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The Central Role of Social Identity in Oppression, Discrimination and Social-Structural Violence: Collective Identity Stressors and Traumas, Their Dynamics and Mental Health Impact

机译:社会认同在压迫,歧视和社会结构暴力中的核心作用:集体认同压力源和创伤,其动态和心理健康影响

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Development-based trauma framework (DBTF) identified collective identity stressors and traumas (CISTs) and other trauma types, such as personal identity traumas (PITs), physical identity or survival trauma (PISTs), preidentity such as attachment traumas, and postidentity or secondary trauma (1ST). We utilized pooled data from 9 samples from different minorities, refugees, and other victims of CIST (N = 2471) that used measures of cumulative trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs), and existential anxieties (EAAs). PROCESS macro (Models 4, 6, and 7) was used to analyze CIST direct, mediated, and moderated effects, and the serial trajectories of its mediators. We found significant direct effects of CIST on PTSD, CTD, and EAA, in addition to mediated indirect effects via PIST and PIT. Secondary and attachment traumas moderated its mediated effects. The study validated the integrated conceptual model of CIST. The implications of the results for identity-focused intervention and for advocating for social justice were discussed.
机译:基于发展的创伤框架(DBTF)确定了集体身份压力源和创伤(CIST)以及其他创伤类型,例如个人身份创伤(PIT),身体身份或生存创伤(PIST),先验身份(例如依恋创伤),后继身份或继发性创伤(1ST)。我们利用了来自不同少数民族,难民和其他CIST受害者(N = 2471)的9个样本的汇总数据,这些数据使用了累积创伤,创伤后应激障碍(PTSD),累积创伤症(CTD)和存在性焦虑症(EAA)的测量方法。使用PROCESS宏(模型4、6和7)来分析CIST的直接,介导和调节作用,及其介体的系列轨迹。除了通过PIST和PIT介导的间接作用外,我们还发现CIST对PTSD,CTD和EAA具有明显的直接作用。继发性和依恋创伤减轻了其介导的作用。该研究验证了CIST的集成概念模型。讨论了结果对注重身份的干预和倡导社会正义的影响。

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