摘要：教师职业幸福也称教育幸福，是教师在教育教学工作中实现自己的职业理想的一种教育主体生存状态。要实现教师的职业幸福，必须提高教师的幸福能力。教师的幸福能力是指教师对幸福的感受力、创造力。本文就教师职业的幸福能力以及培养谈谈自己的看法，对于教师职业道德内容的充实具有参考和借鉴价值。%Teachers＇ professional happiness is also called education happiness and is a subjective living state in which teachers work to achieve their career ideal in the teaching and education. To realize the teachers＇professional happiness, the teacher＇s ability to be happy must be improved. Teachers＇happiness ability refers to the teachers＇experience and creation of happiness. The author expressed her opinions and cultivation of teachers＇happiness ability with the purpose to give some insights into the teachers＇ morality.
摘要：伴随着我国城市化进程的加速和城市外延式扩张的深入，产生了“城中村”这一特有现象。在对城中村的改造中忽视了生态文明建设，出现了景观、管理、社会、环境等方面的问题，使“城中村”成为现代城市发展的不和谐音符。用生态文明理念对其整治，注重内涵式构建，使物质景观、村民的文化与行为方式、规划与管理机制、村民的就业观念等融入城市，实现城中村的城市化和城市生态化。%＂ Urban village＂ came into being as the accelerated development of our country＇s urbanization and further expansion of the city. With the ignorance of the ecological construction, many scenic, managing, social, and environmental problems arose. The renovation of urban village with the philosophy of ecological civilization, which focuses on intentional construction, could integrate landscape, villagers＇s civilization, behaviors and employment mentality, and urban villager＇s planning and managing with the city and realize its urbanization and ecological harmony.
摘要：女性作为生活与社会的多重性角色，特别是作为女性画家，她们有着不同于男性画家的生命情感体验和思维特征，有着不同于男性的色彩和题材的想象力。女性画家的作品有着直接间接的自述话语，洋溢着女性的风采，熔铸着女性的思想。在当今以男性绘画为主流的社会，女性绘画有着不可替代的位置。女性艺术和男性艺术之和才是人类艺术全貌。%The female painters have made the women different and unique emotional experience and thinking ways because of the multiple roles they are playing in life and society, which is quiet different from the male painters. The works of the female artist have both a direct and indirect expressions, permeating with women＇s elegance, casting the women＇s thought. Nowadays, although the male painter＇s work is the mainstream of painting, the female painting is also playing an irreplaceable position. So, it is argued that the combination of women＇s art and men＇s art is the whole picture of the human art.
摘要：Hugo Wolff was an outstanding composer in composing aesthetic songs. His songs revealed his loyalty to the poems, paying attention to the objectivity lyric of the song, lifting the sound of the piano to the equal position of the vocals, thus, he created a new status - quo of the aesthetic songs.%胡戈·沃尔夫是艺术歌曲创作领域一位杰出的作曲家，也是一位真正以音乐沉思的诗人。他的作品用音乐表达诗歌的气质、神韵和诗意，充分体现了对诗歌的忠诚，注重艺术歌曲的“客观性”抒情，把钢琴提到与人声同等重要的地位，开创了艺术歌曲的新局面。
摘要：数字档案馆系统的安全保障是数字档案馆系统正常运行的关键环节。由于网络技术、数字化技术的快速发展与广泛应用以及病毒与黑客的泛滥，网络被视为“最不安全”的区域，对数字档案系统造成了严重安全威胁。从硬件安全、软件安全、管理制度建设、设备管理、权限管理、数据备份、病毒防护等入手，构建数字档案系统的安全保障体系。%The security of the digital archives system is the key link of the normal operation of the system. With the rapid development of the network technology, digital technology and wide application of hackers and viruses, the network is regarded as ＂the least safe＂ area, posing serious security threats to digital file system. It was argued that the security of hardware, software, management system construction, equipment management, rights management, and data backups and virus protection were the significant measures to construct security digital file system.
摘要：It is of great importance to build a suitable teaching management team in the newly founded undergraduate colleges and universities. It was proposed that the personnel＇s selection, management, layered - training and improvement of quality are the significant factors to ensure the stability of the teaching management team and an efficient way to inspire them to carry out the researches on education and teaching so as to reach the standard of undergraduate course evaluation.%建设一支与其教育教学发展相适应的教学管理队伍尤其迫切和重要。对于新建本科院校重视对教学管理人员的选拔、管理以及分层次培训、培养和素质提高，确保教学管理队伍的相对稳定，激励教学管理者结合岗位进行教育教学研究是达到合格本科的有效途径。
摘要：《西方文化史》是历史系学生的专业课程，其教学内容体现了人文知识的综合性。教学中可以通过从文学、艺术和思想以及行为举止三个层次入手来培养学生的审美意识，使学生积累审美经验，形成审美观念和审美趣味，成为有心灵生活的人，从而在深化该门课程教学内容的同时．丰富学生的文化知识，提高学生的人文素质．%The History of Western Culture is a professional subject to the students majored in history. Its contents embody the comprehensive knowledge of humanism. So in the teaching, teachers can cultivate students＇aesthetics through three different levels as by literature, art and thoughts and behavior, which helps the students to accumulate aesthetic experience, to form aesthetic ideas and tastes, thus to become the people full of spiritual life. As a result, the course can not only make students＇cultural knowledge colorful, but improve their qualities.
摘要：与教学支持相对而言，非教学支持是学习支持的另一个重要方面。非教学支持一般包括面授非教学支持和网上非教学支持。网上非教学支持是基于网络教学环境对学习者在组织学习等方面给予的咨询、交流、激励和帮助。与面授非教学支持比较而言，网上非教学支持有其显明的远程开放性、交互主体性、过程间接性、对象虚拟性等特征。网上的非教学支持一般包括网上自助活动、网上互助活动，它们本质上都是助人活动。%Contrast to the teaching support, non -teaching support is another important aspect to support the learning. The non- teaching support generally includes the face -to -face and online non -teaching supports and the later one is to offer learners some helps in consultation, communication, and inspiration on the Internet. So compared with the face ＂to - face teaching, the non - teaching on the Intemet showed obvious features of remote openness, reciprocal subjectivity, process indirectness, and object virtualness. Generally, the online teaching support includes online self- help activities, online cooperation, which are essentially helpful activities.
摘要：在信息与科技高速发展的今天,企业必须使自身的产品最大限度地满足消费者的需求,才能博得消费者的满意和信赖.因此,在新产品的研发设计阶段,虚拟产品的概念属性组合(Alternatives of product attritutes)和评估显得尤为重要.联合分析法正是这样一种工具,可以对多个属性同时进行定量的分析和评价,测试什么样的产品属性组合最受市场欢迎,是解决顾客需求向功能需求转换的有力工具.文章介绍并分析了联合分析在概念设计评估中的应用方法.