【6h】

Lenin on Tolstoy: Between Imaginary Resolution and Revolutionary Christian Communism

机译:列宁论托尔斯泰:在想象的解决和革命的基督教共产主义之间

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摘要

Lenin's criticisms of Tolstoy, spread over half a dozen articles, provide both an anticipatory insight and a blind spot. The insight is that they offer the first example of what would later be called an imaginary resolution of real social and economic conditions. The contradictions of Tolstoy's works are manifested as, on the one hand, incisive critiques of the depredations of the transition between feudalism and capitalism, and, on the other, as inadequate and unarticulated solutions. But these contradictions give voice to the contradictory political situation of the peasants. The blind spot is that Lenin dismisses Tolstoy's response - non-resistance to evil and the recovery of the simple life of Christian devotion and poverty - as reactionary and misguided. What Lenin fails to register is that both elements of Tolstoy's works - the simplicity of collective life as well as the incisive and revolutionary critiques (which Lenin wished to appropriate for the socialists) -come out of the tradition of revolutionary Christian communism.
机译:列宁对托尔斯泰的批评遍布六篇文章,既提供了前瞻性的见识,又提供了盲点。有见识的是,它们提供了第一个示例,该示例后来称为对实际社会和经济状况的想象中的解决方案。一方面,托尔斯泰作品的矛盾表现为对封建主义和资本主义之间过渡的贬低的尖锐批评,另一方面,则是不充分和明确的解决方案。但是这些矛盾表达了农民矛盾的政治处境。盲点是,列宁视反动和误导为由,拒绝了托尔斯泰的回应-对邪恶的不抵抗以及对基督徒奉献和贫穷的简单生活的恢复。列宁没有记录的是,托尔斯泰的作品的两个要素-集体生活的朴素以及尖锐和革命性的批判(列宁希望将其适用于社会主义者)-都来自于革命的基督教共产主义的传统。

著录项

  • 来源
    《Science and society》 |2014年第1期|41-60|共20页
  • 作者

    ROLAND BOER;

  • 作者单位

    School of Humanities and Social Science University of Newcastle University Drive Callaghan, NSW 2308 Australia;

  • 收录信息 美国《科学引文索引》(SCI);
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 原文服务方 国家工程技术数字图书馆
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