摘要：“职能－行为”的传统分析框架忽视了“利益”这一影响行为选择的原生性变量，不足以解释农村公共品供给中乡镇政府的行为模式，因而有必要用“利益－行为”的分析框架予以补正；场化进程与分权式改革使乡镇政府成为具有自身利益的相对独立的利益主体，并强化了其工具理性，拓展了其行动空间，从而引发了公共品供给中的角色冲突和行为失范；乡镇政府的行为选择，不仅受各种客观因素的影响，更受自身独立利益的驱动，归根结底是多重角色利益互动博弈的结果。%The traditional analytical framework "Function -Behavior"has ignored the original variable "interests"which affects the behavior choice.Therefore,it is insufficient to explain the behavior pattern of the township government in rural public goods supply and the "Interests -Behavior"analytical framework is needed for correction.Owing to the marketization and decentralization reform,the township government has become the relatively independent subject of in-terests,strengthened the instrumental rationality and expanded the action space,leading to role conflict and the behavior anomie in the public goods supply.Besides the various objective factors,the behavior choice of township government is also driven by its individual interests.Ultimately,it is the result of multiple role interests game.
摘要：Just like the Bible in western culture,The Analects is the most important classics in Chinese traditional cul-ture .In order to further study The Analects,several knotty problems need to be discussed in depth including its authors, true essence,core ideas,difficult sentences,etc.The Analects is a collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chi-nese philosopher Conficius as his contemporaries,traditionally believed to have been mainly compiled by disciples of Confucius′followers You Rou and Zengshen.It also contains some contents compiled by disciples of Ran Qiu and Min Ziqian.The Analects,a political philosophy book,elucidates the wisdom of being a person,a learner and a statesman with the core idea of Ren(benevolence)which includes inner cultivation as body and "love people and treasure things"as function .%《论语》是中国传统文化最重要的经典，在中国文化史上的地位绝不亚于《圣经》对西方文化的影响；为了进一步深化对《论语》的研究，有若干疑难问题需作深入探讨，包括《论语》的编著者、《论语》的真谛、《论语》的核心思想、《论语》的疑难句等；认为《论语》主要是孔子的弟子有若和曾参的弟子们编纂而成，也包含了冉求、闵子骞的弟子编纂的一些内容；《论语》是一本政治哲学书，围绕着为人、为学、为政三位一体的内容展开；《论语》核心思想是“仁”，包括体和用两个方面，仁之体为内心修养，仁之用为“仁民爱物”。
摘要：Britain became the first industrialized country across the world after Industrial Revolution,which was closely related to large scale of capital inputs.More specifically,private capital market and bank credit market provided capital for manufacturing industry,and the canal and railway industries were funded by public capital market.The Industrial Revolution was significantly supported by local capital market and credit market,and its financing was regionalized. During this time,government policies have transferred from commerce -oriented to free economy theory,which helped to the advancement of Industrial Revolution.The inspirations that current economic construction in our country can draw from Great Britain′s Industrial Revolution are concluded as follows.First,regional capital market should be actively sup-ported.Second,financial institutions such as local medium -sized and small banks should be further developed.Third, the relationship between government and market should be further rationalized and optimized.%英国通过工业革命成为世界第一个工业化国家，与大规模资本投入紧密相关。私人资本市场和银行贷款市场为制造业提供了资本，运河、铁路等行业主要获得公共资本市场的支持，地方资本市场与贷款市场对工业革命的支持十分显著，工业革命融资呈现区域化特点。这一时期，政府的政策导向从“重商主义”向“自由经济理论”转变，为工业革命的顺利推进创造了条件。英国工业革命融资为中国当前经济建设提供了三点启示：一是要大力发展区域资本市场；二是要继续发展地方中小银行等金融机构；三是要继续理顺和优化政府与市场的关系。
摘要：在分析不同类型工作压力与员工创造力直接关系的基础上，探索了大五人格中的尽责性、情绪稳定性对此关系的调节作用。通过随机取样，运用396个有效样本进行了实证检验。研究结果表明：挑战型工作压力促进员工创造力，而妨害型工作压力降低员工创造力；高尽责性的员工在面临妨害型工作压力时表现出更低水平的创造力；高情绪稳定性抑制了挑战型工作压力对员工创造力的促进作用，同时也抑制了妨害型工作压力对员工创造力的减弱作用。研究结果有助于理论界和企业实践者更好的理解不同类型的工作压力对不同人格特征的员工创造力的影响过程。%This paper analyzed the direct relationship between employees′creativity and their different types of working pressure,exploring the moderating effects of five personality characteristics in terms of their devotion to work and emo-tional stability.On the basis of random data from 396 bank employees,the authors found that:1 )the challenge stress had a positive effect on employee creativity while the hindrance stress had a negative effect on employee creativity;2) employees low in consciousness showed higher level creativity than employees high in consciousness when they were faced with hindrance stress;3)emotional stability suppressed the relationship between working pressure and employee creativity.Implications with respect to future research and practice are noted.Results contribute to the relevant re-searchers and practitioners,and they may have a better understanding on the process of how different types of working pressure influence different personality characteristics of employees creativity.
摘要：中国共产党在十八届四中全会上对国家法治建设的方向性问题作出了明确表态，必须坚持走中国特色社会主义法治道路。当代中国的法治道路是以中国基本国情为考量前提，解决国家在发展建设中所遇社会问题的法律治理途径和模式，是建设社会主义法治国家的唯一正确道路，这是由中国的历史、文化、经济、人民诉求及对外开放等因素决定的。我们要以通过培育社会主义法治信仰、传承优秀传统法律文化与重构中华法系等为指导，构建“立法科学化、执法严格化、司法公正化、守法全民化”四化一体新模式，为实现全面推进依法治国的目标。%The communist party of China took a firm stand on the directional issue of our country′s legal construction in the fourth plenary session of the 18th of CPC,which the path of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristic is to be taken insistently.The path of socialist rule of law in contemporary China is the pathway and model of legal governance to resolving social issues that China encounters in the development and construction in accordance with China′s basic na-tional conditions,and is the unique right path to the construction of socialist country under the rule of law because it is decided by the following factors:history,culture,economy,people′s demands and the opening to the outside world in China.Therefore,to realize the goal of comprehensively promoting the rule of law,we should structure the new pattern of four dimensionalities of "hua"and an organic whole for "legislation′s scientification,law enforcement′s severization,ju-dicature′s fairness and law -abiding′s popularization"by cultivating people the socialist rule of law belief,inheriting the excellent traditional legal culture and reconstructing the Chinese legal system as a guide.
摘要：The concept of "cai zi shu"proposed by Jin Shengtan to be a match for Classics and History has incoporated Historical Records into the literary research system from historical reseach,which is the most significant event in Canoni-zation of literature of Historical Records.By comparing for the "Yi wen yun shi"idea of Historical Records and the "Yin wen sheng shi"idea of Water Margin,Jin Shengtan evaluated Water Margin in reference to the art value of Historical Re-cords.Through mutual interpretation and confirmation of intertexuality,Historical Records has marked the literary posi-tion of Water Margin and strengthened its own status in classic literature.%金圣叹的“才子书”的观念，用文学产生的历史必然来抗衡经史，将《史记》纳入了文学性研究的意义体系，完成了史学向文学研究方向的转换，成为《史记》文学经典化历程中最有意义的创举；金圣叹以《史记》为艺术价值尺度对《水浒传》的品评实践，在《史记》、《水浒传》两个经典的对话中，文本的互文性相互阐释、相互印证，《史记》的经典重新归置了文学秩序，作为坐标尺度标出了《水浒传》在文学史的地位，强化了《史记》文学经典地位。
摘要：从义务的来源来看，有我国国内、东道国、国际层面以及其他一些非正式的环保义务要求。就争端解决的运行逻辑而言，选择不同的争端解决机制，责任认定结果往往有所不同。中企预判自己直接投资于“一带一路”其他国家的环境责任，需要立足于环境争端的公正合理解决，明晰应该参照适用的环境标准、东道国生态环境规制措施的合法性和合理性、投资行为的真实生态环境后果和归责原则。%Environmental protection is an essential aspect of the Belt and Road Initiative.Chinese enterprises need to pay close attention to their environmental responsibilities arising from their foreign direct investments in other countries a-long the Belt and Road Initiative.Determination of environmental responsibility is required to consider the sources of en-vironmental obligations and the operational logic of dispute settlement.Chinese enterprises face the environmental obliga-tions from four dimensions which are domestic,host countries (regions),international and some other informal environ-mental obligations.Different approaches of dispute settlement mechanisms may lead to different results.For pre -jud-ging their environmental responsibilities,Chinese enterprises should,on the base of just and reasonable settlement of en-vironmental disputes,clarify the environmental standards,identify the legitimacy and rationality of governmental regula-tion,review the objective environmental consequences and determine the doctrine of liability fixation.
摘要：以审判为中心对现行诉讼制度进行改革，要求一切诉讼活动都要以审判为中心展开，控辩审三方职能的行使都要围绕审判展开，实现庭审实质化。庭审实质化需贯彻直接言词原则，要求将证据裁判原则深入到庭审过程尤其是认定被告人有罪的过程中，而证人和鉴定人出庭便是落实庭审实质化的重要前提。随着审判中心诉讼改革的加深，有效利用出庭证人和鉴定人在庭审中的证言，保证被告人的辩护权得到充分有效的行使，是谈审判中心改革的重要内容。美国证据法的证人弹劾规则中有部分内容不仅有利于庭审双方形成良性的对抗态势，更有助于对事实认定者证人证言的可信性进行判断，促进事实认定的准确性。%The reformation of criminal procedure in trial -centeredness has been posed by the Resolution of the Forth Plenum of CPC.Firstly,the trial should be the center of the entire criminal procedure system.Secondly,the both par-ties of trial should be controlled by the trial.The most important is substantive of trial.All above including the convic-tion of defendant should be governed by the principle of direct and verbal &the principle of judgment by means of evi-dence.The important premise is the attendance of witness and identifier.With the guidance of parts of the rules of im-peachment,the situaition of the attendance of witness and identifier will be improved.How to use the testimony and pro-tect the right of defense are important parts of the reformation of criminal procedure in trial -centeredness.Research on the rules of impeachment in Federal Rules of Evidence should be helpful to the both parties in forming a good confronta-tion situation and to the fact finder in judging the credibility of the testimony.
摘要：讨论了在中国政府承诺2030年前后达到碳峰值背景下，中国各区域和不同城市与全国碳排的同步、提前或滞后的问题。研究结果表明全国 CO2排放峰值在基准情下在2030年出现峰值，低碳情景下在2028年出现峰值，陕西省 CO2排放峰值在2029年出现。最后对区域碳峰值和国家碳峰值进行了比较与分析，并提出了相关的对策建议。%This paper discusses the issues of carbon emissions in terms of synchronization,advance or lag between dif-ferent regions and cities in China under the background of the Chinese government commitment to reach carbon peak a-round 2030.On the basis of cointegration equation,by applying scenario analysis,it predicts the carbon peak in China and Shaanxi Province respectively.The results show that the national CO2 peak will appeare in 2030 under the baseline scenario and 2028 under the low carbon scenario.The CO2 peak in Shaanxi Province will appeare in 2029.In addition, it compares and analyzes regional and national carbon peaks and put forward some relevant suggestions.
摘要：两千余年的男权、等级和专制文化，造成中国社会男性的普遍扭曲，这不仅注定了本民族“文革”的命运，也使女性和自然深受其害。小说对女性和自然的关怀及对男权文化的批判，既有对西方生态女性主义思想的接受，又有创造性的应用与超越。小说对中国传统文化的反思和自省，对构建当代和谐社会具有重要的借鉴意义。%Though the Cultural Revolution is the political ecology of the novel The Old Furnace,written by Jia Pingwa, one of the most famous writers in China,it is the humanity condition influenced by Chinese traditional culture that de-cides the writing trend and results of the novel.More than two thousand years culture of mental contortion,patriarchy, and monocracy resulted in the general distorted humanity of the males,which not only caused the Cultural Revolution in China,but also made Chinese women and nature suffer a lot.The novel shows solicitude for women and the nature,and criticizes the male -dominated culture in China.It does not only accept the western eco -feminist ideology,but has its own creativity and transcendence.The reflection and introspection of Chinese traditional culture in the novel is really meaningful and provides us with reference significance for the construction of modern harmonious society.
摘要：International Investment Law system is currently under a turn toward socialization.Transnational investment is highly embedded in the social structural and domestic regulation framework in host state,and therefore International Investment law is of great social effect in host state,including Spill -over Effect and Crowding -out Effect.Beyond tra-ditional investment protection and investment liberalization provisions,International Investment Law incorporates more and more socialized provisions to response to the negative social effect of International Investment Law in host state to so-cial interests and public policy.The socialization of International Investment Law reveals the rational interactions of stakeholders,among which the great powers in the central of International Investment Law system are critical to such transformation of socialization.%阐析国际投资法社会化趋势的规则表现，动力机制及其中的大国问题；认为国际投资协定越来越多包含传统投资自由化和投资保护之外的条款，以更多回应外国投资引起的或与外国投资直接相关的社会利益保护事宜；主张国际投资法社会化趋势是国际投资法体系下各利益相关者理性互动的制度反应，国际投资法社会化趋势从抽象规范落实为具体规则仍有赖于处在国际投资法体系中心位置的大国的示范和支持。
摘要：The construction of special education zone has played a positive role in the education reform,promoting the rapid development of higher education.However,there is still a lack of systematic research on the construction of special education zone.In order to further clarify the purpose and applicability of the special educational zone and to better its institutional construction,analysis of relationship between the academic special zone and development of higher educa-tion institutions is of great importance.Moreover,it will also provide the theoretical reference for top -level design and scientific layout for the construction of special education zone.%特区建设在教育教学改革中发挥了积极的作用，促使了高等教育的飞速发展。但高等教育的特区建设目前还缺乏深入系统的研究，对学术特区与高校发展关系进行梳理与分析，以便进一步明确特区建设的目的与适用性，更好地做好学校特区建设的制度建设，为高校做好特区建设的顶层设计，科学布局提供理论参考。
摘要：Shaanxi is regarded as the great province of literature,just because generations of writers have established and supported the mansion of Shaanxi literature with their writing achievements.In the aspect of novel,different kinds of works of novels,novellas and short stories,which grew all together and mutually confirmed,had created a grand view of literature.The Selected works of Shaanxi literature in the past sixty years·Volume of short stories have analyzed the writing situation of short stories of Shaanxi writers,and stated that the short stories written by the young generation writ-ers have not reached the high level of the old generation works,no matter in contents or art quality.If Shaanxi litera-ture,which has the strategic importance in the whole Chinese literature,does not have the prosperity of short stories,it will be very hard for it to match the honorary titles of "Strategic Place and Great Province of Literature"in any case.%以《陕西文学六十年作品选·短篇小说卷》为依据，分析了陕西作家短篇小说创作态势，认为陕西年轻一代作家的短篇小说创作无论内容还是艺术质量都不及老一辈作家所达到的高度。作为中国文学重镇的陕西文学，如果没有短篇小说的昌盛，无论如何也难以与文学“重镇”、“大省”相匹配。
摘要：Philosophy and social science are derived from the practice of human society with the fundamental purpose of serving the people.Philosophy and social sciences have distinct ideological attributes.The construction of philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics not only needs to adhere to the Marxism as the guidance,but also ad-heres to cultural confidence and follows the laws of scientific development of philosophy and social science so as to flour-ish the philosophy and social science with Chinese characteristics.%哲学社会科学源自于人类社会实践，其根本宗旨是为人民服务。哲学社会科学具有鲜明的意识形态属性。构建中国特色哲学社会科学，不仅要坚持以马克思主义为指导，还要坚定文化自信，并遵循哲学社会科学发展规律，以繁荣中国特色哲学社会科学。
摘要：文化自信就是坚信中华民族文化的主体性、原创性、持续性，也就是对人民群众投身于改革开放实践的强大生命力的自信。随着中国国际地位的不断提升，承认文化差异性和提高中国的跨文化能力，是坚定文化自信的必要内容。同时，我们将以文化自信的姿态，迎接如何表述中国特色社会主义的文化特殊性本质和文化一般性本质的两大理论挑战。建设中国特色社会学，这两大挑战体现为，一方面要关怀中国本土知识的提炼和理论抽象，另一方面需要大力加强本土知识国际概念化的研究工作。%The concept of cultural confidence is meant to increase our belief and confidence in the subjectivity,original-ity,and resilience of Chinese culture,and it is also meant to confident about the force and power of Chinese people in carrying out market reforms.The rise of China in the world urges us to recognize the notion of cultural diversity and in-crease our own cross-cultural competence.At the same time,we must take a cultural confidence attitude towards two theoretical challenges,namely,successfully theorizing about both the cultural specificities and the cultural generalities of socialism with Chinese characteristics.Such challenges are reflected in the building of Chinese sociology,in ways in which local knowledge not only must be learned timely but it also must be codified by international standards in order to be spread to the world.
摘要：Chinese culture has played a very important role in the communication of world culture.Life cultivation is the most important part of great Chinese traditional culture.Lao Tzu introduced the subject of universe "Tao"through his own practice experience.In order to better understand "Tao",this paper analyzes and clarifies the connection of"Four Big","Four Changes"and"Eight Words"in Taoism and introduces the life cultivation and the main content of five es-sential aspects for practitioners:masters,practice method,money,fellow practitioners and practice location.Moreover, it also gets some insight into the secret of"Jindan"with expectation to contributing to the development of Chinese tradi-tional cultural heritage.%在世界文化的交流传播中，中华文化与文明具有非常重要的地位和作用；人生修炼是中国优秀传统文化的最重要组成部分，老子通过自身修炼的感悟推出了宇宙的本体“道”；为了更好理解“道”，从宇宙生成公式、“四大”、“四变”及“八字”的关系进行了分析和阐述，介绍了人生修炼及“师侣法财地”的主要内容，并对金丹秘法进行了适度的破解，以期对中国传统文化的传承发展和光大有所启示。
摘要：In contemporary China,adhering to the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the sustainable development of Marxism in China in the 21st Century.Its great value is reflected from the following aspects:1)Basic expe-rience of Chinese revolution and modernization accumulation;2)Cardinal guidelines for contemporary socialist moderniza-tion of China;3)Construction of major projects of contemporary Chinese ideology;4)Ideological foundation for the Com-munist Party in terms of China ruling capacity building.On how to continue developing socialism with Chinese characteris-tics,the paper makes suggestions from two dimensions which are practice and theory respectively.Namely,we must deep-en the practical exploration of socialism and the study of the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics.%在当代中国，坚持与发展中国特色社会主义，就是继续发展21世纪的中国马克思主义；其重大价值体现在：中国革命与现代化建设积累的基本经验，当代中国社会主义现代化建设的根本指南，当代中国意识形态建设的重大工程，及中国共产党执政能力建设的思想基础；如何坚持与发展中国特色社会主义，主要应有实践与理论两个维度：一是要深化对中国特色社会主义的实践探索，二是要深化对中国特色社会主义的理论研究。
摘要：China is now in the critical period,namely"new normal"economic phase and structural reform of the supply front,which needs to focus on the core issues of new-type industrialization,informationization,urbanization,agricul-tural modernization,greenazation.It does not only provide broad space for the prosperous development of the Chinese philosophy and social sciences,but also brings forward higher requirements for the Chinese philosophy and social sci-ences.For the research of the Chinese philosophy and social sciences,it is required to fully recognize the important po-sition and functions of itself,focus on the Chinese reality,possess the global perspective,and serve the society.It is re-quired to figure out and put forward major issues in the"reform transition"period by facing practice and theoretical fron-tiers.It requires us to form the contemporary Chinese theoretical discourse system through theoretical innovation,system rebuilding and chinization.We need to innovate our research methods and ways in view of China′s complicated realistic national conditions,so as to provide support and contribution for its social development.We also need to play the basic functions of the Chinese philosophy and social sciences in helping govern its country,educate its people and serve the society,so as to construct a Chinese science with distinctive features,highlighted styles and magnificent grandeur.%中国正处于经济“新常态”与供给侧结构性改革关键时期，面临着新型工业化、信息化、城镇化、农业现代化、绿色化等改革转型期的核心问题。这既为中国哲学社会科学的繁荣发展提供了广阔空间，也对中国哲学社会科学提出了更高要求。中国哲学社会科学研究要充分认识自身的重要地位和作用，聚焦中国问题、具备国际视野、服务现实社会；要面向实践和理论前沿，发现和提出“改革转型”时期的重大问题；通过理论创新、体系再建与中国化，形成当代中国的理论话语体系；针对中国复杂的现实国情，创新研究方法和手段，为社会发展提供支持与贡献；发挥中国哲学社会科学资政育人、服务社会的基本职能，构建特色鲜明、风格突出、气派宏大的中国学术。
摘要：绵延几千年的中华文化，是中国特色哲学社会科学成长发展的深厚基础，为构建中国特色哲学社会科学提供了十分宝贵的资源。其中使命意识的高度自觉、思想智慧的深厚积淀、思维方式的独特优势和治学作风的优良传统，是值得我们继承和弘扬的重要内容。加强对中华优秀传统文化宝贵资源的挖掘和阐发，激活其生命力，使中华民族最基本的文化基因与当代文化相适应、与现代社会相协调，推动中华文明创造性转化、创新性发展，围绕我国和世界发展面临的重大问题，着力提出能够体现中国立场、中国智慧、中国价值的理念、主张、方案，就能构建出充分体现中国特色、中国风格、中国气派的哲学社会科学。%Chinese culture with thousands of years civilization lays a solid foundation for the development of philosophy and social science with Chinese characteristics and also serves as a valuable resource for the construction of philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics as well.Among the philosophy and social sciences with Chinese charac-teristics,the highly self-awared mission consciousness,profound accumulation of advanced thoughts and wisdom,u-niquely advantageous thinking mode and great education tradition should be inherited and further developed.It is essen-tial to promote the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese culture by further tapping into precious Chinese traditional culture resources and strengthening its vitality,thus making the most basic Chinese cultural genes in-tegrated into contemporary civilization and coordinated with the modern society.The philosophies,proposals and plans on major issues in the development of China and the world beyond,which are fully reflecting China′s position,perfectly embodying Chinese wisdom and value should be contributed to the construction of philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics and Chinese style.
摘要：The study mainly focuses on the characteristics of Chinese cultural and its world value.In the human civiliza-tion,Chinese culture has never been interrupted and has boasted with various unique features such as rich traditional history and culture,beautiful Chinese characters,huge population and full of optimism etc.Moreover,Chinese culture attaches great importance to history and people with highly developed dialectical thinking and prevailing rational belief. Meanwhile,pessimism in western culture is also analyzed in this study.Chinese culture is expected to bring its world value to the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics.%探讨了中国文化特点及世界价值的意义，在人类自然发展进程中，中国文化从未中断且具有独自的特点，丰富的优秀文化传统；中国人口众多，汉字优美，历史文化丰富，充满乐观主义情怀；中国文化有重视人，重视历史，辩证思维发达，理性的信仰盛行等特点；同时，阐析了西方文化中的悲观意识，期望中国在大力建设中国特色社会主义的伟大事业中，更好地发挥中国文化的世界价值。
摘要：Continuous innovation of the theory and discourse system of Marx′s political economics in contemporary Chi-na,based on China′s national conditions as well as advancing practice,is not only the scientific appeal for the develop-ment and innovation of China′s economy,but also is the inherent requirement of the prosperity of Chinese philosophy and social sciences.Further more,it is incentive by the reality which is facing the major theoretical and practical issues in China′s economic growth and modernization.Chinese economists should be brave enough to shoulder this glorious mission in contemporary,exploring constantly new realm of Marx′s political economics in contemporary China.%立足中国国情和发展实践，不断创新当代中国马克思主义政治经济学理论体系和话语体系，不仅是中国经济学发展创新的学科诉求，也是中国哲学社会科学繁荣的内在要求，更是直面中国经济发展和现代化建设重大理论和实践问题的现实呼唤。中国经济学人必须勇于担当这一光荣的时代使命，不断开拓当代中国马克思主义政治经济学新境界。
摘要：从大学的起源、演进及社会需求角度概括了大学使命的基本内容，并以此为视角回顾了交通大学发展历程中的使命担当并落脚于思想交大工程，对思想交大建设的路径依托与精神元点做出了探讨；认为西安交通大学应当聚焦中国问题进行知识体系重构，进行跨越学科、跨越方法论的范式创新，从人类文明的高度建构交大学派；同时，应当以公共价值作为根本诉求，不断传承交大文化基因中的科学精神与人文情怀，发扬爱国主义、集体主义、英雄主义与乐观主义，让西安交大成为时代发展的价值高地、信仰高地。%This paper explores the contents of university′s mission,including the origin and evolution of university,as well as social demands.On the basic of this perspective,by reviewing the mission in the history of Jiaotong University′s development and the ideological Jiaotong University program,this paper discusses the path and mental element which are under the construction of ideological Jiaotong University.Suggestions are made that Xi′an Jiaotong University should focuse on Chinese problems so as to reconstruct its knowledge system,to innovate the paradigm across different disci-plines and methodology,and to structure Jiaotong University school from the high degree of human civilization.At the same time,Xi′an Jiaotong University should regard public value as its fundamental demands,keep inheriting the scien-tific spirit and humanistic feelings which buried in Jiaotong University′s culture gene ,and carry forward patriotism,col-lectivism,heroism and optimism,aiming to become the highlands of value and belief in the development of the times.
摘要：农村居民共享发展与改革成果是“新农保”制度自信的源泉。调查发现，基础养老金待遇偏低且缺乏正常增长机制是“城乡居保”当前面临的主要问题。建立城乡居保基础养老金正常调整机制，实行城乡居保个人账户基金的省级管理，通过立法建设具有强制保险性质的社会养老保险制度等措施，是“城乡居保”走出困境的必要环节；构建体现共享理念的多支柱养老金体系，是具有中国特色社会主义养老保险制度发展的方向。%Though rural residents could share the results of social development and reform,which becomes a source of confidence of the New Rural Social Endowment Insurance,this paper found that the main difficulties for the Urban and Rural Residents Basic Endowment Insurance are low basic pension treatments to urban and rural residents and the lack of normal growth mechanism.Therefore,we propose to establish adjustment mechanism of urban and rural residents basic pension insurance,promote personal account fund management at provincial level,construct the social endowment insur-ance system with compulsory insurance and so on,for those measurements are the necessary parts of the "urban and ru-ral residents"which may help them go out of the predicament.We also suggest that constructing a multi-pillar pension system which embodies the concept of sharing is the direction of the development of the endowment insurance system with Chinese characteristics.
摘要：The concept of"honesty"in Chinese socialist core value system has undergone thousands of years of slow de-velopment.Before the Spring and Autumn period,people only had the concept of"loyalty"instead of"honesty"due to the limitation of production mode.With the transmission of the mode of production,the sublimation of"loyalty"inspired the development of"honesty".However,the concept of"honesty"was only popular in few thinkers and failed to be-come the subjective spirit of the public.In more than two thousand years of empire time from Qin and Han Dynasty to the end of Qing Dynasty,"honesty"which embodies the subjective spirit also experienced uneven development with the changes in the personal attachment and personality independence.History tells us that the foundation of honesty is to re-duce the personal attachment and personality independence with the key of cultivating the independence of the subjective spirit which is indispensable in establishing a stable society of honesty.%社会主义核心价值体系中的“诚信”观念经历了几千年的缓慢发展，春秋以前，受生产方式制约，人们只有“忠信”观而无“诚信”观；其后伴随生产方式的变革，“忠信”的升华激发了“诚信”的萌芽，然而“诚信”只在少数思想家那里流行，未能成为大众的主体精神；秦汉至清末两千余年的帝国时代，随着人身与人格依附的变化，诚信作为主体精神的彰显也高低不齐；历史告诉人们，诚信与否的基础在于降低人身与人格的依附，以培植主体精神的独立自主性最为关键，这是建立稳固诚信社会的必由之路。
摘要：The development modes differences between scientific culture and literary culture have objectively existed, which led to the dominance of academic resources and academic disputes.With the social economic development,only developing all the science well can toward to the human civilization.In recent years,China has issued a series of impor-tant policies in order to develop and prosper the social science.Meanwhile,the social science researchers have increased and the funding support on social science have also been enhanced.Based on the social science development of the for-eign well-known universities and the reform trends of domestic universities,Xi′an Jiaotong University puts forward a so-cial science system which is full of its characteristics,forms and styles to deepen the institutional mechanisms reform. Furthermore,the university will take some measures to strengthen the discipline layout,aggregate high-level talents, implement the significant subject guiding project,build the production transformation platform and carry out reform measures on fund management.%科学文化与文学文化的不同发展方式与差异一直客观存在，也导致了学术资源和学术主导权的纷争，伴随社会经济的发展，不轻视和偏废任何一种科学才是走向人类文明的必然之路。近年来，中国连续出台系列繁荣与发展人文社会科学领域的重要政策，研究队伍日益壮大、科研资助力度不断增强。借鉴国内外一些知名高校的文科发展历史和国内部分高校的改革动向，西安交通大学提出构建“交大特色、交大风格、交大气派”的人文社会科学体系，深化体制机制改革；加强学科布局，健全学科体系；汇聚高端人才；实施重大研究课题引导计划；搭建转化交流平台；改革经费管理制度等改革举措。
摘要：通过分析中国公共文化服务的差异化特征，结合相关文献构建了评价公共文化服务水平的指标体系，采用全局熵值法赋权并按地域对公共文化服务水平进行测度，而后对影响因素进行面板数据分析。结果反映自“十五”以来，中国实施的一系列促进公共文化发展的政策起到了明显的效果，各省份的公共文化投入及产出均表现出持续上升趋势，但存在显著的区域差异化、城乡差异以及中部凹陷特征；经济发展水平、政府对公共文化服务的重视程度和财政分权等因素对中国公共文化服务水平影响显著。%Based on the analysis of the differentiation features of public cultural service in China and related literature, this paper constructs the index system of evaluating the level of public cultural services.It measures the level of public cultural services in 3 1 provinces according to the total entropy method and analyzes the influencing factors of public cul-tural service′s level based on the panel data.The results show that the effect of a series policy which promotes the devel-opment of public cultural is obvious,and the public cultural inputs and outputs show a rising trend in every province since the Tenth Five Year Plan.But there are significant regional difference and differences between urban and rural are-as in the level of public cultural services.The public cultural services level of central region is the lowest among three regions.Economic development,the government attention degree on public cultural service and fiscal decentralization have significant impact on China′s public cultural services.
摘要：科研合作活动已经逐渐成为目前大科学时代下科研界的主流现象，基于对科研合作及其演化的阐析，从科研成果创造主体出发，分别对国家合作网络、机构合作网络和科学家合作网络的结构特征以及创新特点进行了分析，并以管理科学这一新兴学科为例，利用社会网络软件绘制了科研合作网络知识图谱，对大科学时代下的科研合作网络进行了解析，并据此对全球管理科学领域科研合作网的研究方向与合作对象的选择提出了相应的建议。%Cooperative research has gradually become the mainstream of scientific research,the research carried on the thorough analysis about the evolution of the cooperation mechanism.This paper embarks the three basic types of litera-ture creators,builds up three single scientific research cooperation networks such as national cooperation network,insti-tutional cooperation network and scientist collaboration network respectively,the detailed research about the structures characteristics and innovation of the three cooperation networks were carried on.And the emerging interdisciplinary of management science data were taken as example with the social network software UCINet and Netdraw building three co-operation network maps in this paper,and then a thorough analysis of various cooperation networks carried on and the suggestions about our country concreted in the direction of scientific research cooperation and the choice of cooperation partners were put forward.
摘要：中国提出“丝绸之路经济带”倡议，符合改革开放以来中国对外战略的基本发展趋势，向西开放不仅有利于中国西部地区经济发展，更有利于与周边国家实现合作共赢，增强中国在中亚地区的影响力。中亚国家对于“丝绸之路经济带”持肯定和支持态度，但以当前纷繁复杂的地区形势与国际环境看，仍然存在一些挑战，但这并不影响“丝绸之路经济带”广阔和良好的发展前景。%Theproposal of the initiative of the"Silk Road Economic Belt"is in line with the basic development trend of China′s foreign strategy since the reform and opening.Opening to the west is not only conducive to economic develop-ment in western China,but also more conducive to the"win-win"cooperation with neighboring countries,which would enhance the influence of China in Central Asia.Central Asian countries welcome the "Silk Road Economic Belt",yet there still exist some challenges,in particular considering the current complicated regional and international situation. However,this does not affect the vast and well prospects of the "Silk Road Economic Belt".