摘要：T he rise of studies on Chinese hermeneutics is closely related to the popularity and introduction of western hermeneutics .However ,there are some more fundamental reasons .In fact , to establish a kind of modern hermeneutics has been the inherent and nameless requirement and career of modern Chinese civilization and now is even seen as an important historical mission that Chinese scholars should undertake consciously in the Post‐Western Era . This kind of discussions from the perspective of universal movement of modernity will help us get a deeper understanding of the significance of hermeneutics in modern society and of the theoretical basis of the concept of“Chinese hermeneutics” .%“中国诠释学”研究的兴起与流行固然与成为国际显学的西方诠释学传入中国密切相关，但更根本的原因则在于，建立中国现代诠释学乃是中华文明在现代社会的内在要求，也是现代中国学术一直以“有实无名”的方式在努力探索的现代事业，更是“后西方”时代中国学者自觉承担的历史使命。从普遍的现代性运动角度探讨这一问题，不仅有助于我们更深入地理解诠释学对于现代社会的重要意义，也有助于我们从根本上思考“中国诠释学”这一概念得以成立的学理依据。
摘要：Upscale hotels are paying increasing attention to Customer Experience Value as an important way to become more competitive .Customer Experience ,which is personalized and often affected by the personal experiences and values of a customer ,should be measured and valued in a certain social and cultural context .In spite of the Customer Experience Scale developed by hotels in the West ,Chinese hotels still need such a scale exclusively designed for themselves .This paper develops its own scale to measure Customer Experience by drawing on the connotations of Customer Experience and China’s context .The reliability and validity of the scale are also verified from many angles .Qualitative Research Methods and Quantitative Research Methods are both adopted and combined in this paper . Results show that Customer Experience consists of five dimensions :Environment ,Convenience ,Satisfaction ,Motivation and Switching Costs .%体验经济时代，顾客不仅是产品和服务的消费者，还扮演了服务共同创造者和体验共同参与者角色。高档酒店日益重视顾客体验价值，并视其为提升竞争力的重要手段。而顾客体验具有个性化特点，易受到顾客经历及价值观等因素的影响，其测度往往离不开一定的社会、文化背景。尽管西方开发出酒店顾客体验量表，但还没有基于中国背景的高档酒店顾客体验量表。在剖析顾客体验内涵的基础上，基于中国情境，运用定性研究和定量研究相结合的方法开发了顾客体验的测量工具，并从多个角度验证了量表的信度和效度，分析结果显示酒店顾客体验由五个维度组成，分别为环境、便捷性、满意度、激励和转换成本。
摘要：私法在城乡一体化建设中有重要作用。在城镇化中保护农民权益应坚持平等、自愿、公平原则。平等原则是现代法治的要求。平等原则要求农民与城市居民具有平等的法律地位，享受平等的权利，受法律平等保护。对农民享有的房屋所有权和土地使用权予以差别对待，对农民的财产权利的权能予以限制等规定和做法，既违反平等原则，也不符合改革的要求。自愿原则的核心内容是自主权。凡涉及农民利益的事项，应由其自主决定。自愿以自由为前提，自由是自愿的表现。有了农民的自由，经济就有活力。只有使城镇化成为农民的自愿行为才能实现预期目标，政府在城镇化中应发挥引导作用而非起主导作用。公平也就是正义，是法律的一般价值。在城镇化中特别应重视交易中的公平，不能限制资源的市场交易价格。基于社会公共利益的需要，有必要对某些农民的权利行使自由予以合理的限制，但这种限制不是利益的剥夺，必须对受限制而会失去利益的农民予以合理补偿。%Private law plays an important role in the integration of urban and rural areas.In the protection of the rights and interests of the farmers in the urbanization should adhere to equality, voluntary and fair principle.The principle of equality is the request of the modern rule of law.The equality principle requires that the farmers and the city residents have equal legal status,enjoy the equal rights,and protected by the equality of law.Differently treating the farmers ’ housing ownership and land use rights as well as setting restrictions on the power of property rights of farmers not only violates the principle of equality,but also does not conform to the reform of the requirements.The core content of the voluntary principle is autonomy.The matters concerned the interests of the farmers should be determined by their own initiative.Freedom is the premise and freedom is the manifestation of voluntary.With the freedom of the farmers,the economy has the vigor.Only by making the voluntary behavior of the farmers can realize the expected target,and the government should play a guiding role instead of the leading role in the urbanization.Justice is the general value of law.In the urbanization,governments should pay special attention to the fair in the transaction,and they cannot limit the resources market transaction price.Based on the needs of public interests,it is necessary to give farmers freedom and set reasonable restrictions.This restriction is not a deprivation.For the farmers who lose the interests,reasonable compensation should be paid.
摘要：Stock index future is one of the most important financial derivatives in capital market,so it becomes the center of attention among many researchers in this field.In order to study its ability to resolve new information and the risk spill-over effect between stock index and the stock market, using 5-min high frequency data,we test for the co-integration relationship between HS300 stock index future and HS300 stock index,and then we use vector error correction model to test for the Lead-lag relationship between them.The results show that stock index futures have stronger price discover ability.In addition,by using BEKK-GARCH model,it is proved that there are significant volatility spill-over effect between these two markets.%股指期货不仅是当今资本市场上最受关注的金融产品，也是最有活力的风险管理工具之一。也自然而然成为当前金融前沿研究领域中的热点。为了深入探究股指期货市场对新信息的吸收能力，考察股指期货市场与股指现货市场之间的风险传递效应，从实证角度考察沪深300股指期货和股指现货之间的相互作用，利用5分钟高频数据，验证了两者之间的协整关系，进一步运用向量误差修正模型证明了两者互为 Granger 原因；同时发现，股指期货的引导能力较强。另外，在波动溢出方面，运用 BEKK-GARCH 模型，证明两者存在相互的波动溢出效应。
摘要：近年来，我国精神文明建设取得了长足进步，国家下大力气改变文化格局，提升文化软实力，取得了巨大的成就。但同时，在文化领域还存在着一些亟待解决的问题。全面认识当代中国文化生态存在的突出问题，分析和把握造成这些问题的原因，从而探析可能的解决途径，能够使中国的文化生态实现良性平衡和可持续发展。%In recent years,China has improved in leaps and bounds for its spiritual civilization construction and made a real achievement in efforts to form new cultural pattern and promote cultural soft power.However,there still exist some problems in the domain of culture that demand prompt solution.For the sake of the beneficial balance and sustainable development of cultural ecology in China,we should enhance our awareness about the crucial issues in cultural ecology, analyze and ascertain the causes,and eventually probe into the possible solutions.
摘要：Maritime Silk Road (MSR)plan in the 21 st century is China’s all-round open strategy under the background of the economic rise, in which the strategy itself contains profound geopolitical characteristics.The power games among major powers will change the structure of regional maritime politics.This paper presents an analytical framework about strategy spillover effects that the evolution of strategic intent and state can lead to different types of strategy spillover effects.Based on rebalancing strategy for Asia-Pacific,the Obama administration launched sea power strategy for East Asia in 2015,which released so many signals as the strategic intention and state will.The research results show that there are three effects of America’s sea power strategy for East Asia on the 21 st Century Maritime Silk Road Plan.The positive general effect is to broaden the Sino-U.S.cooperation for common interests.The negative effect is that the mistrust between two countries will lead to more conflicts in maritime.The uncertain effect is defined by America’s cognitive on China’s maritime rising.The success of the 21 st century MSR in the future depends on the new type maritime relation of great powers.%21世纪海上丝绸之路建设是中国经济崛起背景下全方位对外开放的重大战略部署，这一战略本身就蕴含着深刻的地缘政治色彩，大国关系的权力博弈将改变地区的海洋政治版图。战略外溢效应的分析框架认为，战略意图、国家意志的演变会导致战略外溢效应的类型差异。在美国亚太再平衡战略实施中，奥巴马政府推出了以东亚为重点的海权战略。这一新战略释放了其在东亚的海洋战略意图、介入东亚海洋权益的国家意志以及维护海洋合作意愿等多重信号。美国东亚海权战略对中国21世纪海上丝绸之路建设的外溢效应存在正和效应、负和效应和不确定效应三种可能性。未来中国海上丝绸之路建设的可持续发展，有赖于中美两国能否构建互信、稳定及可预期的新型大国海洋关系。
摘要：慈善组织自治是慈善事业发展的基础，但慈善组织并不具备使其自治功能充分实现的完全理性，需要由国家和政府对其自治行为实施引导和规范等监管措施。从慈善组织追求目标的公益性和内部治理机制的固有缺陷视角看，慈善组织政府监管确有其必要性。在慈善事业发达的英美等国家，政府作为公共利益的维护者对于慈善组织设立、运作到终止的整个过程，都要进行全方位的监管，完善的政府监管保障了这些国家慈善事业的健康发展。我国慈善立法应当在立足国情的基础上，借鉴其他国家的先进经验，对慈善组织的设立、运作和终止设定科学严谨的监管规则，以保障我国慈善组织的健康成长和慈善事业的良性发展。%Charity organizations’self-discipline is the basis of the development of philanthropy,but charity organizations do not have the perfect nationality that makes its self-discipline function fully achieved,which makes it necessary for the government to regulate charity organizations.Legal study discussed the necessity of government supervision over charity organization from the point of public object and inherent defects of internal governance. In the countries with developed philanthropy,governments as the safeguard of public interests,has regulated the whole process of establishment,operation and termination of charity organizations,which guarantees the sound development of philanthropy. China should scientifically design the supervision rules in the establishment,operation and dissolution of charity organizations in the basis of the combination of international experience and national conditions,so that Chinese charity organizations could well grow and the philanthropy in China can develop better.
摘要：This paper conducts an empirical study using the data of the companies listed in Shenzhen Stock Exchange A-share market that are non-financial firms and are in financial distress from 2009 to 2013.The study has four main research findings.First,financial distress has significantly positive effect on stock price synchronicity.Second,the information disclosure quality of the companies with financial distress has significantly negative effect on stock price synchronicity. Third, the information disclosure quality partially mediates the relationship between financial distress and stock price synchronicity.Finally,the industry competition moderates the relationship between financial distress and stock price synchronicity.Especially,the positive effect of financial distress on stock price synchronicity is stronger when the company is in low competitive industry rather than in high competitive industry.%以我国20092013年深市 A 股非金融类并陷入财务困境的上市公司数据进行了实证检验。研究结果表明：在目前我国证券市场情形下，财务困境对股价同步性具有显著的正向影响；陷入财务困境的上市公司信息披露质量对股价同步性具有显著的负向影响；信息披露质量在财务困境与股价同步性的关系之间起部分中介作用；行业竞争属性在财务困境与股价同步性的关系中起着调节作用，即相较于高度竞争行业，处于低度竞争行业中，财务困境对股价同步性的正向作用更强。
摘要：The transmission route and the aesthetic method of Internet arts are different from those of traditional arts,which have changed the viewing method of the viewing subjects to a certain extent and have broken traditional arts’aesthetic value of binary opposition.Under the background of postmodernism,the boundary between the viewing subjects and objects has disappeared,by which a new aesthetic method has formed.Internet arts keep tearing the fracture between the two parts,creating a void zone and making all arts fall into the uncertain virtual world.Therefore,it is especially important to treat the viewing method of internet arts properly.%网络艺术的传播途径和审美方式有别于传统艺术，它在某种程度上改变了观看主体的观看方式，打破了传统艺术中二元对立的审美价值观。在后现代主义的背景下，观看主体与观看对象的界限消失，形成了新的审美方式。网络艺术不断撕裂二者之间的裂隙，造成一个虚空的地带，使一切艺术陷入不确定的虚拟世界。因此，如何正确看待网络艺术的观看方式显得尤为重要。
摘要：在国家“建立事权和支出责任相适应的制度”财政体制总体改革目标下，如何合理划分文化领域政府间事权、建立科学的中央和地方文化支出责任分担机制既是实践难题又是理论难题，需要在公共产品基础理论之外，进行问题梳理和理论创新。通过分析不同文化产品的基本特征，归纳“公共所有程度、排他性程度、收益预期稳定程度”和“可经营性程度、可交易性程度、受益主体可区分程度”六大特征性指标，从操作层面上建立起区别政府与市场边界、划分中央与地方事权与支出责任的基本标准；通过归纳“受益范围、行动效率、技术难度”三种主成分因素，建立起划分中央与地方事权的“三原则”。由这六大特征指标与“三原则”形成的结构化理论模型，构成文化领域内政府间事权与支出责任划分的理论基础、划分标准和政策路径，可以为当前我国文化财政改革提供新的思路和实现路径。%Under the overall goal of financial system reform,government needs to establish a system which suits the cultural powers and expenditure responsibility.This paper,by introducing six characteristic index:degree of commonality,degree of exclusiveness,stability of prospective profits and operational level,tradable level,degree of beneficial main bodies,establishes a fundamental standard for distinguishing the government and the market boundaries as well as the central and local powers and expenditure responsibilities.According to the specific cultural affairs of social life,this paper suggests that three principles should be established in accordance with three main component factors which are benefiting scope,operation efficiency and technical difficulties.The structural theory model,composed by the six characteristic indexes and three basic principles,constructs a power and expenditure responsibilities division theories,standards and policy paths in cultural field between different levels of governments,which provides new thoughts and strategies for China cultural fiscal policy reform.
摘要：The study constructs a web consumer confidence index(web CCI)based on the web search volume,and measures price fluctuation by consumer price index(CPI).First,we describe the web CCI and CPI,and then we identify and analyze the internal switching mechanisms in the dynamic fluctuation of the two series with a two-stage Markov regime switching model.The results show that the growth rate of web CCI is more fluctuant than the growth rate of CPI.In terms of overall trends, CPI turns to increase with low speed while web CCI will increase with high speed. Especially,there will be more volatility if web CCI increases rapidly,and there will be less volatility if web CCI increase with a lower speed.%利用搜索引擎中的关键词搜索数据构建了网络消费者信心指数(网络 CCI),以我国消费者价格指数(CPI)作为测度物价波动的量化指标,首先分别定量描述网络 CCI 和 CPI 序列,而后利用双阶段马尔科夫区制转移模型,识别和分析我国网络消费者信心和物价波动动态过程中的内生转移机制。结果表明,网络CCI 增长率比 CPI 增长率波动性更强。就总体发展趋势而言,CPI 保持低速增长的可能性较大,网络 CCI仍将处于快速增长阶段的可能性相对较大。对网络 CCI 这个指数未来的预测会表现出这样的情况：当它保持着较高的增长率时,可能会存在较强波动性；相反,如果网络 CCI 维持较低的增长率时,存在较弱的波动性。
摘要：To solve the problems of the current urban governance,it is necessary to actively promote the urban governance innovation,and build scientifically social path of urban governance.Social path has unique value in urban governance.It helps to promote continuous improvement of urban governance,leads the development direction of urban governance,and is also an effective mechanism to promote urban governance reform in China.The connotation of social path is mainly reflected in four characteristics, namely, compatible multiple subject, public participation, interactive communication,and joint management by sharing the responsibility.Surrounding urban governance society path construction, we need to focus on cultivating citizen awareness, transforming government function,developing social organizations,strengthening community management and clarifying functional boundaries.By doing this,we can set up a framework of the social path of urban governance.%解决当前城市治理面临的诸多问题，必须积极推进城市治理创新，科学构建城市治理的社会路径。社会路径在城市治理中具有独特的价值，它有助于促进城市治理的持续改善，引领城市治理的发展方向，也是推动我国城市治理改革的有效机制。社会路径的内涵主要体现在四个特性，即多元主体，包容共存；公众参与，依靠群众；注重沟通，多方互动；共同治理，分担责任。围绕城市治理的社会路径构建，应把培育群众的市民意识、转变政府职能、发展社会组织、加强社区治理、厘清职能边界作为应着力推进的重点工作，初步搭建起城市治理社会路径的框架体系。
摘要：From the perspective of reception aesthetics,the high “literariness”and “creativity”of the Pulitzer Prize for feature writing is to cater the target audience's horizon of expectation.Pulitzer Prize for feature writing will target audience’s dual “horizon of expectations”of knowledge and beauty seeking into the text and endow new meanings of high “Literariness”and “creative”to the text in the process of exceeding the horizon of expectation.%从接受美学的视角来看，普利策新闻奖特稿高度的文学性和创造性是满足目标受众“期待视野”的结果。研究表明，普利策新闻奖特稿将目标受众求知与求美的双重“期待视野”融入到文本接受的整个环节中，并在超越“期待视野”的过程中赋予文本高度的文学性和创造性以新的意义。
摘要：Li Shangyin and Liu Tui became the representatives of Ku-wen in the early epoch of late Tang Dynasty.The reason why we said so is that their works reflected independent thoughts,the courage of attacking maladministration and art creativity.These successful experiences decided the importance of Li Shangyin and Liu Tui as the writers of essay at that period.Different from conventionality of Han-yu’s followers such as Li Ao,Li Shangyin and Liu Tui absorbed the useful experience of thought and art in Ku-wen from Mid-Tang Dynasty,especially tradition of essay from Yuan Jie (元结)to Han Yu (韩愈)and Liu Zongyuan (柳宗元),expressed the bright individual character and art creativity.Their essays opened up the new era of Ku-wen at Late Tang Dynasty and reflected the basic trend of classical prose transform in art.%晚唐前期的古文创作以李商隐和刘蜕的小品文为代表，其中渗透的是个人独立的思想、抨击时弊的勇气和艺术开拓的创造力，这也成为唐末小品文勃兴的先导。究其成功的经验，恰好与韩门弟子形成鲜明的对照，李翱等人亦步亦趋地模拟韩愈文章，而李商隐、刘蜕等人则能从中唐以来思想和艺术演变的大线索中汲取有益的营养，注目于学术思潮转型中的现实精神，发挥从元结到韩柳的小品文传统，不局限于韩文一隅，从而在文章中突出了自我的思想独见和艺术个性，开拓出古文创作的新境界，这种文体创新也一定程度上折射出我国古典散文艺术变革的基本规律。
摘要：Objectively evaluating accounting firms’comprehensive strength is very important for the development of domestic accountant firms. By selecting the index system, we choose the 14 indicators to represent the firm’s comprehensive strength as the final evaluation index.Adopting a more objective factor analysis method,the paper conducted a comprehensive evaluation to China’s accounting firms.%客观地评价会计师事务所的综合实力，对于我国会计师事务所的做大做强和“走出去”均具有非常重要的作用。通过对评价会计师事务所的各个指标进行筛选，最终选择了能够代表事务所综合实力的14个指标作为最终的评价指标，采取比较客观的因子分析法，对我国的会计师事务所进行了综合评价。
摘要：20世纪30年代是日据朝鲜半岛时期①汉语教育从中断到兴起的特殊阶段。日本“满洲”移民计划及“大东亚新秩序”的殖民野心影响了朝鲜半岛汉语教育政策的更迭，殖民官方支持的“新满蒙社”服务于“满洲”移民事务和“满洲语”教育，以“满洲语”命名的汉语教科书充斥着“满洲”事务和政治军事内容，其“满洲”色彩、实用性和工具化体现了日本在朝鲜半岛推行汉语教育的异质化和殖民性，也反映出日据朝鲜半岛语言殖民教育的复杂性和手段的多样化。%It is a special time period of Chinese education in the Korean peninsula during the 1 930s when the peninsula is occupied by Japan (1 910 1 945).The Manchuria Migration Program and the colonial ambitions of the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere led to great changes in Chinese teaching policy at that period.The New Manchuria and Mongolia Corporation supported by the authority were at the service of Manchuria immigration affairs and Manchuria language teaching. Therefore,the Chinese textbooks named Manchu were filled with Manchuria affairs and its military issues, of which the practicality and Manchuria Characteristics embodied heterogeneity and colonization of Chinese education at that period. Also it reflects the complexity of language colonization education and the diversity of its means executed by Japanese imperialism as well.
摘要：Despite compelling arguments for viewing relational governance and formal governance as substitutes or complements,little researches present what and how (they)affect the two different relations.Either,most researches about governance focus on the enterprise governance,and we have limited knowledge about the project governance,especially in software project.This study aims to investigate the effect of relational governance and formal governance on software project performance in China,and the role of trust in the relations.A total of 286 software project managers from east-center China were surveyed with questionnaires, including Relational Governance (Relational Norms,Specific Investments and Conflict Resolution),Formal Governance,Project Performance and Trust. Results were as follows: Formal governance partially mediated the relationship between relational governance and project performance. Trust moderated the relationship between relational governance and formal governance.The indirect effect of relational governance on project performance was much weaker with higher trust level.Thus,trust could moderate the substitutive relation and complementary relation between relational governance and formal governance.%关系治理是广为我国各行业应用并得到认可的重要治理手段，目前在关系治理和正式治理对项目绩效作用的研究中形成了“互补关系”和“替代关系”两类争论性的观点，为揭示两类关系在项目治理中的作用发挥过程及其互动机理，选择能够反映关系治理本质、并对关系治理具有独特依赖性的定制软件项目数据作为分析对象，实证结果表明：正式治理在关系治理和项目绩效间起部分中介作用；关系治理对正式治理的正向影响受信任的反向调节；信任同时调节两类关系的作用发挥，即信任程度越高，关系治理通过正式治理对项目绩效的间接影响就越弱，体现“替代关系”，信任程度越低，正式治理的中介作用就越强，呈现“互补关系”。该结论有效地诠释了两类关系并非矛盾的作用发挥的内在规律，为关系治理理论研究提供补充。
摘要：法律作为一种制度，是社会观念发展的结果。在我国历史上，文物观念曾几经变迁，文物法规也发生着相应的变化。近代之前，文物多被赋予不同程度的政治意义，文物观念落后、缺乏文物保护意识，加之文物保护法规几近空白，导致鸦片战争以来我国文物遭受到前所未有的破坏和流失。与此同时，在西方近代文明的影响下，人们对文物价值逐渐有了正确认识，意识到保护文物的重要性和必要性。在借鉴文物保护国际公约和他国文物保护法规的基础上，我国历史上第一个文物保护法规———《保存古迹推广办法》由此诞生，开启了我国文物保护的法制化历程。%Law,as a kind of institution,is the result of the development of social concept.In China’s history,the concept of cultural relics has changed several times;accordingly,the heritage legislation has also undergone corresponding changes.Before modern times,the cultural relics were given different degrees of political significance.The undeveloped concept of cultural relics,the lack of awareness of cultural relics conservation,and fewer cultural relics protection regulations caused that the cultural relics were suffered an unprecedented destruction and loss after the Opium War.At the same time,under the influence of modern Western civilization,people gradually recognized the value of cultural relics and realized the necessity and importance of protecting cultural relics.Drawing on the International Convention and other country’s regulations on protection of cultural relics,the first cultural relics protection regulation in China--“Measures to promote the preservation of monuments”--was born,which was the origin of legal system of cultural relics protection in China’s history.
摘要：By constructing simple Cournot competition model ,this article analyzes foreign vertical merger's effect on the price of upstream firms input and the final product and the total welfare in the absence of efficiency advantage . It is found that although the merged will implement market foreclosure under certain conditions ,price of the input and final product is still reduced .In addition , the increase of total welfare in the merger between domestic enterprises is always higher than that in the foreign acquisition of domestic enterprises .This article also proves that in the case of foreign vertical merger ,the aim of the competition policy is coordinated with that of the merger between domestic enterprises .%通过构建简单的上、下游市场古诺竞争模型，研究了在上游外资企业不存在效率优势时，外资纵向兼并我国企业对上游投入品价格、最终产品价格和社会福利的影响。研究发现：在一定条件下，兼并厂商会实施市场封锁，但兼并后中间投入品价格、最终产品价格都会下降。模型结果还显示：国内企业间纵向兼并的总福利增加总是高于外资企业并购国内企业的总福利增加，外资纵向并购时竞争效果评估与鼓励国内企业间兼并的产业政策目标是基本一致的。
摘要：In recent years ,with the general development of the innovation ability of China's various regions ,the innovation difference among regions has become increasingly noticeable .Using patent authorization ratio and the duration of patent as the measurement index , this article makes an investigation on the difference of innovation quality between some typical cites in the east and the middle and western area .In spite of the fact that the patent authorization ratio does not indicate that there are differences between innovation qualities of cities in the east and the west areas ;the duration of patent in middle and west are lower than that in the east cities .It shows that the differences of innovation quality manifest not only in the scales of the products of innovation ,but also in the quality of the innovative products .Therefore ,in order to improve the cities'innovation ability and to narrow down the gap between the areas ,we should pay more attention to the quality of innovation and economic benefits instead of focusing only on the innovation results . Finally , corresponding policy suggestions are proposed based on this research conclusion .%近年来，随着我国各地区创新能力的普遍提高，区域之间创新能力的差异也越来越明显。通过以专利授权率和专利存续期作为专利质量的衡量指标，考察中国若干东部典型城市同中西部典型城市的创新质量差异，研究结果表明尽管专利授权率并未表明东西部城市间的创新质量差异，但中西部城市专利的存续期长度则显著低于东部城市。这说明，中国东西部地区的创新能力差异不仅体现在创新产出的规模上，更体现在创新产出的质量上。因此，城市技术创新能力的提升，区域间创新差距的缩小应当更多地关注创新的质量与经济效益，而不仅仅关注创新成果的产出。最后，针对该研究结论提出了相应的政策建议。
摘要：Objectivity is an important principle of journalistic professionalism accompanied with the development of the western modern press industry .Liang Qichao has a unique perspective of the objectivity because of his rich experience of administrating a newspaper .There are many materials about the objectivity in his books and newspaper practice .However ,there were many flaws in the early objectivity thoughts because of the special historical conditions and their own limitations .The objectivity of press was conflict in theory and practice .Meanwhile ,the journalists thought the objectivity as a political tool and strategy .%客观性是新闻专业主义的一种重要原则，它是伴随着近代西方报业的产生而发展起来的，历来为报界所重视。在清末民初，中国的民族报业经历了一个发展的高潮时期，梁启超作为中国早期著名的报业活动家，对报刊的客观性有着独特的认识视角和实践经历，并在论著和报业实践中留下了很多关于客观性的轨迹。然而，由于特殊的历史条件以及国人自身的一些认识局限，以梁启超为代表的早期报人在这一时期所形成的报刊客观性思想还存在不少缺陷，客观性思想在理论和实践上还存在着冲突，并且客观性更多的是作为工具和策略而存在。
摘要：金融垄断资本的迅猛扩张既是资本主义内在矛盾发展的结果，也是资本主义试图不断革新、发掘其制度潜力的结果。资本主义生产过剩，资本需要找到新的积累途径是金融垄断资本全球扩张的根本动力；一体化的世界市场拓展了金融垄断资本的活动空间；跨国公司是金融垄断资本全球扩张的载体和有力工具；信息化和因特网的发展是金融垄断资本扩张的技术支撑；新自由主义是金融垄断资本扩张的理论和政策基础；美国主导的世界经济秩序特别是国际货币金融体系是金融资本扩张的制度环境。金融垄断资本的全球扩张改变了资本的形态和运作方式，使金融资本相对独立膨胀，资本主义经济中的资本积累方式、收入分配和消费模式、劳资关系以及世界经济体系等发生了重大且影响深远的变化，使当代资本主义的发展进入一个新阶段---金融垄断资本主义阶段，也给世界经济政治带来巨大的影响和灾难。%Since the 1980s ,the financial monopoly capital of developed countries ,backed by strong economic power and hegemony ,has violently expanded worldwide and shows more influence or control force on global economy . The fast expansion is the inevitable result of the deepening of inherent capitalist contradictions as well as the attempting of constant capitalist renovation . Especially ,due to overproduction ,capital needs to find new ways of accumulation ,which is the fundamental motive of financial monopoly capital's global expansion ;the integrated world market amplifies room for financial monopoly capital's moving ;transnational corporations act as carriers and effective tools of the global expansion ;neo-liberalism is the theory and policy basis of the expansion ;the world economic order especially the international monetary and financial system led by the US provides a system environment for the expansion . In fact , the expansion is a natural historical process of the socialization of production and an expanding process of capitalist productive relations and social relations in the world .It has changed the pattern and operation mode of capital and made capital expand in a relatively independent way . Therefore , the accumulating mode , income distribution & consumption mode and labor relations in capitalist economy as well as world economic system have profound changes , and put the contemporary capitalism in a new phase , namely financial monopoly capitalist phase and brings great influences even disasters to the world economy and politics .
摘要：In the Han dynasty ,people changed the place where they worshipped their ancestors from the ancestral temples to the tombs .They built memorial halls ,erected tombstones ,planted trees , and held periodical activities such as tomb sweeping and sacrifice ,which made tomb sacrifice the main form of worships . The tombs and sacrifices were well equipped , and the rites were complicated .It is a distinctive form of ancestor worship ,which is different from those of both the earlier and the later generations .On one hand ,it strengthens the clansman consciousness and the cohesion of ancestral kinship;on the other hand ,it leads to the emphasis on the form of worship in the Han Dynasty ,w hich makes the custom of lavish funeral in the Han dynasty distinctive in ancient China .%在汉代，人们对祖先的祭祀由宗庙移至坟墓之前，并修祠、立碑、植树，定期进行洒扫、祭拜等活动，使墓祀成为祭祖的主要方式。这是一种既有别于前代又不同于后代的独具特色的祭祖形式，它一方面强化了宗族意识，提高了宗法血缘关系的凝聚力；另一方面，它又导致汉代的祭礼十分注重外在形式，使汉代社会的厚葬之俗在古代中国独树一帜。
摘要：In order to study enrolled farmers' choices of medical providers under New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme(NRCMS) ,the author first handed out questionnaires and collected data from 1278 households in 66 counties of Shandong province .It was evident that more than 90% of them w ould like to choose medical institutions at county and village level .T hen using Nested Logit model ,the paper studied the determinants on these farmers'choice and found that ,on the first-level choice between higher and lower level medical institutions ,the farmers with elder age or chronic disease and those who consider NRCMS's premium is too high ,are more likely to choose lower-level ,i .e ., county and village hospitals . While the farmers w ho have higher education , more reimbursement experiences ,larger reimbursement amount ,more convenient procedures and those who own commercial insurance ,are willing to choose higher-level ,i .e .,city hospitals or above .On the second-level choice among various medical institutions ,those providers with higher payment and quality ,higher rate of reimbursement and smaller distance are more popular ,and the former two factors are statistically significant .%为了调查新农合制度下参合农民的就诊意向及其影响因素，首先对山东省66个县1278个农户进行入户问卷调查，发现超过九成的农户会选择基层医疗机构。然后采用嵌套Logit模型对农户就诊意向的影响因素进行检验，实证结果显示，在第一层次医疗机构（基层与高层）选择时，老年患者、慢性病患者和认为缴费水平过高的农户会倾向到基层定点医院就诊；农民受教育程度越高、报销次数越多、报销金额越高或者同时拥有商业保险者，越倾向到高层定点医疗机构就诊。在第二层次各级医疗机构选择时，平均花费和医疗服务质量高、报销比例高、距离近的医疗机构更受青睐，其中前两个因素的作用十分显著。
摘要：冲突管理已经成为组织研究的重要领域，研究普遍认为组织内跨部门冲突对组织绩效存在一定的影响。但是，鲜有研究探讨社会资本对“冲突管理-创新绩效”的调节关系。研究探讨了“冲突管理方式-冲突结果-创新绩效”的递进影响，同时探寻社会交往与信任对其的调节关系。实证研究结果显示，合作性处理方式对建设性冲突有正向显著影响，竞争性处理方式对破坏性冲突有正向显著影响，妥协性处理方式对建设性冲突不存在正向显著影响，反而表现出负向影响关系；建设性冲突对创新绩效存在正向显著影响，破坏性冲突对创新绩效存在负向显著影响；社会交往不存在显著调节作用；信任弱化了合作性处理方式对建设性冲突的正向影响，同时也弱化了竞争性冲突对破坏性冲突的正向影响。%Conflict management research has become the important research area in organization studies ,and it has been confirmed that intergroup conflict has a certain effect on organization performance .But there is little research focus on the moderating effect of social capital on the relationship of conflict management and innovation performance . This paper investigates the relationships among conflict-handling strategies , conflict results , and innovation performance by empirical analysis . Meanwhile , it also detects the moderating effect of social interaction and trust on it .The results indicate that the cooperative handling has positive effect to constructive conflict ;the competitive handling has positive effects on destructive conflict ;the compromising handling has not positive effects , but negative effects on constructive conflict ;constructive conflict has positive effects on innovation performance;destructive conflict has negative effects on innovation performance;social interaction has no significant effect on any relationship;trust suppresses the effects .At higher levels of trust ,the positive relationship between cooperative handling and constructive conflict is weakened ,so is the positive relationship between competitive handling and destructive conflict .
摘要：《史记》乃“发愤之作”，《聊斋志异》也是一部公认的“孤愤之书”，仅以讴歌游侠复仇精神的作品而论，他们的创作精神是一以贯之的。蒲松龄继承和发扬了司马迁为游侠张目、赞赏复仇的创作精神，同时又有自身的特点。《史记》中的侠客虽以布衣身份行侠，但他们的名气和声望却不亚于达官显贵，产生的社会影响极广，体现了《史记》作为正史宏大的叙事立场；而《聊斋志异》作为志怪小说，蒲松龄取材的渠道多为“野叟曝言”，其笔下的侠客多是独行侠，往往依靠个人力量去扶弱济困，并且在行侠过程中体现了浓厚的因果报应思想；从行为的主体来看，《聊斋志异》与《史记》中行侠仗义、除暴安良者都是男性不同，蒲松龄塑造了不少光彩照人的女侠，她们用女性特有的方式完成仗义之举，有高度的自我牺牲精神；《史记·刺客列传》中的复仇，或为知交，或为国家，而《聊斋志异》的复仇多是报私仇，复仇的方式也迥异于《史记》，虽然看起来不够宏大，但他们反暴政、反强权、反邪恶的精神同样感天地、泣鬼神。%Records of the Historian is a book written with rage and Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio is acknowledged as a book written with rage and loneliness ,too .They are similar to each other in the praise of revenge .Pu Songling has his ow n features w hile developing the same spirit of Sima Qian .Paladins in Records of the Historian are regarded by others as person of honor ,but they are lone ranger in Pu Songling's book and always help the poor people by themselves .It is obvious that Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio expresses the concept of Karma .In addition ,Pu Songling created many notable female characters that are endowed with the spirit of self sacrifice .Revenges in Records of the Historian are all for friends or countries while it is different in Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio .Most of the revenges in Pu's are personal ,but the struggle against despotism , pow er and evil is still very touching .
摘要：The traditional government regulation theory which is on the ergodicity hypothesis of perfect rationality and rational expectations of the mainstream economics fails to see any market failure and the effect of government regulation .So it just equals the risk to fundamental uncertainty concepts and proposes actively free market . Those mainstream economics concepts do not work anymore in the world full of ergodicity and uncertainty . Then , the Post Keynesian Economics proposes non-ergodicity theory and creates a new theoretical model and government regulation under uncertainty . It provides new principle for government regulation , that is , to decrease the fundamental uncertainty and bridge the great gap between the economic theory and the real world , which is of great guiding significance for the market economic system reform with Chinese characteristics .%传统的政府管制理论是建立在主流经济学完全理性或者理性预期的遍历性假设之上，因将风险与根本不确定性等同起来，积极倡导自由市场，看不到任何市场失灵现象和政府管制的有效性。一旦走进非遍历性和根本不确定性的世界里，这些主流经济学的方案就不合适了，而后凯恩斯经济学提出非遍历性理论，超越斯密“看不见的手”机制，再次回归市场不稳定性和政府管制有效性，更好地理解政府管制的新原则---在于降低根本无法消除的不确定性范围，进一步弥合经济理论与现实世界之间的巨大脱节，对于深化中国特色的社会主义市场经济体制来说具有重要指导意义。
摘要：Singapore completed nation-building with its own features in accordance with the foundational law of nation-building . It established authority as a nation state based on the accumulation of modernity and the formation of nation in the colonial period and built relative mature democracy system on the basis of the development of civil society . Singapore also maintained considerable modernity and democracy while expanding state power as a nation state ,Singapore used state power to suppress excessive participation in politics in the period of establishing democracy while promoting democracy by reaching mutual compromise between political elite and the public so as to achieve relative balance between state power and democratic development .%新加坡的国家构建是在遵循国家构建基本规律的基础上保持自己特色的过程。它在殖民主义时期现代性积累和国族形成的基础上构建民族国家的权力机构，在市民社会发展的基础上培育起较为成熟的民主化制度。它在扩展民族国家权力的同时保持着相当的现代性和民主性，在构建国家的民主政治时期则利用国家权力抑制政治参与的过快扩展，同时由政治精英和民众相互妥协而共同推动民主的有序发展，从而达到了国家权力与民主发展的一种相对平衡。