摘要：高校贫困生由于社会资源的不足和缺乏明确的职业生涯规划,就业更为困难,甚至产生了严重的社会问题,成为建设社会主义和谐社会的一大阻碍因素。家庭、学校、社会和贫困生个人要团结协作,做好贫困大学生的职业生涯规划,为全面建设和谐社会提供有力的保障。%As poor college students lacking of social resources and clear career planning, it is more difficuh to find a job for them, which produced a serious social problem and became a hindering factor in building socialist harmonious society. Family, school, society and individuals should unite and cooperate to implemente career plan of poor college students for providing strong guarantee of overall construction harmonious society.
摘要：采用问卷调查法,随机抽取339名免费师范生,探讨个人自尊、集体自尊、社会支持对主观幸福感的贡献。结果表明：免费师范生主观幸福感、个人自尊和社会支持处于较高水平,集体自尊处于中等水平;个人自尊、集体自尊、社会支持与生活满意度和积极情感显著正相关,与消极情感显著负相关;个人自尊、集体自尊和社会支持对主观幸福感具有显著正向预测作用;个人自尊对主观幸福感的贡献最大,集体自尊次之,社会支持贡献最小。%The study took 339 students in free normal education as participants, explored the relationship between individual serf- esteem, collective serf-esteem, social support and subjective well-being through questionnaires. The results indicted： The scores of subjective well-being, individual serf-esteem, social support was in the superior level; meanwhile the scores of collective serf-es- teem were in the middle level. Individual serf-esteem, collective serf-esteem, social support, and life satisfaction and positive af- fects correlated significantly with each other, while individual serf-esteem, collective serf-esteem, social support, negatively corre- lated with negative affects. Individual self-esteem, collective serf-esteem and social support were significantly positive predictors of subjective well-being. The order of power of contribution to subjective well-being is serf-esteem, social support and collective serf-esteem. Different kinds of collective serf-esteem and social support caused different impacts on subjective well-being.
摘要：Motor and electrical appliance industry is the pillar industry in Ningde, which is one of 32 billion-industry cluster of Fujian. This paper appraises the competitiveness of the motor and electrical appliance industry cluster in Ningde, basing on ＂na- tional diamond＂model. It analyzes the competitiveness from five aspects, factor conditions, demand conditions, related and sup- porting industries, firm strategy, structure and rivalry constitute, chance events＇ and government, and in the end, the paper propos- es advices for the competitiveness promotion of the Motor and electrical appliance industry in ningde.%宁德电机电器产业是宁德市的支柱产业,是福建省32个百亿产业集群之一。基于迈克尔·波特的国家钻石模型,从生产要素,需求条件,相关产业和支持性产业,企业战略、结构与同业竞争,及机会和政府等五个方面对宁德电机电器产业的竞争力进行评价,并在此基础上提出了提升宁德电机电器产业集群竞争力的对策建议。
摘要：The growth restriction and environmental change during the development of Private enterprise shows it is restricted by family culture. Not only the historical dimension cultural inertial effect but also the inadequate supply of realistic cultural re- sources？ become the weak link in the family cultural evolution advancement. To resolve the problem of private enterprise cultural transformation and the unbalance between cultural supply and demand, we must play the joint effect of government system design, enterprise culture consciousness and social support in every way.%民营企业成长中的内生性增长制约和外生性环境变化,家族文化制约凸显。而历史维度的文化惯性效应和现实维度的文化供给乏力,成为家族文化转型的瓶颈。化解民营企业文化转型困境,调节文化资源供求失衡,要发挥政府的制度设计、企业的文化自觉、社会的环境营造等多方的合力效应。
摘要：新建应用型大学以建设和发展应用型学科和专业为主,培养从事专业实际工作的应用型人才,这就决定了新建应用型大学师资队伍建设的内在逻辑是：以应用为指引方针,对应用型与非应用型、专职与兼职、教学型、教学科研型及科研型教师进行分类指导是根本原则,提升教师个人及整个师资队伍的应用能力是核心战略,而提升能力的基本途径则是加强团队合作,校地、校企、校际合作和国际合作。应用指引、分类指导、能力提升和合作途径等四个基本问题,都贯穿着体制机制的建设与创新,乃题中应有之义。%Newly-built university focus on the construction and the development of application course, and cultivate the applied talents who are occupied in professional work, which decide the internal logic of the newly-built applied university team teacher＇ s construction that is application is the guiding orientation, the classification guidance to the teachers of the applied and non-ap- plied, full-time and part-time, teaching type, and teaching and researching type and researching type is the main basic principle, and improving the application ability of teacher and the team teacher is the core strategy and the basic approach is to strengthen team work, the corporation between university and enterprise, the two university and the international corporation. The four prob- lems, Application guidance, classification guidance, ability improving and corporation approach, run through the construction and creation of institution mechanism, which are presented in the title of this article
摘要：The modem civilization is in the transformation phases whose characteristics are ＂the third wave modernization＂. After the 18th century, the west industries are the first wave modernization; ＂Four Asian Tigers＂ in 1970s is the second modernization, while ＂the Four Gold-Brick Countries＂ in 21st century is the third modernization. As different phase＇s investigation of world modernization, it is a new concept of world modernization process. The author thinks that the main thought of the third modern- ization is the dialectical reason not the technique reason, and it is the theory renewal in muhi-cuhure context. The form of the third modernization is China culture, and it is modern model of the leading direction of the dialectical reason.%当代文明正处于转型阶段,其代表特性即＂第三波现代化＂。18世纪以后的西方大工业化是第一波现代化运动,20世纪70年代崛起的＂亚洲四小龙＂是第二波现代化,而21世纪的＂金砖四国＂经济发展是第三波现代化。作为世界现代化的不同阶段考察,这是对世界现代化进程的一种新观念。作者认为,第三波现代化的主体思想是辩证理性而不是技术理性,是在多元文化语境中的理论更新。第三波现代化的代表形态是中国文化,这是辩证理性指导下的现代化模式。
摘要：Culture is the soul of tourism, the low quality of rural tourism root causes is caused by the weak of the rural tourism and cultural connotation. It＇ s a keenly promoted synergies in the process of all to strengthen the cultural connotations of rural tourism. From the perspective of the dynamic analysis, the rural elite is the role of the construction and deconstruction in the construction of cultural connotations of rural tourism, taking the revival of Bamboo Dragon as example. To address and respond to rural tourism and cultural connotation construction, a balance of power should boost rural tourism and cultural elite connotation of cuhural construction; Second, we must strengthen the unity of the elite and the people, encourage community participation in construction of rural tourism and cultural connotations.%文化是旅游的灵魂,乡村旅游文化内涵的单薄是造成乡村旅游品质低下的根本原因。加强乡村旅游文化内涵建设是一个多方联动的过程,以安吉＂竹叶龙＂复兴为例,从动态的视角剖析农村精英在乡村旅游文化内涵建设中的建构与消解作用。正视和应对乡村旅游文化内涵建设,一要以精英均势助推乡村旅游文化内涵建设;二要加强精英与民众的团结,鼓励社区参与乡村旅游文化内涵建设。
摘要：For China＇ s ＂the third generation＂ of poetry ,Jian Yu is one of representative poets. His poetic theory permeated with a strong sense of existential blood. Existentialism and Giaeometti of the Swedish sculptor existed close relationship. Jian Yu and Giacometti conduct cross generational exchange： the seeking ＂slow＂ philosophy of Giacometti and his not-stopping artistic pursuit are honored by Jian Yu, and then affected Jian Yu＇s view of art; they make a dialogue about the question of existence and survival .life and death; coincidentally they walk in the way for spirit home.%作为中国＂第三代＂诗歌代表诗人之一的于坚,其诗学理论中渗透着很浓的存在主义血液。而存在主义与瑞典雕塑大师贾科梅蒂之间也牵绊着难解的情缘。于坚与贾科梅蒂机缘巧合地通过存在主义牵线搭桥,进行着跨时代、跨地域的心灵交会：贾科梅蒂求＂慢＂的哲学、不停歇地艺术追求为于坚所推崇并影响了他的艺术观;两人在对存在的追问中、对生与死的思考中交流对话;又不约而同地走在归家的途中、返乡的路上。
摘要：梅与霜雪之间的审美关系,是中国咏梅诗中最为常见的一种描写视角和表现方式。在与雪的类比中,展示梅花不畏严寒,独标一格的精神风貌。而在日本古典和歌当中,＂梅＂是作为春天的季语而为广泛使用的。梅花代表的就是迎春。且＂比德＂与＂审美＂的双重标准,奠定了中日咏梅诗歌不同的发展道路。%The aesthetic relation between the plum blossom, snow and frost is one of the most common narrative perspectives and expressions in Chinese poetry of plum blossom. The analogy between the plum blossom and the snow reflects the unique spirit of ＂unyielding to snow＂. The plum blossom represents greeting spring. In the meanwhile, the double standards of ＂views of figural virtue＂and ＂aesthetics＇lead to the different development of poetry in the two countries. Japanese literature benefited from Chinese literature.
摘要：与单宾语结构相比,双宾语结构的独特之处在于其一个动词同时与两个宾语相互作用。研究发现：理论分析无法合理解决直宾与间宾的赋格和题元角色分配等问题,从而导致对双宾语结构本身的质疑;间宾的非刚性、历史证据和类型学证据都不支持双宾语结构的合法地位;所谓的双宾语结构是与格结构中与格介词附缀化的结果。%Compared with the mono-object construction, the double-object construction （DOC） is idiosyncratic in that it is a construction in which one verb interacts with two NPs as objects. Based on our recent research, we find that some problems con- cerning the DOC, such as the case assignment and the theta-role assignment of the two objects, can not be appropriately solved. As a result, the validity of the DOC per se is called into query. Evidence from the non-rigidity of the indirect object, the history of the DOC, and the typological analysis of the DOC supports the claim that the DOC is an illusion. As a way out, the so-called DOC is supposed to be a representation of the dative construction （DC） resulting from cliticization.
摘要：The handbook of learning College English College is of great help to explicit the course requirements, instruct teaching and learning, regulate the management, introduce resources and guide the development of the course, teachers and students. In the information age, its design and compilation would be based on four learning stages and three media-literacy-oriented abilities and be promoted in such aspects as teacher, coursebook, media, learning strategy and sustainable development in order to make students＇ learning regular, efficient and continuous.%大学英语学生学习手册有利于明确要求,指导教学,规范管理,推介资源,引领发展。当今信息化背景下,手册的设计编写应以学生学习的四个阶段和以电子识字能力为中心的学生三种能力为基础,在教师、教材、媒体、学法、发展等方面展开,以便于学生自主学习的经常性、有效性、连续性。
摘要：双语教学是高校质量工程的重要组成。近几年高校教学探索中存在三个主要问题：学生第二语言的现有水平不足以进行有效的双语学习,影响学生对学科知识的掌握;学生在双语课程学习中的无助心理导致其自我效能感的缺失;学校管理层不重视双语师资的培训,双语课程的开设缺乏连贯性与合理规划。针对以上问题,高校双语课程应该实行学生选课制、开设双语课程群以及对双语学生进行科学的学业评价。%Bilingual education is an important part of Higher Education Quality Engineering. There are mainly three problems during exploring bilingual teaching in colleges and universities. The second language level of the students is not sufficient for ef- fective bilingual learning, thus impacting students＇ mastery of subject knowledge; The students＇ helplessness in bilingual learning leads to lack of self-efficacy; The school management does not focus on the training of bilingual teachers, and bilingual programs lack coherence and rational planning. The paper suggests that bilingual teaching implement students＇ elective course system, bilingual program group and scientific academic evaluation.
摘要：陶行知先生于20世纪40年代在其＂生活教育＂理论和丰富实践的基础上,提出了富有建设性的＂六大解放＂教育思想,即解放幼儿的头脑、双手、眼睛、嘴、空间与时间。基于对当今幼儿教育中存在的＂超前教育＂和＂超载教育＂现象的思考,结合＂六大解放＂教育思想的启示,提出幼儿教育＂减负＂的主张。%In the 1940s, Mr. Tao,based on the ＂life education＂ theory and abundant practice, puts forward constructive ＂six lib- erties＂ education thought, which includes the liberation of children＇s brain, hands, eyes, mouth, space, and time. Based on the interpretation of ＂six liberties＂ thought, it is significant in the field of ＂reduce the loads＂.
摘要：Making a general survey of three decades historical changes of land circulation of rural areas in Anhui province; it generally can be divided into five stages： germination, pilot and exploration, climax and adjustment, the acceleration of development and the new era development. Rural land circulation in Anhui province has some obvious features. Meanwhile, there also exist some barrier factors which restraining the land circulation process. The reform of Land property rights system is closely linked with the scale, progress and the efficiency of land circulation. The effective practice to promote land circulation process in Anhui province is to increase the reform strength of the rural land property rights system.%纵观改革开放30年安徽农村土地流转的历史变迁,大体上可以分为萌芽、试点和探索、高潮和调整、加速发展和新时期发展五个阶段。安徽省农村土地流转具有一些明显的特点,与此同时也存在着一些制约土地流转进程的障碍性因素。土地产权制度改革与土地流转的规模、进度和效率息息相关,加大农村土地产权制度改革力度是推行安徽省土地流转进程行之有效的做法。
摘要：随着我国经济体制改革的不断深入,公司管理以财务管理为核心,已成为企业家和经济界人士的共识。之所以说财务管理是公司管理的核心,因为它是通过价值形态对公司资金运作的一项综合性的管理,渗透和贯穿于公司一切经济活动之中。因此,加强财务管理是公司可持续发展的一个关键环节。从成本控制入手,把财务管理目标推向一个新高度,这是公司目前财务管理中的一项重要工作任务。%With the continuous deepening of China economic reform, the company management to financial management as the core, has become entrepreneurs and economic circles of consensus. The reason why we say that financial management is the man- agement of the core is be cause it is the form of value to the company through a comprehensive capital campaign management, infiltration and run through all economic activities in the company. Therefore, strengthening the financial management of the com- pany as a key to sustainable development. We should start with the financial management of cost control objectives into a new phase, which is currently an important financial management objectives.
摘要：多丽丝·莱辛是学术界备受关注的作家,但是,学术界对其成长小说的研究却十分有限。成长小说是多丽丝·莱辛短篇小说中的重要一类,在这类作品中作者对青少年成长问题给予了极大的关注。文章以《木施朗加老酋长》《草原日出》《穿过隧洞》等短篇小说为中心,着重探讨了莱辛成长小说的特点。%Doris Lessing is a well-studied writer, but her bildungsroman is not studied much enough. Bildungsroman is an essen- tial part of Doris Lessing＇s works, in which she is concerned about the growth of the youth. In the present paper, it explores the chief characteristics of Doris Lessing＇s bildungsroman by analysing her short stories as The Old ChiefMshlanga, A Sunrise on the Veld, Through the Tunnel, and so on.
摘要：The application of English intitialisms in Chinese has aroused the concerns on the purity of Chinese. Combined with related translation theories, language economy principle and the social attribute of language, it is proved that the introduction of initialisms meets the demands of times, promotes the Chinese language while does little harm to its purity.%近年来,英语首字母缩略词在汉语中的广泛应用引发了部分学者对汉语言纯洁性的担忧。文章在结合相关翻译学理论、语言经济原则和语言社会属性等问题探讨的基础之上,认为英语字母缩略词的流行符合时代发展的需要,有助于保持汉语的活力,并且无碍于汉语的纯洁性。
摘要：当前,学前融合教育已经成为国际学前特殊教育的发展趋势。文章探讨了近年来我国学前融合教育的研究内容,分析了我国学前融合教育目前存在的现状,以期对今后开展学前融合教育有所启发。%at present, Inclusive Preschool Education has become a trend of international Preschool special education. The paper mainly discusses the study on domestic Inclusive Preschool Education In Recent Years,and analyses current situation as well. Aiming to offer inspirations for future research.
摘要：Discipline research methods and results are equally important. At the start of the study, results have been decided by methods. Classics of anthropology, which are not only as a research guidance, but also worth using for reference and reflection. This paper will take Argonauts of the Western Pacific and The Andman Islanders as examples, through the comparison of similar- ities and differences of their research methods to shows the new research paradigm in ethnography.%学科的研究方法与成果同等重要,研究之初其方法就已决定了成果的指向。人类学的经典著作,不仅可以作为现实研究的有效指导,其理论方法也值得我们借鉴、反思。文章以《西太平洋上的航海者》和《安达曼岛人》二书为例,通过马林诺夫斯基和布朗研究方法异同的比较,阐述一种民族志学的新研究范式。
摘要：The important condition of the aesthetic activity happening is the aesthetic relation, and makes a clear distinction of aesthetic object and the border of aesthetic object, which can benefit the cognition of inner mechanism. The aesthetic object can- not leave out of the potential aesthetic elements; moreover, it cannot leave out of the people. The transformation from the aesthetic object to the building of aesthetic relation relay on the involvement of aesthetic subject. The aesthetic object and subject is the existence of the object, which show the image of aesthetic and the feeling of the aesthetic subject.%审美关系是审美活动发生的重要条件,划清审美的对象与审美对象的边界,将有助于认识审美关系发生的内在机制;审美对象离不开对象中的潜在的审美元素,更离不开人的参与;从审美的对象到审美对象的转向依赖于审美关系的建立,依赖于审美主体的参与;审美对象与审美主体是对象性的存在,体现了审美对象的形象性与情感性的特征。
摘要：Chongqing west moral culture is an important part of content, that is, about the political and moral character, people thought moral character and social morality. This article froms the value of political integrity, which advocated courtesy, advocate treat others with sincerity, pay attention to the national rise and fall four aspects discusses the detailed in the proverb says Chongqing western Chongqing west moral culture essence.%渝西道德文化中很重要的一部分内容，即关于人的政治品德、思想品德和社会道德。文章从看重政治气节、倡导礼义廉耻、主张以诚待人、关注国家兴亡等四方面详细探析了渝西方言谚语中的渝西道德文化精华。
摘要：“灾异说”认为，灾异乃是社会政治问题所致，当局应以改革社会政治应对。主流社会长期以此应对灾异，故对蝗灾也不采取捕杀措施。在唐代姚崇以下以捕杀应对蝗灾的基础上，宋人以全面捕杀为主要手段应对蝗灾，在实践上突破了“灾异说”。与此相应，对“灾异说”，宋代的思想精英们从前人的笃信发展为质疑，乃至彻底抛弃，客观、理性地应对蝗灾等灾异。%In the theory about plague before, a plague was resulted in the relevant social and political errors, and the only mea- sure against the plague was to correct the errors. The authorities had been done against the plagues according to the theory in the period of more than 1000 years, and not killed the locusts in the plagues of locust, just with some exceptions. In Song, killing lo- custs was the popular measure against the plagues of locust, people knew a lot about locust, and some gentlemen began to sus- pect the theory about plague that had been very popular since Hun Dynasty, and even abandoned it at last.
摘要：As the unique represent of modem times＇ charity organization, charitable institution play an important role in modem Wuhan charity development. During the time of the end of Qing dynasty and the beginning of Min, the government has weak abil- ity of managing, the charitable institution has some social salvation responsibilities, and at the same time, they overpass the prin- ciple of dis-involving and take into some official affairs and play an important role in modem society.%作为近代民间慈善组织的典型代表，善堂在近代武汉地方慈善事业中扮演着十分重要的角色。在清末民初政府治理能力削弱的环境下，善堂承担了社会救助的主要责任，与此同时，善堂还超越了不预他事的规条，涉足了地方公事，在近代社会扮演了一个重要的角色。
摘要：自新增长理论形成以来，将养老保障制度与人力资本积累相联系进行研究成为社会保障、社会学等领域的研究热点之一。无论是国外的理论研究还是实证研究均表明，养老保障制度对于人力资本积累的影响作用是十分明显的。但我国目前理论界直接对养老保障制度与人力资本积累之间关系展开研究的尚属少数。因此，关于养老保障制度对家庭人力资本积累的影响研究的广度和深度均有待发掘。%Since the formation of new leaf growth theory, the research about the relationship between the pension system and human capital accumulation has become a hot spot in the field of social security, sociology and other fields. In foreign countries, whether theoretical research or empirical studies shows that the effect of pension system on human capital accumulation is very obvious. But the Related researches in our country are still very little. And mostly researches are based on qualitative research and the attitude expression of the author. Therefore, the breadth and depth of research about the effects of pension system on the family human capital accumulation should be discovered.
摘要：近年来，未成年人犯罪呈上升趋势，这一问题已经引起全社会的高度关注和重视。对未成年人犯罪的惩戒，核心价值不在于报应和震慑，解决问题的关键在于弱化、消除犯罪行为对社会造成的不良影响，侧重于对未成年人的身心矫治。检察机关运用刑事和解、暂缓起诉、社区矫正等“恢复性司法”制度处理未成年人犯罪，取得了良好的社会效果。运用“恢复性司法”处理未成年人犯罪，既有赖于立法的支撑，更有赖于司法的践行。%In recent years, juvenile＇s crime has increasingly up warded, which has arouses the high concern and importance in the whole sociality. The punishment of juveniles crimes＇ core value is not the judgment and frighten but the core to the problem is to eliminate and reduce the bad influence of juveniles crime to the sociality, and attache more importance to the correction the juveniles＇ mind and body. Procuratorial office uses criminal reconciliation, community correction and such res to deal with the juvenile＇ s crime and gains some better social effects. Using to deal with juveniles crime is good to be the support of building up the law but is better to the practice of the law.
摘要：This article points out that the songs in China＇s rear area has stage characteristic according to the time, and it makes deep analysis to its reason. At the same time, it puts forward that the songs in China＇s rear area have divided into two stages of ＂blowout stage＂ and ＂drop stage＂, and make further analysis of social development principle and the relation of literature development principle.%文章指出，抗战大后方歌谣在时间分布上存在阶段性的特征，并对原因进行了深入分析。同时将抗战大后方歌谣以1940年为界，分为“井喷阶段”和“跌落阶段”，进一步分析揭示出其与社会历史发展规律及文学发展规律的关系。
摘要：Zhang Daqian is the great person in 20th century painting fiehl. This article fbcuses on the relation of his painting of ealligraphy and painting, and makes analysis an painting of calligraphy and the struetures of painting and the relation of painling of calligra- phy and the meaniug of painting, tits paintings of calligraphy focus on the painling, and serve tbr visual purpose and also mix the fecling and points of view to lives and painting into the paintings. On the structure, his paintings form the beauty of picturesque scene and form the combination of poem, books and paintings, and the artistic, conception achieve the extension and development.%张大千是中国20世纪画坛上的大师，文章聚焦张大千画作中画款书法与绘画的关系，从画款书法与画作的结构和画款书法与画意的关系方面进行讨论。他的画款书法以绘画为主体，既服务于视觉的审美，又将自己对人生、对绘画的情感及观点融汇其中，在构图美的基础之上自然而然地造就了画境之关，形成了诗书画的完美结合。艺术的审美意境获得无尽的延伸和拓展。
摘要：民间故事，是“非物质文化遗产”的一个值得特别重视的部分。对于民间故事的研究，一方面是在于通过搜集、整理，以达到“保护”的目的；一方面也是要通过对探源、发微的研究，以进一步深入认识它的意义与价值，并尽力使之能够继续“传承发展”，以达到“古为今用”的目的。因此，这“保护”与“传承发展”的双重目的性，就包涵着“历史视角”与“现代视角”的矛盾。文章所探讨的是对这种矛盾的处理，应该严格遵守的保护原则与在传承发展工作中必要的审慎态度。%Folk tales is an important part of intangible culture heritage which is attached great importance. For the researches of folk tales, on the one hand, we should collect and clear up them in order to achieve the purpose of ＂protection＂; on the other hand, we should make researches of exploring, and make further meaning and value about them and inherit and develop in order to achieve the purpose of ＂making the past serving the present＂. Therefore, for the purposes of the above, folk tales contain the contradiction of ＂historical angle＂ and ＂modem angle＂. This article makes an analysis of how to deal with this contradiction, and observe the principle of protection and the attitude of prudence in working.
摘要：论文介绍了CDIO工程教育模式，分析了职业技能竞赛与CDIO工程教育模式的关联度，研究了一种基于CDIO模式的教学方案设计，包括以项目为载体的教学环节设计、以产品为载体的实训环节设计和以设计为载体的考核环节设计三个方面。实践证明，职业技能竞赛导向下的CDIO工程教育模式的实施，对职业教育模式的改革有一定的促进作用。%This articlo introduceds the CDIO engineering education model, and anglyzes the correlation degree of oecupation skill competition and CI）IO engineering education model, studied a teaching design based on CDIO education mode, including the design of teaching based on project, the design of training based on products and the design of assessment based on product designing. Practice has proved, the CI）IO engineering education model under the guide of occupation skill competition has a certain role in promoting occupation education reform.