摘要：In the Ming and Qing Dynasties,Huizhou acquired great achievements in business,education,medicine,architecture,art and so on,which benefited greatly from Huizhou merchants and the considerable fortune they earned.The frequent business flow of Huizhou people,the massive area of their activities and their indefinite business career have negative effects on the change of family relations,the strengthening of the clan,the widening between the rich and the poor,and the transformation of social atmosphere.%明清徽州在文化、教育、医学、建筑、艺术诸领域取得了巨大成就,这离不开徽商巨额财富对徽州本地的反哺。徽州人口频繁的商业性流动、＂无远不届＂的活动范围以及归无定期的商旅生涯,也对徽州社会形成了诸如家庭关系嬗变、宗族组织空前强化以及贫富分化、社会风气变异等更深层次的＂后院失火＂式负面影响。
摘要：人文素养不仅是师范生成才成功的要求,也是师范生适应未来职业角色和促进人实现幸福的要求。当前,我国高师院校师范生的人文素养现状不容乐观,他们人文知识贫乏,人文素质欠缺,人文知识学习兴趣淡漠。高师院校应通过课堂教学、校园文化活动、社会实践等途径积极培养师范生的人文素养。%Cultivating the humanistic quality is a requirement for students＇ success at teachers colleges as well as for their adaptation to the future career and their happy life.At present,humanistic quality of the normal students in our country allows no optimism,for their lack of humanistic knowledge,deficiencies of humanistic quality and indifference to learning humanistic knowledge.It is necessary to cultivate the humanistic quality of the normal students through teaching,campus cultural activities and social practice.
摘要：从历时角度探讨＂VP＋在＋L＂构式的承继理据性,可以确定构式的基本事件类型为＂存在事件＂,基本义为＂存在主体以某种方式存在于某地＂。动词事件与构式事件可以以子类、前提、方式和结果等关系进行互相作用,从而整合出具体的句式义。动词事件与构式事件在保证共享一个以上参与者的前提下,通过各种关系相互整合,这正是动词与构式的互动体现,也是＂VP＋在＋L＂产生多义性的根本原因。%Exploration for the descent motivation of ＂VP＋zai＋L＂ construction in a diachronic way determines that its basic event type is ＂existing event＂ and its basic meaning is ＂the subject of existence lies in a certain place in a certain way＂.Verb event and construction event interact with each other and the relations can be examples,premises,methods and results for semantic integration.Such an integration sharing more than one participant is an interaction between verb and its construction and the basic reason for the polysemy of ＂VP＋zai＋L＂.
摘要：In the information age,it is hard to protect the copyright because it is easy to copy,paste,modify and disseminate electronic reading materials.Its basic reason is the thirst for economic interest;it has been made possible by electronic reading software supporting piracy reading;inadequate laws provide chances to survive for illegal piracy.We should improve laws to protect the legitimate benefits of writers,build complete mechanisms to promote the virtuous development of publishing and use advanced technology to prevent the copyright of e-books from being infringed.%网络时代电子读物的复制、粘贴、修改、传播轻松而简单,版权保护变得艰难。对经济利益的渴求是侵权的根本原因;电子阅读软件支持盗版阅读使侵权行为成为可能;法律的不健全给侵权的违法行为提供了夹缝生存的机会。要完善法律保护作者的合法权益,建立健全机制促进出版业的良性发展,运用先进技术防范侵犯电子书版权。
摘要：To determine whether the host software copyright is infringed by third-party plug-ins,we need to consider the legal relationships of end users,third-party and software copyright hosts.We also need to consider how third-party plug-ins influence the function of the host software.Unauthorized third-party plug-ins＇ function to modify the software host is technically modification and interception.The former may infringe the copyright owner＇s right of amending,and the latter may infringe the rights of work integrity protection and information network transmission.Developers should consider whether the development of plug-ins will affect the nature and function of the host software to avoid infringement of their plug-in works.%判断第三方插件是否侵犯宿主软件著作权,需要考虑最终用户、第三方以及宿主软件著作权人三方的法律关系,以及第三方插件如何影响了宿主软件的功能。对于未经授权的第三方插件改变宿主软件的功能,从技术手段上来看是修改和拦截。修改可能会侵犯宿主软件著作权人的修改权,拦截则会侵犯宿主软件著作权人的保护作品完整权和信息网络传播权。开发者应当考虑开发插件是否会影响宿主软件的性质和功能,避免自己的插件作品侵权。
摘要：安徽推进主体功能区建设,有利于促进区域的合理分工与协调发展;围绕主体功能区建设与基本公共服务均等化出台的一系列财政政策,取得一定实效,但财政体制不健全,主体功能区政策与行政区政策相冲突,相关财税政策缺乏整体协调。推进主体功能区建设的财政政策,要完善相关财政法规,设立合理的预期;打破行政区划界限,建立财政政策为基础的完备的政策体系;匹配各级政府财力与事权,进一步完善省以下的转移支付机制。%Anhui＇s promotion of construction of main functional areas is in favor of promoting the rational division of labor and coordination of regional development.For the construction of the main functional areas and the equalization of basic public services,the introduction of a series of financial policy has achieved certain results.However,the financial system is not perfect,main functional areas policy conflicts with the administrative policies and the related fiscal policies lack of overall coordination.The financial policies to promote the construction of main functional areas are as follows： to perfect the relevant financial regulations and set up reasonable expectations;to break administrative division limit and establish complete policy system based on financial policy;to match the financial resources and the responsibility of the government at all levels and further improve the transfer payment mechanism below the provincial level.
摘要：In the 1960s and 1970s,postmodernism began to arise.People held that culture and values were different,diverse and special.Habermas insisted on the possibility of universal politics,the implementation of which depended on rational communication in the public sphere.He also sought consensus in the legislative and administrative legal proceedings.Rawls proposed that right is prior to good,meaning that we could reach overlapping consensus on various political problems based on all kinds of comprehensive doctrines people believe in.The universalism of dialogue to be constructed can provide a solid foundation for the fragmented world.%上世纪六七十年代,后现代主义开始滥觞,人们提倡文化与价值的差异、多元和特殊。哈贝马斯坚持普遍主义政治的可能,其实现依赖于公共领域中的理性沟通,在立法与行政的合法程序中寻求共识。罗尔斯提出了＂正当优先于善＂的命题,在人们所信仰的多元化的完备性学说的基础上,公民就政治领域诸问题达成重叠共识。这种对话的普遍主义有待建构,能为我们支离破碎的世界提供一个坚实的思想基础。
摘要：新媒体是基于数字多媒体技术,以互动传输为特点,向公众提供信息的媒体形式,为青少年成长教育提供了便捷的渠道,改变了青少年交流、分享和表达的习惯,对传统的青少年社会化进程提出了挑战,导致青少年的群体极化,青少年媒介素养滞后的矛盾日益凸显。在此背景下,要加强教育工作者新媒体适应能力建设,优化青少年交流、分享和表达的新媒体环境,培养青少年媒介解读和批判能力。%New media,one of the media forms offering information to the public,is based on digital multimedia technology and characterized by interaction transmission.It provides teenagers with convenient and fast channel for growth and education and also changes their habits of communication,sharing and expression.It challenges traditional process of teenagers＇ socialization,leading to the polarization of teenager groups and the increasingly prominent contradiction between advanced media and teenagers＇ lagging of media of literacy.Therefore,it is necessary to strengthen the adaptive capacity of the education workers to new media,optimize the communication,sharing and expression among teenagers,and cultivate them to be capable of understanding and criticizing media.
摘要：JIA Ying-chun,one of the twelve beauties of Jinling,was endowed with both beauty and wit.As a young lady of an eminent family,she was pure,kind,generous and intelligent,while she was also weak and dependent.It was her shortcomings that led to her harsh life.Her tragic end was also due to the evil feudal system of marriage as well as the system of law and discipline rite of feudal families.%贾迎春是金陵十二钗之一,才貌双全,具有纯真、善良、宽厚、聪明等大家闺秀的风范,但也有懦弱和缺乏主见等缺点,正是这一缺点导致贾迎春红颜薄命的命运,当然罪恶的封建婚姻制度与不合理的封建家族礼法制度也是其中的祸首。
摘要：北京政府时期,安徽属于疫病流行严重地区。军阀混战下,官方主导的医疗卫生体系未能建立起来。社会对疫情的控制更多的要依赖教会医院、红十字会、私立医院、诊所和个人行医者,绅商团体等非官方力量;政府也在社会疫情防控中发挥了一定的作用,诸多社会力量在共同构成了北京政府时期安徽社会对疫病流行的应对。%During the Peking government period,Anhui province had a serious epidemic.At the same time,the warlords fought each other and the official medical and health system was not perfect.Therefore,the control of the epidemic more depended on church hospital,Red Cross private hospitals,individual doctors,business groups and other non-official powers.The government also played a certain role in the treatment and control of the epidemic.All these formed the responses to the epidemic in Anhui province during the Peking government period.
摘要：There are risks in overseas educational consumption owing to the following： the information asymmetry of overseas education services,the difficulties in measuring the quality of overseas education services,the separation between the services and pay of overseas education services and the deficiency of the law on overseas education services.For the purpose of keeping away the risk,it is necessary to guarantee the information symmetry of overseas education services,set the quality criteria of overseas education services,and perfect the compensation mechanism for the interests of overseas students.Moreover,it is essential to be a rational investor in overseas education.%留学教育服务信息不对称,度量留学教育服务质量难度大,留学教育服务与付费的分离,加之我国出国留学教育服务管理法规的不足,使境外教育消费存在风险。为防范其风险,要保障留学教育服务信息的对称,制定留学教育服务质量的标准,完善留学生利益补偿机制,做一个理性的留学教育投资者。
摘要：The Anecdotes of Wisdom,FENG MENG-long＇s collective works of novels in classical Chinese,followed the traditional compiling style of novels.Taking wisdom as its theme,it was concentrated in contents,and the author preferred to use history as materials.It was creative,for the author broke the tradition of narrating other than writing and commented on the highlights of the novel as well as for he collected over 1300 novels of wisdom and arranged them with the progression,parallelism,contrast and comparison.The special compiling style was reflected and it is worth study for the followers.%冯梦龙文言小说总集《智囊》编排体例在继承小说类书分类编排方法的基础上,以智为主题,不仅具有取材专一和钟情史书的编纂特点,而且工于创造,一方面打破＂述而不作＂的传统,对小说进行精妙的评点,另一方面将搜罗的1300余则智慧故事按照层递、并列、正反相较三种结构关系进行精心编排,体现了《智囊》特色鲜明的编纂体例,对后世影响很大。
摘要：A Woman＇s Chat Recorded is LIN Bai＇s novel of transformation from an individual perspective to a lower-class oriented perspective.In the text,LIN Bai willingly conceals her role as an ＂author＂,yet composes her work in a ＂recording style＂ instead,thus presenting to the readers the chatting of MU Zhen,a countrywoman.Vulgar and vigorous,the coarse-grained speech recorded restores at best the truth of the existence of people at the bottom of society but also evokes our reflections on the deficiency of the fixed ＂masculine narrative strategy＂ and ＂mainstream cultural identity＂.%《妇女闲聊录》是林白从女性隐秘的个人化写作走向底层民间书写的转型之作。在文本中,林白自动隐去＂作者＂的身份,而以＂记录体＂的形式,将农妇木珍的闲聊内容原原本本呈现在广大读者面前。粗糙与鲜活的乡野话语,既充分还原了底层民间世界的存在真相,又让我们得以反思既定的＂男权叙事策略＂与＂主流文化认同＂中存在的缺失。
摘要：Actors of impropriety in scientific research fail to meet the obligation of honesty and credit.They have civil,administrative and criminal liability,which has strong social reality and corresponding legal and theoretical grounds.Current laws and rules over-emphasize the administrative liability,and bids against research projects are essentially civil activities.It is of great necessity to standardize and maintain civil liability,especially contract responsibility.Commissioned Research Contract should be formulated to standardize researches supported by financial fund.%科研不端行为人违反科研诚信义务,承担民事责任、行政责任和刑事责任具有很强的社会现实性,有相应的法律和理论依据。现行相关法律法规过分突出了行政责任,有违科研项目的招投标本质上属于民事活动的性质,有必要加强完善民事责任特别是合同法责任的规范与认定。应该制定专门的委托研究合同法规范财政性资金资助研究项目的研究行为。
摘要：清代安徽约20%的县集中了59%的进士人才。进士人才特别发达县增至2县,桐城成为进士人才第一发达县,皖中的桐城和皖南的歙县两县进士占总数的22.8%;其次发达县也增至4县,约占21.1%;一般发达县则为5县,占15.0%。清代皖省进士人才发展迅速,11个县拥有了全省59%的进士,人才集中趋势明显,人才发达地区人才增长加快,欠发达地区增长缓慢,二者间距离拉大,地域分布的不平衡性加剧。%In the Qing Dynasty,59 percent of the talents succeeding in the highest imperial exams came from about 20 percent of the counties in Anhui province.There were two counties with most talents.Tongcheng County was the most advanced county in this aspect.Talents in Tongcheng County in the centre of Anqhui and in Shexian County in south Anhui accounted for 22.8 percent.The number of less advanced counties jumped to four,about 21.1 percent,and the average counties were five,about 15.0 percent.Talents increased rapidly in Anhui in the Qing Dynasty.59 percent of the talents were concentrated in 11 counties.There was a trend of talent centralization.The number of talents increased fast in advanced areas,and it rose slowly in less advanced places.The gap was widening and the unbalance was intensified.
摘要：It is surveyed that there exist apparent grade differences between freshmen and sophomores in the overall assessment of ideological and political teaching.The major factors of the teaching effects and the reform path,which cannot be ignored.The conclusion provides a foundation for the further improvement of ideological and political teaching.%调查显示,大一与大二学生在对高校思想政治理论课教学现状的总体评价、影响高校思政课教学效果的主要因素、高校思政课教学改革方向等方面存在比较明显的年级差异。高校思想政治理论课教学中的学生年级差异不可忽视。这一结论为进一步改进高校思政课教学提供了依据。