摘要：本文从云南独特的地理位置、人文环境和艺术生态等多个角度剖析了云南当代艺术的特征。云南的当代艺术宛如灵异高原上的奇异生物，形态丰富、样式灵异、自由生长，既有本土的气息，又有开阔世界的眼界，形成了诸多的特征：多样性与边缘性、生命性与自然性、民族性与独立性、日常性与当代性、引领性与传承性等。%This paper analyzes the characteristics of Yunnan contemporary arts from many aspects, including its unique geo-graphical location, cultural ecological environment, artistic ecology and so on.Yunnan contemporary arts behave like a fantastic creature on the magic plateau, with their diversified forms, spectacular patterns and free development.Rich features evolve from a combination of both local styles and worldly horizons:diversity and marginality, vitality and naturalness, nationality and inde-pendence, practicality and contemporariness, guidance and inheritance, and so on.
摘要：在知识经济时代，以高新科技为核心的知识是最重要的战略性基础资源，是决定一个国家综合实力和国际竞争力的关键要素。文章在分析国家战略需求和研究型大学内涵的基础上，阐明了国家战略需求需要建设研究型大学，研究型大学发展路径应紧密围绕国家战略需求的双向关系，提出构建服务于国家战略需求的研究型大学发展模式框架内容。%In the knowledge economy era, high-tech knowledge is a core strategic resource, and also the key element to deter-mine a country’ s comprehensive strength and international competitiveness.Based on an analysis of the connotations of national strategic needs and research-oriented universities, this paper illustrates the two-way relationship between national strategic needs and research-oriented universities.This means that national strategic needs entail research-oriented university construc-tion, and the latter’ s development route in turn should closely center on the former.Finally, it proposes a development frame-work of research-oriented universities serving national strategic needs.
摘要：Higher education aims to cultivate students’ comprehensive qualities.The most effective way is to take students’ comprehensive qualities in their academic performance assessment, which in turn effectively prompts teachers and students to pur-sue this target.Based on the participative learning theory, this research proposes a comprehensive quality analysis model, probing into factors affecting the assessment of students’ comprehensive qualities, with behavioral participation as the immediate one. Due to the fuzziness of behavioral participation, a new model is presented to calculate student performance, based on the fuzzy rules in terms of vector similarity measurement of scores.As the model takes into account of the influences of students’ compre-hensive qualities in their academic performance, experimental results prove that it is more justifiable than ordinary examination scores.%高等教育要求培养学生的综合素质，最有效的方法就是将学生的综合素质作为学生学业成绩的考核要素，并能有效引导教师和学生以此为目标。本文首先提出一种基于学习参与理论的学生综合素质分析模型，由该模型分析影响学生综合素质评价的因素，其中最直接的影响因素为行为参与。由于行为参与要素具有模糊性，本文提出一种利用向量相似性测度方法来进行模糊规则匹配的学生成绩计算模型，该模型充分体现了学生综合素质对学业成绩的影响，实验结果也证明该模型计算的综合素质评价比直接的考试成绩更合理。
摘要：关于南社的解体时间，人们通常认为是1923年。但是本文认为：南社从1909年11月13日成立之日计算起，社事活动应该延续到1937年年底，南社的活动最终因为抗战全面爆发才彻底告一段落。%There is a general belief that Nanshe dissolved in 1923.On the contrary, this paper maintains that, ever since Nan-she’ s foundation on November 13, 1909, community activities well lasted till the end of 1937.Suspension of activities should be attributed to the full-scale outbreak of Anti-Japanese Invasion War.
摘要：动商是人类的一种潜质、潜能，动商是人类“三商”———“情商、智商、动商”的基础。动商是人的现代化的标签之一，引导着人类的一种新的生存文化———幸福和谐健康的生存向往。“中国梦”的实现，需要公民动商发达，身心和谐、全面发展。本文探讨了：动商的认知溯源、动商的内涵本质认知；动商的生物学机制；动商的测评体系；动商的认知价值；动商的开发推广价值。%Motor quotient ( MQ) refers to one type of human potentiality or proficiency, which is the foundation of three human quotients, namely, emotion quotient, intelligence quotient and motor quotient.Motor quotient is one of the labels in human mod-ernization process and leads human beings to a new survival culture, one with happiness, harmony and health.“Chinese Dream”realization requires citizens of an advanced motor quotient, a physical and mental harmony, based on an all-round development. This essay discusses various MQ aspects: its cognitive origin, connotative essence, biological mechanism, evaluation system, cognitive value and finally, its development and popularization value.
摘要：高校人力资源配置需要有效消解各种冲突和矛盾，主要是教师教学与科研时间安排矛盾、不同专业师资配备冲突、教授治校和学校治理决策矛盾、职能部门重叠造成推诿等矛盾。论文在全面梳理现有高校人力资源配置现状的基础上，深入剖析了上述矛盾特征，基于TRIZ理论中的相关创新原理，提出消解矛盾的对策建议。%University human resource allocation demands an effective resolution of various conflicts and contradictions, which in-clude conflicts between teaching and research demanded of teaching staff, between teachers unevenly allocated in different major fields, between professor administration and university policy making, and between overlapping bureaucratic offices.With a brief account of the current situation concerning university human resource allocation, this paper probes into the characteristics of the a-bove-mentioned conflicts, and proposes some countermeasures, based on the innovative principles of TRIZ theory.
摘要：It is advisable to regard motor quotient ( MQ) as a dynamic process, and the MQ of elite talents can be improved through training and reinforcement.As an IT magnate, LEI Jun attaches great importance to his MQ and endeavors hard to devel-op its potential.Ever-increasing MQ bestows him with extraordinary physique for his career pursuit.LEI Jun’ s strong pressure resistance ability also evolves from his MQ, which makes him tough, perseverant and flexible in the face of new challenges.Ex-cellent MQ helps LEI Jun take a firm control of his career orientation, for he possesses an unusually sharp judgment and insightful vision.The ever-expanding MI industry founded by LEI Jun confirms his dynamic MQ principles from various aspects.%动商需要用发展的眼光评判，精英人才的动商是可以通过后天的训练和强化得到提高的。雷军作为IT界的风云人物，对动商高度重视并努力开发潜力，不断提升的动商让他在投身事业时拥有持续的超强体力。动商同时帮助雷军在创业中获得超强的抗打压性，困难面前韧性十足并不断寻求新的挑战。动商的超群也帮助雷军很好地掌控了事业方向，让他判断能力超强，并具有超强全局观。由他一手创办的小米帝国的壮大，就从多方面印证了雷军的动商理念。
摘要：中国专利奖是我国专利领域由政府颁发的最高奖项，其评审指标是贯彻落实我国专利事业发展战略的风向标。现行评审指标中缺少对专利权法律特性的评价，有待进一步完善。文章提出了完善我国发明、实用新型专利奖评奖标准的建议稿。%Chinese Patent Awards is the highest government-sponsored award in Intellectual Patent Rights ( IPR) field.The a-ward indexes serve as an orientation guide in the implementation of China’ s IP development strategy.But there lacks an assess-ment of IPR’s legal properties in current award indexes, which urgently needs further improvement.The paper puts forward a re-vised version of award indexes for China’ s development and practical patents.
摘要：Contemporary“Labor Poetry” records the aspirations of hundreds and thousands of migrant worker communities, who come to pursue their dreams in the cities while answering the demand of Reform and Opening-up, as well as that of moderniza-tion construction.Labor Poetry expresses their arduous difficulties, hardships and complex emotion experiences in the process of urban and modernity integration.This paper analyzes the modernity implications of Labor Poetry through “identity anxiety and perplexity”,“oscillation and pain caused by a vagrant life”, and“reflections and criticisms to social reality”.%当代“打工诗歌”是记录千千万万应改革开放和现代化建设的需要来到城市追求梦想的打工者群体的心声，表现了他们在城市化融入和现代性演进过程中艰难坎坷的心路历程及其矛盾复杂的情感经历。本文通过对打工诗歌中“身份认同的焦虑和困惑”、“漂泊异乡的彷徨与痛苦”、“现实世界的反思与批判”，分析了“打工诗歌”背后的现代性意蕴。
摘要：在理性主义和功利主义哲学基础上产生的理性主义和功利主义大学理念，作为现代大学两种不同的价值思想体系，在产生之初既有相互冲突和对立的一面，也有相互联系的一面，后来逐渐走向冲突和对立，但自20世纪中叶以来，又呈现出渐趋融合的趋势。民办高校注重功利性和实用性是一种价值取向的必然，但在人才培养过程中也必须进一步加强对“人”的教育，促进人的全面发展。%Rationalism and utilitarianism are two ideologies and philosophies for university development, which are interrelated and opposing at their early emergence stage.Later on, there is a tendency of inter connection, which further evolves into conflicts and opposition.Since the mid-20th century and on, a gradual integration of the two once again emerges.Utility and practicality are an inevitable value choice in private universities.Yet, there must also be a strengthened cultivation of humanity and an all-round development principle in their talent training process.
摘要：南社人对自然科学的认识有一个逐步深入的过程，但是不管在自然科学萌芽初期还是自然科学深入时期，在新中国自然科学体系的奠基和建设上都有过不可磨灭的贡献。虽然他们以个体的形式出现比较多，但是他们在科学史上的重要作用却是有目共睹的。%Nanshe members have experienced a gradual understanding of natural sciences.They made an indelible contribution both at the sprouting stage of natural sciences, throughout their deep and comprehensive development, and in New China’ s foun-dation and construction process of natural science system.Although their influences were mostly exerted in individual forms, their roles in the history of science should by no means be underestimated.
摘要：National defense intellectual property is an important part of national intellectual property, and high quality talents in this area is the human resource support to the implementation of national defense intellectual property strategy.Science and engi-neering universities own a unique advantage to cultivate application-oriented talents of national defense intellectual property. Current cultivation problems include backward principles, unscientific training modes, limited training scales, poor training quali-ty, and so on.To tackle these problems, it is necessary to strengthen training awareness, to form a diversified multi-level train-ing mode of application-oriented talents and to construct a scientific internship system.All of these are meant to meet the practi-cal needs of relevant application-oriented talents in national defense industry and weaponry construction.%国防知识产权是国家知识产权的重要组成部分，高素质的国防知识产权人才是实施国防知识产权战略的人力资源支撑。理工科高校具有培养国防知识产权应用型人才的得天独厚的优势。针对当前该类人才培养存在的观念滞后、欠缺合理培养模式、规模有限、质量不高等问题，在理工科高校，应强化国防知识产权人才培养的意识，形成多元化多层次的国防知识产权应用型人才培养模式，并构建科学的实践教学体系，以适应国防科技工业和武器装备建设对国防知识产权应用型人才的现实需求。
摘要：发端于1924年的教会学校圣心、圣三一中学学潮，规模虽然不大，但学潮发生时，正值国民党党推出党化教育政策之初，加上全国性非基督教运动的背景，使得这两个学校的学潮具有风向标的意义，成为观察广州国民政府时期政治与教育关系的范例。在圣心、圣三一中学学潮中，学生基于反对帝国主义的考量，反对宗教教育，要求教育不受教会控制。在拒绝教育之外一种力量统治的同时，学生又欢迎另一种力量———国民党“以党治校”，主动要求党化。党化与“教”化之间，没有“中间地带”，没有“教育独立”的位置。%The student strikes of Sacred Heart College and Holy Trinity College in Guangzhou starting in 1924 was really small in scale.But these strikes broke out at a time when KMT launched the partisanship education policy, and when there was a nation-wide Anti-Christianity Movement.This made these two strikes significant as a historical vane to explore the relationship between politics and education during the period of Guangzhou Nationalist Government.Guided by anti-imperialism and anti-religion principles, students on strike demanded that education be rid of foreign churches.Paradoxically, these students invited a new partisanship control while resisting foreign powers, i.e.they actively appealed for the KMT government to administrate their colle-ges with partisanship.There was no middle place between partisanship and religion education, and accordingly, no place for edu-cational independence.
摘要：随着我国高等院校来华留学生规模的不断扩大，来华留学生管理工作面临着规模化和规范化的的需求。本文以南京理工大学留学生信息化平台为例，针对来华留学生教育管理中存在的特点和难点，分析了信息化平台的需求，在传统的留学生信息化管理系统的基础上，结合移动互联网的特点，充分发掘社交网络的信息优势，利用大数据技术，进行数据分析及融合，用于留学生管理工作，取得了较好的效果，为来华留学生管理工作提供了新思路。%There comes up a new requirement of scale? and? standardization of international student administration, with their ever-increasing scales in Chinese universities.Taking infromationized platforms of international student administration at Nanjing University of Science and Technology as a case in point, this paper analyzes the characteristics and difficulties in international student administration in China, focusing on the demand of informationized platforms.On the basis of traditional informationized international student administration systems, this new platform makes data analysis and integration in international student admin-istration and achieves good results, by taking good advantage of mobile Internet, social network, and big data technology.This provides some new ideas for international student administration in China.
摘要：The Eighteenth Session of the Fourth Plenary Conference of the Communist Party of China raises it to a new height to govern the country by law, the country correspondingly needs a large number of legal talents committed to legislation construction. Legal aid centers set up by universities not only offer common people legal aids, but also train law students’ practical ability, and lay a foundation for personal development and social commitment in the future.This paper analyzes and summarizes the working situations, problems and solutions of legal aid centers in some universities.This is meant to play an active role in promoting uni-versity legal aid center construction.%十八届四中全会将依法治国方略提高到新的高度，国家需要大量法律人才投入到法制建设之中。高校设置的法律援助中心，不仅可以给予普通民众一定的法律援助，而且可以锻炼在校法律专业学生的实践能力，为将来的个人成长、为社会贡献打下基础。本文通过梳理总结部分高校法律援助中心工作开展的情况，归纳整理出其存在的问题，并提出解决方案，力图对促进高校法律援助中心工作起到积极意义。
摘要：中国传统建筑装饰文化具有独特的地域区划特色和重要的延承价值，本文通过挖掘其精神层面的特色性审美内涵，包括情景交融的空间意境、二维线型的总体特征、空灵清逸的营造效果、含蓄内敛的环境氛围四个方面。在剖析其本质与由来的基础上，对塑造具有中国本土地域性文脉特色的高品质人居建筑装饰环境的若干设计手法展开了探究。%Traditional Chinese architecture decoration culture has its unique regional features and important heritage value.This paper analyzes the characteristic spiritual aesthetic connotation, which includes integrated space conception of scenes and emo-tion, overall 2D linearity characteristics, delicately subtle constructive effects and inward artistic conception space.Based on an analysis of its essence and origin, this paper probes into the design methods that shape Chinese regional culture with its superior quality of human architecture decoration environment.
摘要：公共图书馆是社会主义公共文化体系中的重要组成部分，建立健全公共图书馆服务体系，提高图书馆服务能力，推进《公共图书馆法》立法，是公共图书馆发展的主流趋势，也是文化强国战略下社会主义文化建设的重要内容。%Public libraries are an important component in the socialist public cultural system.Thus, it is vital to establish public library service system, to improve service capability and to promote the legislation of Public Library Law, all of which constitute the mainstream trend of public library development and also an indispensable part of socialist cultural construction to implement the Culture Power Strategy.
摘要：The major approach to solve the employment problem of disabled people in China is to encourage welfare enterprise development and push forward collective employment .Welfare enterprises are developing steadily in current market economic competition.At present, all labor-compact enterprises are faced with low salary levels , weak competitive force, and labor short-age, with labor-compact welfare enterprises as no exception .The well-being and salary conditions of disabled people are well worth our attention and exploration .Based on a literature review and on -the-spot investigation , this paper assesses the current situation of disabled people ’ s employment in welfare enterprises in Fujian Province , with the hope to promote its welfare enter-prise development and employment quality of disabled people .%鼓励兴办福利企业，推进残疾人集中就业是我国解决残疾人就业的主要方式。福利企业在当前的市场经济竞争中，呈稳步发展状态。当前，劳动密集性企业都面临着工资待遇竞争力较低，企业招工难等问题，同为劳动密集型的福利企业是否也会同样面临着的问题，残疾人员工待遇如何，这值得我们去思考和探讨。本文结合相关文献与实地调查，对福建省福利企业中残疾人就业现状进行评估，希望能有助于福利企业发展与残疾人就业质量的提升。
摘要：在新的历史时期，要想实现民族振兴的中国梦，必须付出多方面的努力。中国梦具有丰富的内涵，新农村的文化建设是构建中国梦的一条重要途径。本文研究并且阐述了新农村文化建设的作用，分析了新农村文化建设存在的问题与成因，提出了加快新农村文化建设的对策措施。%In this new historical era , it demands great efforts to realize the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation .With the rich connotations in China dream , new rural culture construction is an important means to construct the Chinese dream .This paper studies and illustrates the role of new rural culture construction , analyzes the problems and causes in current new rural culture construction, and puts forward to countermeasures to accelerate the new rural culture construction .
摘要：The ontological consciousness of contemporary poetry naturally keeps a distance from the oral writing phenomenon , which deeply experiences and spiritually explores the language nihility to construct the contemporary poetry composition possibili -ty.As a linguist and poet , LI Xin-shi effectively expends his poetry to the inner language core .He produces an important dis-course implication with regards of contemporary poetry composition , poetic construction of poetry history and life consciousness construction by breaking generic boundaries .%当代诗歌的语言本体意识与当下以口语写作为中心的写作现象自然地保持了距离，通过语言对虚无性的深度体验与精神探索，构成了当代诗歌书写的可能，李心释所具有的语言学家、诗人双重身份，使得他的诗歌书写有效地深入到诗的语言内核，对当代诗歌写作、诗歌史的诗学建构、以及诗歌突破文体边界走向当代社会与生命意识的建构，均产生了较为重要的话语启示。
摘要：本文将知识产权文化界定为法律文化的子范畴，把知识产权文化从结构上划分为两个层面：制度形态的表面层面和观念形态的核心层面。通过历史分析法和比较法的运用，分析了当代中国知识产权文化建设既要挖掘和转化中国传统文化的合理内涵，也要移植和融合西方的先进法律文化经验，广泛地吸纳人类共同的法律文明成果。最终，结合我国国情提出我国知识产权文化建设可以从制度环境、观念环境、教育环境和宣传环境等方面入手。%This paper defines intellectual property culture as a subcategory of legal culture , and structurally divides it into two levels:the surface level of system forms and core level of ideology forms .Through historical analysis and comparison , the paper analyzes contemporary Chinese intellectual property cultural construction .It is advisable to explore and transform reasonable con-tents in traditional Chinese culture , to adopt and transplant advanced experiences in western legal culture , to extensively absorb mutual law civilization achievements of human beings .In the end, based on China’s specific conditions, it proposes that China’ s intellectual property culture construction should proceed from institutional environment , ideological environment , educational environment as well as propaganda environment , besides many others .
摘要：本研究尝试在图式理论的指导下提出整体阅读教学的原则。依照此教学原则，我们在阅读教学过程中要始终贯彻内容、形式和语言三种图式有机结合的原则，真正做到语言和文化、工具和人文的相互作用、相互渗透、和谐统一。本文还以《21世纪大学英语读写教程》（修订版）为教学案例，充分阐述了这一教学原则的运用和实施。%This paper puts forward to the guiding principle of integrative reading under the guidance of Schema theory .Based on this principle , a combination of content schemata , formal schemata and language schema is implemented throughout the whole EFL reading instruction process .In the process of EFL reading instruction , it is meant to truly achieve mutual interaction , pene-tration and harmony with regards of language , tool, culture as well as humanities .The paper proceeds to elaborate in detail the application and implementation of this principle , employing 21 st Century College English:Reading and Writing ( revised edition ) as a case in point .
摘要：本文是笔者在美国西俄勒冈州立大学访学期间，对当地塞勒姆华人福音教会所做的为期近一年的个案跟踪和考察实录。通过对华人教会的结构和功能的观察和思考，笔者认为，华人教会不仅是美国华人敬拜上帝的精神家园，也是美国华人移民社团，特别是大陆、香港和台湾两岸三地同胞之间，重建认同和归属感的整合桥梁和纽带。同时，海外华人教会，对于提高华人移民在白人为主体的美国社会的族群地位和社会影响，无疑也具有重要而积极的作用。%This article is a case study report on a one -year observation and inspection to the local Evangelical Chinese Church of Salem, Oregon, during the author’s study as a visiting scholar in U.S.Through observations of and reflections on the struc-tures and functions of local Chinese churches , the author holds that Chinese Church , besides the spiritual home of American Chi-nese immigrants to worship God , also serves as an important spiritual bond to reconstruct identity and belonging among Chinese immigrant communities,especially for immigrants from Taiwan, Hong Kong and Mainland China.Meanwhile Chinese Church plays an important and active role in helping increase Chinese immigrants ’ community status and social influence in the White -dominated American mainstream culture .
摘要："Nanshe Poem Anthology"is an extensive collection of Nanshe poems since its establishment , with its unique editing features.It especially focuses on a detailed and profound illustration to the writing backgrounds and poetic allusions , which well marks its outstanding characteristics .However , there also exist certain defects , owing to the limited compilation time .%《南社诗选》较为广泛地辑录了南社成立后的诗歌作品，在全书的编辑处理上有许多独到之处，对诗歌背景的说明和诗中典故的诠释用功精深，而且特别能体现自己的特点。但由于编纂时间较紧，也明显存在一些缺憾。
摘要：The large-firm-driven economic model in Korea and the SME -driven economic model in Taiwan are their respec-tive major sources of competitive advantages and technological innovations .However , in the era of innovation -driven economic development , both Korean and Taiwanese economic development models have been unprecedentedly challenged .Against this background , Korea and Taiwan have proposed and implemented a series of public policies promoting innovation -driven economic development .This paper introduces the major public policies of innovation -driven development in Korea and Taiwan .Then based on this discussion , it briefly points out the policy implications of these public policies for innovation -driven development in China .%韩国大公司驱动型经济模式与台湾地区中小企业（ SMEs ）驱动型经济模式分别是韩国和台湾地区竞争优势和技术创新的主要来源。但是，在发展创新驱动型经济时代，韩国和台湾地区的经济发展模式受到了前所未有的挑战。在此背景下，韩国和台湾地区提出并实施了一系列促进创新驱动型经济发展的公共政策。本文介绍韩国与台湾地区创新驱动发展的主要公共政策，在此基础上简要指出这些公共政策对我国创新驱动发展的政策含意。
摘要：在江南文化的世界里，潘维是鲜明的诗性符号之一。作为潘维灵魂基因元素的外化，“江南雨水”、“少女”、“太湖”、“巨龙”等江南文化地理意象，既是潘维破译江南文化的诗意密码，又是读者破译潘维灵魂密码的钥匙。他宣称自己是“汉语诗魂的守护者”。他对于“汉语帝王”角色的自期，显示出他的诗学野心。%Pan Wei is one of the distinctive poetic symbols in the world of Jiangnan culture .As the externalizations of the gene elements in Pan Wei’s soul, the geographic images of Jiangnan culture , such as "Jiangnan rain","maids","Taihu Lake","magnificent dragons", and so on, are not only the poetic passwords of Jiangnan culture deciphered by Pan Wei , but also readers’ passwords to decipher Pan Wei ’s soul in return.His poetic ambition is well reflected in his claiming to be "a guardian to Chinese poetic soul", and his personal expectation for the role of "Chinese language emperor".
摘要：中共与民盟共同探索中国特色民主政治的历程可分三个阶段。在新民主主义革命时期，中共与民盟在探索中国特色民主政治的问题上共同语言越来越多，民盟不断地向中共靠拢并最终接受了中共的领导；在社会主义建设时期，中共与民盟在探索中国特色民主政治的问题上积累了许多有益的经验，但也有深刻的教训；在改革开放时期，民盟积极配合中共推行的社会主义政治体制改革，做出了许多有益的共同探索并不断奋斗。历史证明，探索中国特色的民主政治既是中国共产党的政治追求，也是民盟努力的目标，他们的共同奋斗必将促进并不断改善中国的民主政治建设。%The joint exploration progress for Chinese -characteristic democracy by the Communist Party of China ( CPC) and China Democratic League ( CDL) is generally divided into three stages .During the New Democratic Revolution Period , CPC and CDL find more and more common grounds concerning Chinese -characteristic democracy , so much so that CDL gets continually inclined to CPC till a complete acceptance of CPC ’ s leadership .During the Socialistic Construction Period , there are both valua-ble experiences and profound teachings between CPC and CDL in their exploration progress for Chinese -characteristic democra-cy.During the Reform and Opening -up Period , CDL actively assists CPC to implement socialistic political and institutional re-forms, with their beneficially joint explorations and struggles .History has well proved that it is the political pursuit and struggle target of both CPC and CDL to explore Chinese -characteristic democracy , and their joint struggle will inevitably promote and im-prove China ’ s democratic political construction .
摘要：At the micro level , Inter-enterprise Cooperative Innovation is one of the ways for enterprises to improve their innova -tion performance and to upgrade their transformation .While at the macro level , it is also one referential approach to implement innovation-driven strategies .This paper reviews the relevant literature home and abroad in recent years , sums up the factors concerning Inter-enterprise Cooperative Innovation on innovation performance and their working mechanism .Finally it points out shortcomings in these researches and corresponding future research orientations .%企业间合作创新是企业微观层面提高创新绩效、转型升级的手段之一，是国家宏观层面创新驱动战略可供参考的途径之一。本文梳理了国内外近年来的相关文献，总结了合作创新对创新绩效影响的主要因素及影响机理，最后指出现有研究的不足，展望未来研究方向。
摘要：It is of vital importance for higher education to formulate the incentive system in scientific research program manage -ment.Based on principal -agent theory, an encouragement model is set up , where teachers share research outputs .The optimal contract is analyzed in both situations of symmetric and asymmetric information .It confirms the existence of Pareto optimal con-tract in symmetric information , where teachers are unwilling to take program risks and share no output profit .While in the case of asymmetric information , there is a negative correlation between teachers ’ risk level and their profit share .Higher degree of risk aversion entails lower share of output profit .%如何制定激励机制是高校科研项目管理的重要问题。本文基于委托-代理理论，建立了教师参与项目成果分享的激励模型，分析了在信息对称和信息非对称两种情况下的最优代理合同。分析结果表明，在信息对称情况下，存在帕累托最优合同，教师不承担项目风险，分享的项目成果份额为零；在信息不对称情况下，教师承担的风险水平、分享的科研成果份额与其风险规避度负相关，教师越规避风险，分享的成果份额越小。