation”and “daddy-is-the-key”and other phe-nomena reflect the problem. But large scale social surveys show that China's social stratum structure has become more and more open since the reform and opening up and the social stratum presents high flow characteristics. The inheritance rate of the superior stratum is low,the young people in the agricultural laborer stratum and the unemployed or semi-un-employed people stratum has more and more opportunities to move upward,the intellectual stratum maintains a stable level of inheritance. Scientific judgment of the current inheritance degree of “X second generation”has a great significance for the media and the academic community to guide the correct understanding of the “second generation”phenomenon.%随着我国社会阶层结构调整进入了新阶段，各阶层之间流动，尤其是向上流动的机会是否公平合理成为带有普遍性的敏感话题。当前舆论热议的“富二代”“官二代”“穷二代”“拼爹”等现象反映了这个问题。但是大规模的社会调查显示，改革开放以来中国社会阶层结构日益开放，社会阶层呈现高流动特征。优势阶层的代际继承率低，农业劳动者阶层和失业、半失业人员阶层子女中的青年人向上流动机会较多，知识分子阶层则保持着较为稳定的阶层继承率。科学判断当前“X 二代”的代际继承程度，对于媒体和学界正确引导舆论理性认识“二代”现象具有重要意义。
摘要：毛泽东历来重视群众监督，力图通过发动和依靠人民群众监督权力，打造一个贴近群众、清正廉洁的党和政府，也曾通过一系列的制度建设取得过良好的效果。但在其晚年陷入群众运动天然合理的迷雾，由正常的“发动群众监督”，转向“运动群众监督”。这种偏差的产生，既有古代中国封建专制传统以及近代中国革命群众运动传统的影响，也与毛泽东对现代民主法制认识的淡薄有关。总结毛泽东在这方面的成功与教训，为我们避免“运动式群众监督”，重建“制度性群众监督”提供了宝贵的经验。%Mao Zedong had always attached importance to mass supervision.He tried to create the clean and honest party and government through the power of the mass supervision.And it has achieved good results with some series of system building.However,in his later years,Mao Zedong was trapped into a reasonable and natural confusion of mass move-ment,and turned his bearing from “awareness of mass supervision”to “movement of mass supervision”.This disparity was not only due to the feudal and autocratic traditions in ancient China,but also to the superficial understanding of mod-ern democracy and legality by Mao Zedong.It can prevent “campaign-style mass supervision”and provide some valuable experience in the institutional mass supervision reconstruction to summarize success and lessons from Mao Zedong.
摘要：How local knowledge evolved into universal knowledge had been an important target since Chinese philosophy discipline was established in the modern times.It was also an important goal when Chinese philosophy derives from tradi-tion to modernity.As a premise,to reflect on philosophical concepts,such as essential characteristics and research meth-ods,is the key to answer the question.Lao Sze-kwang had a profound discussion on it.It is of significance for contempo-rary and future research in philosophy to reflect on his theories and its limitations.%如何由地方性的知识发展而为具有普遍性的知识，是中国哲学学科自近代创立以来的一个重要目标，也是中国哲学由传统型态向现代型态转变的重要指标。在反省哲学概念的前提下，对中国哲学的本质特征及其研究方法进行省察，乃是回答上述问题的关键。劳思光对上述问题有深刻的探讨，展示他的相关论述，反省其理论意义及其局限，对当前及未来的中国哲学研究具有一定的意义。
摘要：英汉语中的小句结构统一表现为嵌套时态短语的话题短语投射。英语小句中的时态成分在不同小句类型中具有实现事件论元的可选性特征，其句法结果为英语名词小句和形容词小句中的主语移位至话题短语指定语位置，而英语动词小句中话题短语指定语的位置由小代语 pro 占据。话题短语指定语位置上成分的不同造成了英语不同小句中主语被动化提取的差别。汉语中的时态成分同样在实现事件论元方面具有可选性特征。汉语补足语小句中的时态成分选择不实现事件论元，因此汉语名词小句和形容词小句中话题短语指定语位置上的成分为小代语 pro。汉语独立小句中的时态则选择实现事件论元，其主语实现为话题。%The structure of English and Chinese small clauses is represented uniformly as a TopP projection embedded with a TP projection.The English T has the optionality of realizing event argument in different types of small clauses,the syntactic consequence of which is that the subject of English nominal and adjectival small clauses moves to Spec-TopP while this counterpart position for verbal small clauses is filled by pro,and this difference in Spec-TopP position leads to the difference in small clause subject passivization.The Chinese T also possesses the feature of optionality in terms of e-vent argument realization.The Chinese T in complement small clauses chooses not to realize the event argument,and the Spec-TopP position of Chinese nominal small clauses and adjectival small clauses is occupied by pro.The Chinese T choo-ses to realize the event argument in independent small clauses,and the subject of impendent small clauses is interpreted as a topic.
摘要：Offsite pension refers to the way that elders don't change their household register and leave their home to live in another place,which is one of floating and migrant elders.This is not an irrational action for the offsite elders to simply pursue self pleasure,but a rational choice based on the cost-profit economic factors and social factors such as the demand of offspring and themselves.%异地养老是老年人在不改变户籍的情况下，离开原居住地前往其它地方进行养老的方式，老漂族与候鸟老人都是其现实形态。异地养老并不是老年人单纯追求自身享乐的非理性的行为，而是在外在结构因素制约下，综合考虑异地养老成本与收益等经济因素以及子女、自身需求等社会因素而做出的理性选择行为。
摘要：微政治是当前政治发展的新样态，公众的社会情绪是微政治的主要表征。网络社交媒体和自媒介的发展为公众社会情绪的宣泄提供了主要渠道。微政治的发展，为政治责任主体的转向提供了可能，公众成为新一代的政治责任主体，他们在履行政治责任时，主要通过舆论表达、社会监督来参与社会公共事务和民主管理。政治亚文化在微政治的发展过程中，一定程度上取代了主流意识形态功能，对政治稳定和发展产生了影响。加强责任政府的建立，满足公众的知情权、参与权与监督权，对社会情绪进行有效地疏导，是促进微政治良性发展的主要途径。%Micro politics was the new shape of the current political development and the public mood are the main manifes-tations of the political society.The development of networking social media and self media provide main channel for the social mood.Micro political development makes it possible for the public to change political responsibility main body and become a new generation subject.They apply public opinion expression and social supervision to implement their power and participate in social public affairs and democratic management.Political subculture,in the process of the development of the micro politics,partially replaces the mainstream ideological function,deeply influencing political stability and de-velopment.To strengthen the establishment of responsible government,meet the public's right to know,participate and supervise,to effectively ease social mood,are the main ways to promote the benign development of micro politics.
摘要：Abundant ecological benefits and contradiction ideas are in Marx and Engels'theory.They sharply criticized the phenomenon under the capitalist system in the 1 9th century,such as the extreme deterioration of the mankind's living en-vironment,serious confrontation and differentiation of ecological needs and unfair distribution of ecological benefits.At the same time,they elaborated on the nature of ecological benefits and contradiction ideas based on the theory of historical materialism,revealed the internal causes of the capitalism's ecological benefits and contradictions,and dictated the possible paths to resolve the issues from the perspective of historical development of human society.%马克思、恩格斯有着丰富的生态利益矛盾思想。他们尖锐地批判了19世纪资本主义制度下人的生存环境恶化、生态需求严重对立分化、生态利益分配显失公正等现象。以唯物史观为立论基础，阐明了生态利益矛盾的本质属性，揭示了资本主义生态利益矛盾产生的内在根源，从人类社会历史发展规律的高度，指明了人类社会化解生态利益矛盾的路径。
摘要：Moral luck is inner to our real life world and in actuality it influences our moral judgment and assessment.Dem-onstrate the complicated connotation of moral luck by Gauguin,and elucidate its relevance to economy.Then by the Mer-ck case,analyze the risk which is an intimate concept of luck,as well as of its meaning in the special field of business eth-ics.Finally,put forward the influence of moral luck on business ethics in three aspects.%道德运气是内在于真实生活世界并在实际上影响着我们的道德判断与评价。通过画家高更案例阐释一般意义上的道德运气的复杂含义，并说明它与经济的关联。通过默克案例，分析与运气相关联的风险及其在特殊的企业伦理领域中的意义。最后，从三个方面说明道德运气对于企业伦理的影响。
摘要：语法构式与修辞构式共处于同一个连续统中，之间不可能有一个分明的界线，重“通”或重“工”的语用功能是分别构式性质的前提。修辞构式必有语法构式的依托，语法构式衍变为修辞构式基于构式词变、义变、式变等多种因素的相互作用，是构式意义压制的必然后果。修辞构式向新的语法构式的转化是语法类推机制作用的结果，修辞构式有限的能产性磨蚀了构式不可推导性的根基，也成为衍生新的非典型语法构式的基础。%There is no clear boundary between grammatical structure and rhetorical structure,since they exist in a same continuum.Pragmatic functions are premises to distinguish the property of structure.Rhetorical structure should be based on a grammatical structure,and grammatical structure develop to a rhetorical structure which was caused by the suppres-sion of structural meaning,the interaction among the changes of words,meaning and structures etc.Rhetorical structure changes to a new grammatical structure,which is the result of grammatical analogy mechanism.Limited production of rhetorical structure shakes the basis of structural quality of un-analogy,and becomes the basis of a new uncharacteristic grammatical structure.
摘要：Study Chinese domestic market integration and its development trend in the period of 1 992-201 1 on the view of relative price.The result shows that the level of Chinese domestic market integration has been enhanced.But the market integration process has not been easy.To every province,although the trend of market integration is basically the same with the nation,the process of market integration still has differ-ences among the provinces,especially,the low market integration level in Beijing,Tianjin and Shanghai.%基于相对价格的视角，研究了1992－2011年间中国国内市场整合水平及其发展趋势，结果显示：这一时期中国国内市场整合水平是逐渐提高的，但市场整合进程并非一帆风顺。虽然各省区在此期间市场整合走势与全国走势基本相同，但不同省区的市场整合进程存在差异，特别是京津沪三个市的市场整合水平偏低。
摘要：在国家有关部门明令禁止以前，我国曾有大量企业和个人从事互联网公益彩票的销售业务，绝大多数销售者并未取得过相关行政部门的授权，实质上一直处于“无证经营”的行政违法状态，司法实务中业已出现此类行为是否涉嫌非法经营罪的案件。通过对“国家规定”涵盖范围的分析，同地方彩票销售机构合作互联网销售公益彩票行为并不满足该罪的犯罪构成；对于其他类型擅自在互联网上销售公益彩票的行为而言，由于并没有严重侵害非法经营罪的法益，亦不宜作犯罪化处理。%Before national authorities forbade online lotteries,there are a large number of enterprises and in-dividuals engaged in online sales of public welfare lottery tickets.Most of them were unlicensed sellers,a state of administrative violation of “unlicensed business”.There are some cases about whether these acts al-leged in illegal business crime.By analyzing relevant “national regulations”,online sellers who cooperated with local official agencies do not commit such a crime.For other sellers,since their behaviors do not violate the legal interest which illegal business crime protected,so their conducts were also not guilty.
摘要：As an important development stage,the unconventional intellectuals of Eastern Jin Dynasty showed a high degree of poetic and artistic beauty.With the book of Shi Shuo Xin Yu as a medium,based on the deep interest to the graceful but not showy personality,Li Bai took a poetic way of acceptance to the behavior and spirit of the unconventional intellectuals in the Eastern Jin Dynasty.The elegant and unconven-tional personality and temperament,the special designed way up into the official group and his seeking for equal relationship with the senior officer all had a close relationship with this acceptance way.Meanwhile, he also put the easy sprit into the poetry and formed his own unusual elegance.%作为魏晋风度的一个重要发展阶段，东晋名士风流呈现出高度的诗性与艺术美。以«世说新语»为媒介，以风流蕴藉的人格趣尚为契合点，李白对东晋名士风流采取了一种诗性的接受方式。其飘逸不群的人格气质、入仕方式的设定以及平交王侯的干谒心态都与东晋名士风流有着密切关系。同时，将东晋名士的逸兴勃发和任乐精神纳入到诗歌创作中，形成了飘逸俊发的诗歌风貌。
摘要：The constructions of the Five-Ritual systems during Liang Dynasty included three phases:The first phase from 505 to 525 was the establishing period;the second from 525 to 546 was the Buddhist peri-od;the last from 547 to 557 was the reflected and critical period.A lot of famous writers,such as XiaoYan, XiaoTong,ShenYue,RenFang,Xu Mian,Lu Chui,Dao Qia,Zhang Zuan,and so on,participated in deba-ting and formulating the Five-Ritual systems,which had a great influence on their own literary creations,so far as to impact the transitions of the literary world during Liang Dynasty.It took on three phrases features that were Confucian rhetoric in the early-stage,quaint-gorgeous mutually exclusive in the middle stage and literature apart from morality in the last stage.Xiao Gang's made the excessive intervention of the Five-Ritu-al systems in the literary arena,and set up a series of propositions to emphasize the literary aesthetic and entertaining functions.On this basis he maintained the literature should break away from Confucian ethical systems.Xiao Yi tried to run the state by Confucian political systems with loyalty and filial piety as the core. He criticizesd the trend of literature apart from morality in the late Liang Dynasty in depth and wanted to find the way to combine the literature and morality in the literary world.%萧梁五礼制度历经天监四年至普通六年的确立期，普通六年至中大同年间的佛化期，以及太清、承圣、太平年间的反思批判期。萧衍、萧统、沈约、任昉、徐勉、陆倕、到洽、张缵等诸多文坛名士主导或参与议礼、制礼事宜，深湛的礼学修养与经学根底渗透到创作中来，进而对文运变转产生深刻影响。萧梁文坛随着五礼制度的沿革，先后呈现梁初崇典尚雅、中期典丽分趋、末期文道相分的阶段性特征。萧纲针对五礼制度化过度干预文事创作的弊端，主张文学娱情审美功能与载道宣教功能的彻底疏离。萧绎在梁末乱局中重新标举忠孝治国，深入批判文道相分的弊症，试图走出文道相合的折中之路。
摘要：从前现代社会向现代性社会转变，实现了两个重要的翻转：一是从“信仰支配世界”到“欲望支配世界”的翻转，二是从非经济性向经济性的翻转，它求解着资本出场的人性视域，彰显出资本对人性的激活；同时，资本又使人性异化，并通过异化———物化———幻化表现出来。人性的孤立化与社会化、资本的在场性与人性的进步性，进一步指认了资本与人性之间的二律背反：资本激活人性与异化人性。因此，只有对资本进行精神与人性的批判，才能彰显人类进步的意义与伟大；人性只有接受资本的考验与冲刷，才能表征人类生存化世界的意义与伟大。%There are tow reversals in the change from traditional society to modern society:one is reversal from "belief dominating the world" and the second is from non-economy to economy.It explores the hu-man nature in appearances of capital and shows out capital's activation on humanity while capital alienates humanity through antinomy.Isolation of human nature,together with socialization,the presence of capital and progress of human nature,further identifies antinomy of capital and human nature:capital activates and alienates human nature.Only the way of spiritual and humane criticism in capital,can make human progress meaningful and great;only through trials of capital,can survival of the world be of significance and great-ness.
摘要：20世纪的世界具有整体的特征，在这个时代，发生在局部地区的“地方性”事件，往往有世界性的意义。法西斯主义从兴起到灭亡都对世界造成了深刻的影响，从全球视野来看，任何对法西斯的抵抗都有世界历史意义。中国人民的抗日战争从一开始就具有反侵略的民族战争和反法西斯战争的双重性质。作为一场世界人民反法西斯的战争，第二次世界大战开始于1931年“九一八”事变以后中国的抗日战争。%There is an integral feature in the 20th century,when"local" events have globalized significance. Fascism had a great impact on the world from its rise to death.Seen from a global perspective,any resist-ance against Fascism has world historical significance.Chinese people's Anti-Japanese War has the features of anti-aggression and anti-Fascism from the beginning.As a world anti-Fascist war,World WarⅡ began from Chinese Anti-Japanese War after the"9.18" incident in 1 931.
摘要：嵇康四言诗是他的重要代表作品，以三国魏朝时独树一帜，在中国诗歌史具有重要的地位，其中明显地受到«诗经»风雅精神的泽溉与当时兴起的玄学思想的影响。二者的融合有着独特的路径。嵇康依据自己的人生哲学与人格精神，对于传统的«诗经»风雅精神与玄学思想作了自然天成的融合，其中蕴含着许多深沉的人文意韵。%Four-character poems are Ji Kang's representative works,unique in Wei among the Three King-doms and remarkable in the history of Chinese poetry,noticeably influenced by feng ya in The Book of Songs and metaphysics at that time.The combination of the two points is distinctive.According to his life philosophy and personality spirit,Ji Kang integrated feng ya into metaphysics naturally,whose secret has profound humanistic implication.
摘要：保罗·利科在“事件”的维度上赋予言谈、话语、文学触及存在本身的“意义”。他从对当代思想中言语与劳动间关系的反思出发，将言语视为人自身的有限性构成，理论与实践的中介；在话语的时间性、意向性、主体性、他者维度上确立其事件性，话语构成意义与事件的中介；文学话语在现实的意谓之外具有意谓维度，即可能世界，其中小说和诗歌以潜在的模式意指存在本身，在日常现实之外打开了一个可能性。%Paul Ricoeur endows the being-related “meaning”with speech,discourse and literature on the perspective of discourse event.From Ricoeur's reflections on the relationship between speech and labor in the contemporary thoughts,he views speech as a limited composition,a medium of theory and practice.Ricoeur establishes the eventness of discourse from four perspectives:timeliness,intentionality,subjectivity and otherness.Literary discourse has an unique one:world,where novels and poetry can find a path to being with potential mode and provide another kind of possibility.
摘要：There is a close connection between the radicalism of the Chinese New Culture Movement and that of the French Enlightenment.Chen Duxiu,the standard-bearer of the Chinese New Culture Movement, used to be an out-and-out “Francophile”,which was an outcome of the “Cult of France”prevailing in early 20th century China,in fact a popular worship of the radical revolutionary culture produced by the French Revolution.The radicalism of the Revolution derived from that of the French Enlightenment,while the origin of both was the intensive preference of the French nation for the value of “equality”.Both the Chinese and French nations bravely chose radical revolution to destroy regime of inequality,and readily faced all negative effects of this action.The French reformation projects of the political culture following the Revolu-tion,or the whole historical experiences of the French political modernization,might be worthy of our close concern.%中国新文化运动的激进性和法国启蒙运动的激进性密切相关。中国启蒙运动的旗手陈独秀是一个不折不扣的“法国迷”，这是当时中国盛行的一种“法国崇拜”的结果，而这种“法国崇拜”其实就是对法国大革命产生的那种激进革命文化的崇拜。法国大革命的激进性源自法国启蒙的激进性，其根本缘由是法兰西民族对“平等”价值的强烈偏好。中法两个民族都勇敢地选择了激进革命来摧毁不平等的制度，都愿意坦然面对由此产生的一切负面效应。法国革命后的政治文化革新工程应引起我们的高度重视，法国政治现代化的历史经验值得我们借鉴。
摘要：Yu Dafu's novels display romantic and realistic features in theme,lyrical methods,structure and pursuit of natural and emotional beauty.They are a poetic,sentimental,and unique literary landscape, which improves Chinese literary taste in novels and lyrical literature.His style is distinctive,but imperfect, providing imaginary space for aesthetic reading towards “ascending beauty”.%郁达夫小说在题材选择、抒情方式、结构形态和自然美、感伤美追求诸方面，呈现出带写实风的浪漫抒情特征。它是一道诗意盈盈，情意绵绵，风格独异的文学风景，提升了中国现代小说和抒情文学的艺术品位。郁达夫的风格奇特，但不是完美的，它给我们的审美阅读“朝着美的上升”提供了想象空间。